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cancer
Cancer
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English Dictionary: cancer by the DICT Development Group
3 results for cancer
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:
cancer
n
  1. any malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled cell division; it may spread to other parts of the body through the lymphatic system or the blood stream
    Synonym(s): cancer, malignant neoplastic disease
  2. (astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Cancer
    Synonym(s): Cancer, Crab
  3. a small zodiacal constellation in the northern hemisphere; between Leo and Gemini
  4. the fourth sign of the zodiac; the sun is in this sign from about June 21 to July 22
    Synonym(s): Cancer, Cancer the Crab, Crab
  5. type genus of the family Cancridae
    Synonym(s): Cancer, genus Cancer
From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Sign \Sign\, n. [F. signe, L. signum; cf. AS. segen, segn, a
      sign, standard, banner, also fr. L. signum. Cf. {Ensign},
      {Resign}, {Seal} a stamp, {Signal}, {Signet}.]
      That by which anything is made known or represented; that
      which furnishes evidence; a mark; a token; an indication; a
      proof. Specifically:
      (a) A remarkable event, considered by the ancients as
            indicating the will of some deity; a prodigy; an omen.
      (b) An event considered by the Jews as indicating the divine
            will, or as manifesting an interposition of the divine
            power for some special end; a miracle; a wonder.
  
                     Through mighty signs and wonders, by the power of
                     the Spirit of God.                           --Rom. xv. 19.
  
                     It shall come to pass, if they will not believe
                     thee, neither hearken to the voice of the first
                     sign, that they will believe the voice of the
                     latter sign.                                    --Ex. iv. 8.
      (c) Something serving to indicate the existence, or preserve
            the memory, of a thing; a token; a memorial; a monument.
  
                     What time the fire devoured two hundred and fifty
                     men, and they became a sign.            --Num. xxvi.
                                                                              10.
      (d) Any symbol or emblem which prefigures, typifles, or
            represents, an idea; a type; hence, sometimes, a picture.
  
                     The holy symbols, or signs, are not barely
                     significative; but what they represent is as
                     certainly delivered to us as the symbols
                     themselves.                                       --Brerewood.
  
                     Saint George of Merry England, the sign of victory.
                                                                              --Spenser.
      (e) A word or a character regarded as the outward
            manifestation of thought; as, words are the sign of
            ideas.
      (f) A motion, an action, or a gesture by which a thought is
            expressed, or a command or a wish made known.
  
                     They made signs to his father, how he would have
                     him called.                                       --Luke i. 62.
      (g) Hence, one of the gestures of pantomime, or of a language
            of a signs such as those used by the North American
            Indians, or those used by the deaf and dumb.
  
      Note: Educaters of the deaf distinguish between natural
               signs, which serve for communicating ideas, and
               methodical, or systematic, signs, adapted for the
               dictation, or the rendering, of written language, word
               by word; and thus the signs are to be distinguished
               from the manual alphabet, by which words are spelled on
               the fingers.
      (h) A military emblem carried on a banner or a standard.
            --Milton.
      (i) A lettered board, or other conspicuous notice, placed
            upon or before a building, room, shop, or office to
            advertise the business there transacted, or the name of
            the person or firm carrying it on; a publicly displayed
            token or notice.
  
                     The shops were, therefore, distinguished by painted
                     signs, which gave a gay and grotesque aspect to the
                     streets.                                          --Macaulay.
      (j) (Astron.) The twelfth part of the ecliptic or zodiac.
  
      Note: The signs are reckoned from the point of intersection
               of the ecliptic and equator at the vernal equinox, and
               are named, respectively, {Aries} ([Aries]), {Taurus}
               ([Taurus]), {Gemini} (II), {Cancer} ([Cancer]), {Leo}
               ([Leo]), {Virgo} ([Virgo]), {Libra} ([Libra]),
               {Scorpio} ([Scorpio]), {Sagittarius} ([Sagittarius]),
               {Capricornus   ([Capricorn]), {Aquarius} ([Aquarius]),
               {Pisces} ([Pisces]). These names were originally the
               names of the constellations occupying severally the
               divisions of the zodiac, by which they are still
               retained; but, in consequence of the procession of the
               equinoxes, the signs have, in process of time, become
               separated about 30 degrees from these constellations,
               and each of the latter now lies in the sign next in
               advance, or to the east of the one which bears its
               name, as the constellation Aries in the sign Taurus,
               etc.
      (k) (Alg.) A character indicating the relation of quantities,
            or an operation performed upon them; as, the sign +
            (plus); the sign -- (minus); the sign of division [f6],
            and the like.
      (l) (Med.) An objective evidence of disease; that is, one
            appreciable by some one other than the patient.
  
      Note: The terms symptom and and sign are often used
               synonymously; but they may be discriminated. A sign
               differs from a symptom in that the latter is perceived
               only by the patient himself. The term sign is often
               further restricted to the purely local evidences of
               disease afforded by direct examination of the organs
               involved, as distinguished from those evidence of
               general disturbance afforded by observation of the
               temperature, pulse, etc. In this sense it is often
               called physical sign.
      (m) (Mus.) Any character, as a flat, sharp, dot, etc.
      (n) (Theol.) That which, being external, stands for, or
            signifies, something internal or spiritual; -- a term
            used in the Church of England in speaking of an ordinance
            considered with reference to that which it represents.
  
                     An outward and visible sign of an inward and
                     spiritual grace.                              --Bk. of
                                                                              Common Prayer.
  
      Note: See the Table of {Arbitrary Signs}, p. 1924.
  
      {Sign manual}.
      (a) (Eng. Law) The royal signature superscribed at the top of
            bills of grants and letter patent, which are then sealed
            with the privy signet or great seal, as the case may be,
            to complete their validity.
      (b) The signature of one's name in one's own handwriting.
            --Craig. Tomlins. Wharton.
  
      Syn: Token; mark; note; symptom; indication; signal; symbol;
               type; omen; prognostic; presage; manifestation. See
               {Emblem}.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Cancer \Can"cer\, n. [L. cancer, cancri, crab, ulcer, a sign of
      the zodiac; akin to Gr. karki`nos, Skr. karka[tsdot]a crab,
      and prob. Skr. karkara hard, the crab being named from its
      hard shell. Cf. {Canner}, {Chancre}.]
      1. (Zo[94]l.) A genus of decapod Crustacea, including some of
            the most common shore crabs of Europe and North America,
            as the rock crab, Jonah crab, etc. See {Crab}.
  
      2. (Astron.)
            (a) The fourth of the twelve signs of the zodiac. The
                  first point is the northern limit of the sun's course
                  in summer; hence, the sign of the summer solstice. See
                  {Tropic}.
            (b) A northern constellation between Gemini and Leo.
  
      3. (Med.) Formerly, any malignant growth, esp. one attended
            with great pain and ulceration, with cachexia and
            progressive emaciation. It was so called, perhaps, from
            the great veins which surround it, compared by the
            ancients to the claws of a crab. The term is now
            restricted to such a growth made up of aggregations of
            epithelial cells, either without support or embedded in
            the meshes of a trabecular framework.
  
      Note: Four kinds of cancers are recognized: (1) {Epithelial
               cancer, or Epithelioma}, in which there is no
               trabecular framework. See {Epithelioma}. (2) {Scirrhous
               cancer, or Hard cancer}, in which the framework
               predominates, and the tumor is of hard consistence and
               slow growth. (3) {Encephaloid, Medullary, [or] Soft
               cancer}, in which the cellular element predominates,
               and the tumor is soft, grows rapidy, and often
               ulcerates. (4) {Colloid cancer}, in which the cancerous
               structure becomes gelatinous. The last three varieties
               are also called {carcinoma}.
  
      {Cancer cells}, cells once believed to be peculiar to
            cancers, but now know to be epithelial cells differing in
            no respect from those found elsewhere in the body, and
            distinguished only by peculiarity of location and
            grouping.
  
      {Cancer root} (Bot.), the name of several low plants, mostly
            parasitic on roots, as the beech drops, the squawroot,
            etc.
  
      {Tropic of Cancer}. See {Tropic}.
No guarantee of accuracy or completeness!
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