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English Dictionary: term by the DICT Development Group
4 results for term
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:
term
n
  1. a word or expression used for some particular thing; "he learned many medical terms"
  2. a limited period of time; "a prison term"; "he left school before the end of term"
  3. (usually plural) a statement of what is required as part of an agreement; "the contract set out the conditions of the lease"; "the terms of the treaty were generous"
    Synonym(s): condition, term
  4. any distinct quantity contained in a polynomial; "the general term of an algebraic equation of the n-th degree"
  5. one of the substantive phrases in a logical proposition; "the major term of a syllogism must occur twice"
  6. the end of gestation or point at which birth is imminent; "a healthy baby born at full term"
    Synonym(s): term, full term
  7. (architecture) a statue or a human bust or an animal carved out of the top of a square pillar; originally used as a boundary marker in ancient Rome
    Synonym(s): terminus, terminal figure, term
v
  1. name formally or designate with a term
From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Term \Term\, n. [F. terme, L. termen, -inis, terminus, a
      boundary limit, end; akin to Gr. [?], [?]. See {Thrum} a
      tuft, and cf. {Terminus}, {Determine}, {Exterminate}.]
      1. That which limits the extent of anything; limit;
            extremity; bound; boundary.
  
                     Corruption is a reciprocal to generation, and they
                     two are as nature's two terms, or boundaries.
                                                                              --Bacon.
  
      2. The time for which anything lasts; any limited time; as, a
            term of five years; the term of life.
  
      3. In universities, schools, etc., a definite continuous
            period during which instruction is regularly given to
            students; as, the school year is divided into three terms.
  
      4. (Geom.) A point, line, or superficies, that limits; as, a
            line is the term of a superficies, and a superficies is
            the term of a solid.
  
      5. (Law) A fixed period of time; a prescribed duration; as:
            (a) The limitation of an estate; or rather, the whole time
                  for which an estate is granted, as for the term of a
                  life or lives, or for a term of years.
            (b) A space of time granted to a debtor for discharging
                  his obligation.
            (c) The time in which a court is held or is open for the
                  trial of causes. --Bouvier.
  
      Note: In England, there were formerly four terms in the year,
               during which the superior courts were open: Hilary
               term, beginning on the 11th and ending on the 31st of
               January; Easter term, beginning on the 15th of April,
               and ending on the 8th of May; Trinity term, beginning
               on the 22d day of May, and ending on the 12th of June;
               Michaelmas term, beginning on the 2d and ending on the
               25th day of November. The rest of the year was called
               vacation. But this division has been practically
               abolished by the Judicature Acts of 1873, 1875, which
               provide for the more convenient arrangement of the
               terms and vacations. In the United States, the terms to
               be observed by the tribunals of justice are prescribed
               by the statutes of Congress and of the several States.
  
      6. (Logic) The subject or the predicate of a proposition; one
            of the three component parts of a syllogism, each one of
            which is used twice.
  
                     The subject and predicate of a proposition are,
                     after Aristotle, together called its terms or
                     extremes.                                          --Sir W.
                                                                              Hamilton.
  
      Note: The predicate of the conclusion is called the major
               term, because it is the most general, and the subject
               of the conclusion is called the minor term, because it
               is less general. These are called the extermes; and the
               third term, introduced as a common measure between
               them, is called the mean or middle term. Thus in the
               following syllogism, -- Every vegetable is combustible;
               Every tree is a vegetable; Therefore every tree is
               combustible, - combustible, the predicate of the
               conclusion, is the major term; tree is the minor term;
               vegetable is the middle term.
  
      7. A word or expression; specifically, one that has a
            precisely limited meaning in certain relations and uses,
            or is peculiar to a science, art, profession, or the like;
            as, a technical term. [bd]Terms quaint of law.[b8]
            --Chaucer.
  
                     In painting, the greatest beauties can not always be
                     expressed for want of terms.               --Dryden.
  
      8. (Arch.) A quadrangular pillar, adorned on the top with the
            figure of a head, as of a man, woman, or satyr; -- called
            also {terminal figure}. See {Terminus}, n., 2 and 3.
  
      Note: The pillar part frequently tapers downward, or is
               narrowest at the base. Terms rudely carved were
               formerly used for landmarks or boundaries. --Gwilt.
  
      9. (Alg.) A member of a compound quantity; as, a or b in a +
            b; ab or cd in ab - cd.
  
      10. pl. (Med.) The menses.
  
      11. pl. (Law) Propositions or promises, as in contracts,
            which, when assented to or accepted by another, settle
            the contract and bind the parties; conditions.
  
      12. (Law) In Scotland, the time fixed for the payment of
            rents.
  
      Note: Terms legal and conventional in Scotland correspond to
               quarter days in England and Ireland. There are two
               legal terms -- Whitsunday, May 15, and Martinmas, Nov.
               11; and two conventional terms -- Candlemas, Feb. 2,
               and Lammas day, Aug. 1. --Mozley & W.
  
      13. (Naut.) A piece of carved work placed under each end of
            the taffrail. --J. Knowels.
  
      {In term}, in set terms; in formal phrase. [Obs.]
  
                     I can not speak in term.                     --Chaucer.
  
      {Term fee} (Law)
            (a), a fee by the term, chargeable to a suitor, or by law
                  fixed and taxable in the costs of a cause for each or
                  any term it is in court.
  
      {Terms of a proportion} (Math.), the four members of which it
            is composed.
  
      {To bring to terms}, to compel (one) to agree, assent, or
            submit; to force (one) to come to terms.
  
      {To make terms}, to come to terms; to make an agreement: to
            agree.
  
      Syn: Limit; bound; boundary; condition; stipulation; word;
               expression.
  
      Usage: {Term}, {Word}. These are more frequently interchanged
                  than almost any other vocables that occur of the
                  language. There is, however, a difference between them
                  which is worthy of being kept in mind. Word is
                  generic; it denotes an utterance which represents or
                  expresses our thoughts and feelings. Term originally
                  denoted one of the two essential members of a
                  proposition in logic, and hence signifies a word of
                  specific meaning, and applicable to a definite class
                  of objects. Thus, we may speak of a scientific or a
                  technical term, and of stating things in distinct
                  terms. Thus we say, [bd]the term minister literally
                  denotes servant;[b8] [bd]an exact definition of terms
                  is essential to clearness of thought;[b8] [bd]no term
                  of reproach can sufficiently express my
                  indignation;[b8] [bd]every art has its peculiar and
                  distinctive terms,[b8] etc. So also we say, [bd]purity
                  of style depends on the choice of words, and precision
                  of style on a clear understanding of the terms
                  used.[b8] Term is chiefly applied to verbs, nouns, and
                  adjectives, these being capable of standing as terms
                  in a logical proposition; while prepositions and
                  conjunctions, which can never be so employed, are
                  rarely spoken of as terms, but simply as words.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Term \Term\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Termed}; p. pr. & vb. n.
      {Terming}.] [See {Term}, n., and cf. {Terminate}.]
      To apply a term to; to name; to call; to denominate.
  
               Men term what is beyond the limits of the universe
               [bd]imaginary space.[b8]                        --Locke.

From The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (15Feb98) [foldoc]:
   TERM
  
      1. A program by Michael O'Reilly
      for people running {Unix} who have
      {Internet} access via a {dial-up} connection, and who don't
      have access to {SLIP}, or {PPP}, or simply prefer a more
      lightweight {protocol}.   TERM does end-to-end
      error-correction, {compression} and {mulplexing} across serial
      links.   This means you can {upload} and {download} files as
      the same time you're reading your news, and can run {X}
      {client}s on the other side of your {modem} link, all without
      needing {SLIP} or {PPP}.
  
      Current version: 1.15.
  
      {(ftp://tartarus.uwa.edu.au/pub/oreillym/term/term115.tar.gz)}.
  
      2. {Technology Enabled Relationship Management}.
  
      (1999-10-04)
  
  
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