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turpentine
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English Dictionary: turpentine by the DICT Development Group
2 results for turpentine
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:
turpentine
n
  1. obtained from conifers (especially pines) [syn: turpentine, gum terpentine]
  2. volatile liquid distilled from turpentine oleoresin; used as paint thinner and solvent and medicinally
    Synonym(s): turpentine, oil of turpentine, spirit of turpentine, turps
From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Turpentine \Tur"pen*tine\, n. [F. t[82]r[82]bentine, OF. also
      turbentine; cf. Pr. terebentina, terbentina, It. terebentina,
      trementina; fr. L. terebinthinus of the turpentine tree, from
      terebinthus the turpentine tree. Gr. [?], [?]. See
      {Terebinth}.]
      A semifluid or fluid oleoresin, primarily the exudation of
      the terebinth, or turpentine, tree ({Pistacia Terebinthus}),
      a native of the Mediterranean region. It is also obtained
      from many coniferous trees, especially species of pine,
      larch, and fir.
  
      Note: There are many varieties of turpentine. Chian
               turpentine is produced in small quantities by the
               turpentine tree ({Pistacia Terebinthus}). Venice,
               Swiss, or larch turpentine, is obtained from {Larix
               Europ[91]a}. It is a clear, colorless balsam, having a
               tendency to solidify. Canada turpentine, or Canada
               balsam, is the purest of all the pine turpentines (see
               under {Balsam}). The Carpathian and Hungarian varieties
               are derived from {Pinus Cembra} and {Pinus Mugho}.
               Carolina turpentine, the most abundant kind, comes from
               the long-leaved pine ({Pinus palustris}). Strasburg
               turpentine is from the silver fir ({Abies pectinata}).
  
      {Oil of turpentine} (Chem.), a colorless oily hydrocarbon,
            {C10H16}, of a pleasant aromatic odor, obtained by the
            distillation of crude turpentine. It is used in making
            varnishes, in medicine, etc. It is the type of the
            terpenes and is related to cymene. Called also
            {terebenthene}, {terpene}, etc.
  
      {Turpentine moth} (Zo[94]l.), any one of several species of
            small tortricid moths whose larv[91] eat the tender shoots
            of pine and fir trees, causing an exudation of pitch or
            resin.
  
      {Turpentine tree} (Bot.), the terebinth tree, the original
            source of turpentine. See {Turpentine}, above.
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