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chain
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English Dictionary: chain by the DICT Development Group
7 results for chain
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:
chain
n
  1. a series of things depending on each other as if linked together; "the chain of command"; "a complicated concatenation of circumstances"
    Synonym(s): chain, concatenation
  2. (chemistry) a series of linked atoms (generally in an organic molecule)
    Synonym(s): chain, chemical chain
  3. a series of (usually metal) rings or links fitted into one another to make a flexible ligament
  4. (business) a number of similar establishments (stores or restaurants or banks or hotels or theaters) under one ownership
  5. anything that acts as a restraint
  6. a unit of length
  7. British biochemist (born in Germany) who isolated and purified penicillin, which had been discovered in 1928 by Sir Alexander Fleming (1906-1979)
    Synonym(s): Chain, Ernst Boris Chain, Sir Ernst Boris Chain
  8. a series of hills or mountains; "the valley was between two ranges of hills"; "the plains lay just beyond the mountain range"
    Synonym(s): range, mountain range, range of mountains, chain, mountain chain, chain of mountains
  9. a linked or connected series of objects; "a chain of daisies"
  10. a necklace made by a stringing objects together; "a string of beads"; "a strand of pearls";
    Synonym(s): chain, string, strand
v
  1. connect or arrange into a chain by linking
  2. fasten or secure with chains; "Chain the chairs together"
    Antonym(s): unchain
From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
  
  
      {Pattern box}, {chain}, [or] {cylinder} (Figure Weaving),
            devices, in a loom, for presenting several shuttles to the
            picker in the proper succession for forming the figure.
  
      {Pattern card}.
            (a) A set of samples on a card.
            (b) (Weaving) One of the perforated cards in a Jacquard
                  apparatus.
  
      {Pattern reader}, one who arranges textile patterns.
  
      {Pattern wheel} (Horology), a count-wheel.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Chain \Chain\, v. t. [imp. p. p. {Chained} (ch[be]nd); p. pr. &
      vb. n. {Chaining}.]
      1. To fasten, bind, or connect with a chain; to fasten or
            bind securely, as with a chain; as, to chain a bulldog.
  
                     Chained behind the hostile car.         --Prior.
  
      2. To keep in slavery; to enslave.
  
                     And which more blest? who chained his country, say
                     Or he whose virtue sighed to lose a day? --Pope.
  
      3. To unite closely and strongly.
  
                     And in this vow do chain my soul to thine. --Shak.
  
      4. (Surveying) To measure with the chain.
  
      5. To protect by drawing a chain across, as a harbor.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Chain \Chain\, n. [F. cha[8c]ne, fr. L. catena. Cf. {Catenate}.]
      1. A series of links or rings, usually of metal, connected,
            or fitted into one another, used for various purposes, as
            of support, of restraint, of ornament, of the exertion and
            transmission of mechanical power, etc.
  
                     [They] put a chain of gold about his neck. --Dan. v.
                                                                              29.
  
      2. That which confines, fetters, or secures, as a chain; a
            bond; as, the chains of habit.
  
                     Driven down To chains of darkness and the undying
                     worm.                                                --Milton.
  
      3. A series of things linked together; or a series of things
            connected and following each other in succession; as, a
            chain of mountains; a chain of events or ideas.
  
      4. (Surv.) An instrument which consists of links and is used
            in measuring land.
  
      Note: One commonly in use is Gunter's chain, which consists
               of one hundred links, each link being seven inches and
               ninety-two one hundredths in length; making up the
               total length of rods, or sixty-six, feet; hence, a
               measure of that length; hence, also, a unit for land
               measure equal to four rods square, or one tenth of an
               acre.
  
      5. pl. (Naut.) Iron links bolted to the side of a vessel to
            bold the dead-eyes connected with the shrouds; also, the
            channels.
  
      6. (Weaving) The warp threads of a web. --Knight.
  
      {Chain belt} (Mach.), a belt made of a chain; -- used for
            transmitting power.
  
      {Chain boat}, a boat fitted up for recovering lost cables,
            anchors, etc.
  
      {Chain bolt}
            (a) (Naut.) The bolt at the lower end of the chain plate,
                  which fastens it to the vessel's side.
            (b) A bolt with a chain attached for drawing it out of
                  position.
  
      {Chain bond}. See {Chain timber}.
  
      {Chain bridge}, a bridge supported by chain cables; a
            suspension bridge.
  
      {Chain cable}, a cable made of iron links.
  
      {Chain coral} (Zo[94]l.), a fossil coral of the genus
            {Halysites}, common in the middle and upper Silurian
            rocks. The tubular corallites are united side by side in
            groups, looking in an end view like links of a chain. When
            perfect, the calicles show twelve septa.
  
      {Chain coupling}.
            (a) A shackle for uniting lengths of chain, or connecting
                  a chain with an object.
            (b) (Railroad) Supplementary coupling together of cars
                  with a chain.
  
      {Chain gang}, a gang of convicts chained together.
  
      {Chain hook} (Naut.), a hook, used for dragging cables about
            the deck.
  
      {Chain mail}, flexible, defensive armor of hammered metal
            links wrought into the form of a garment.
  
      {Chain molding} (Arch.), a form of molding in imitation of a
            chain, used in the Normal style.
  
      {Chain pier}, a pier suspended by chain.
  
      {Chain pipe} (Naut.), an opening in the deck, lined with
            iron, through which the cable is passed into the lockers
            or tiers.
  
      {Chain plate} (Shipbuilding), one of the iron plates or
            bands, on a vessel's side, to which the standing rigging
            is fastened.
  
      {Chain pulley}, a pulley with depressions in the periphery of
            its wheel, or projections from it, made to fit the links
            of a chain.
  
      {Chain pumps}. See in the Vocabulary.
  
      {Chain rule} (Arith.), a theorem for solving numerical
            problems by composition of ratios, or compound proportion,
            by which, when several ratios of equality are given, the
            consequent of each being the same as the antecedent of the
            next, the relation between the first antecedent and the
            last consequent is discovered.
  
      {Chain shot} (Mil.), two cannon balls united by a shot chain,
            formerly used in naval warfare on account of their
            destructive effect on a ship's rigging.
  
      {Chain stitch}. See in the Vocabulary.
  
      {Chain timber}. (Arch.) See {Bond timber}, under {Bond}.
  
      {Chain wales}. (Naut.) Same as {Channels}.
  
      {Chain wheel}. See in the Vocabulary.
  
      {Closed chain}, {Open chain} (Chem.), terms applied to the
            chemical structure of compounds whose rational formul[91]
            are written respectively in the form of a closed ring (see
            {Benzene nucleus}, under {Benzene}), or in an open
            extended form.
  
      {Endless chain}, a chain whose ends have been united by a
            link.

From Jargon File (4.2.0, 31 JAN 2000) [jargon]:
   chain   1. vi. [orig. from BASIC's `CHAIN' statement] To hand
   off execution to a child or successor without going through the {OS}
   command interpreter that invoked it.   The state of the parent
   program is lost and there is no returning to it.   Though this
   facility used to be common on memory-limited micros and is still
   widely supported for backward compatibility, the jargon usage is
   semi-obsolescent; in particular, most Unix programmers will think of
   this as an {exec}.   Oppose the more modern `subshell'.   2. n. A
   series of linked data areas within an operating system or
   application.   `Chain rattling' is the process of repeatedly running
   through the linked data areas searching for one which is of interest
   to the executing program.   The implication is that there is a very
   large number of links on the chain.
  
  

From The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (15Feb98) [foldoc]:
   chain
  
      1. (From {BASIC}'s "CHAIN" statement) To
      pass control to a child or successor without going through the
      {operating system} {command interpreter} that invoked you.
      The state of the parent program is lost and there is no
      returning to it.   Though this facility used to be common on
      memory-limited {microcomputers} and is still widely supported
      for {backward compatibility}, the jargon usage is
      semi-obsolescent; in particular, {Unix} calls this {exec}.
  
      Compare with the more modern "{subshell}".
  
      2. A series of linked data areas within an
      {operating system} or {application program}.   "Chain rattling"
      is the process of repeatedly running through the linked data
      areas searching for one which is of interest.   The implication
      is that there are many links in the chain.
  
      3. A possibly infinite, non-decreasing sequence of
      elements of some {total ordering}, S
  
      x0 <= x1 <= x2 ...
  
      A chain satisfies:
  
      for all x,y in S, x <= y \/ y <= x.
  
      I.e. any two elements of a chain are related.
  
      ("<=" is written in {LaTeX} as {\sqsubseteq}).
  
      [{Jargon File}]
  
      (1995-02-03)
  
  

From Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary [easton]:
   Chain
      (1.) A part of the insignia of office. A chain of gold was
      placed about Joseph's neck (Gen. 41:42); and one was promised to
      Daniel (5:7). It is used as a symbol of sovereignty (Ezek.
      16:11). The breast-plate of the high-priest was fastened to the
      ephod by golden chains (Ex. 39:17, 21).
     
         (2.) It was used as an ornament (Prov. 1:9; Cant. 1:10). The
      Midianites adorned the necks of their camels with chains (Judg.
      8:21, 26).
     
         (3.) Chains were also used as fetters wherewith prisoners were
      bound (Judg. 16:21; 2 Sam. 3:34; 2 Kings 25:7; Jer. 39:7). Paul
      was in this manner bound to a Roman soldier (Acts 28:20; Eph.
      6:20; 2 Tim. 1:16). Sometimes, for the sake of greater security,
      the prisoner was attached by two chains to two soldiers, as in
      the case of Peter (Acts 12:6).
     
No guarantee of accuracy or completeness!
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