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Brunei
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English Dictionary: Brunei by the DICT Development Group
2 results for Brunei
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:
Brunei
n
  1. a sultanate in northwestern Borneo; became independent of Great Britain in 1984
    Synonym(s): Brunei, Negara Brunei Darussalam
From The CIA World Factbook (1995) [world95]:
   Brunei
  
   Brunei:Geography
  
   Location: Southeastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and
   Malaysia
  
   Map references: Southeast Asia
  
   Area:
   total area: 5,770 sq km
   land area: 5,270 sq km
   comparative area: slightly larger than Delaware
  
   Land boundaries: total 381 km, Malysia 381 km
  
   Coastline: 161 km
  
   Maritime claims:
   exclusive economic zone: 200 nm or to median line
   territorial sea: 12 nm
  
   International disputes: may wish to purchase the Malaysian salient
   that divides the country; all of the Spratly Islands are claimed by
   China, Taiwan, and Vietnam; parts of them are claimed by Malaysia and
   the Philippines; in 1984, Brunei established an exclusive fishing zone
   that encompasses Louisa Reef, but has not publicly claimed the island
  
   Climate: tropical; hot, humid, rainy
  
   Terrain: flat coastal plain rises to mountains in east; hilly lowland
   in west
  
   Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, timber
  
   Land use:
   arable land: 1%
   permanent crops: 1%
   meadows and pastures: 1%
   forest and woodland: 79%
   other: 18%
  
   Irrigated land: 10 sq km (1989 est.)
  
   Environment:
   current issues: NA
   natural hazards: typhoons, earthquakes, and severe flooding are very
   rare
   international agreements: party to - Endangered Species, Ozone Layer
   Protection, Ship Pollution; signed, but not ratified - Law of the Sea
  
   Note: close to vital sea lanes through South China Sea linking Indian
   and Pacific Oceans; two parts physically separated by Malaysia; almost
   an enclave of Malaysia
  
   Brunei:People
  
   Population: 292,266 (July 1995 est.)
  
   Age structure:
   0-14 years: 34% (female 48,458; male 50,624)
   15-64 years: 62% (female 85,581; male 95,955)
   65 years and over: 4% (female 5,172; male 6,476) (July 1995 est.)
  
   Population growth rate: 2.63% (1995 est.)
  
   Birth rate: 25.83 births/1,000 population (1995 est.)
  
   Death rate: 5.07 deaths/1,000 population (1995 est.)
  
   Net migration rate: 5.49 migrant(s)/1,000 population (1995 est.)
  
   Infant mortality rate: 24.7 deaths/1,000 live births (1995 est.)
  
   Life expectancy at birth:
   total population: 71.24 years
   male: 69.65 years
   female: 72.91 years (1995 est.)
  
   Total fertility rate: 3.41 children born/woman (1995 est.)
  
   Nationality:
   noun: Bruneian(s)
   adjective: Bruneian
  
   Ethnic divisions: Malay 64%, Chinese 20%, other 16%
  
   Religions: Muslim (official) 63%, Buddhism 14%, Christian 8%,
   indigenous beliefs and other 15% (1981)
  
   Languages: Malay (official), English, Chinese
  
   Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1991)
   total population: 88%
   male: 92%
   female: 82%
  
   Labor force: 119,000 (1993 est.); note - includes members of the Army
   by occupation: government 47.5%, production of oil, natural gas,
   services, and construction 41.9%, agriculture, forestry, and fishing
   3.8% (1986)
   note: 33% of labor force is foreign (1988)
  
   Brunei:Government
  
   Names:
   conventional long form: Negara Brunei Darussalam
   conventional short form: Brunei
  
   Digraph: BX
  
   Type: constitutional sultanate
  
   Capital: Bandar Seri Begawan
  
   Administrative divisions: 4 districts (daerah-daerah, singular -
   daerah); Belait, Brunei and Muara, Temburong, Tutong
  
   Independence: 1 January 1984 (from UK)
  
   National holiday: National Day 23 February (1984)
  
   Constitution: 29 September 1959 (some provisions suspended under a
   State of Emergency since December 1962, others since independence on 1
   January 1984)
  
   Legal system: based on Islamic law
  
   Suffrage: none
  
   Executive branch:
   chief of state and head of government: Sultan and Prime Minister His
   Majesty Paduka Seri Baginda Sultan Haji HASSANAL Bolkiah Mu'izzaddin
   Waddaulah (since 5 October 1967)
   cabinet: Council of Cabinet Ministers; composed chiefly of members of
   the royal family
  
   Legislative branch: unicameral
   Legislative Council (Majlis Masyuarat Megeri): elections last held in
   March 1962; in 1970 the Council was changed to an appointive body by
   decree of the sultan; an elected legislative Council is being
   considered as part of constitution reform, but elections are unlikely
   for several years
  
   Judicial branch: Supreme Court
  
   Political parties and leaders: Brunei United National Party
   (inactive), Anak HASANUDDIN, chairman; Brunei National Solidarity
   Party (the first legal political party and now banned), leader NA;
   Brunei Peoples Party (banned), leader NA
  
   Member of: APEC, ASEAN, C, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, GATT, ICAO, IDB, IMO,
   INMARSAT, INTELSAT (nonsignatory user), INTERPOL, IOC, ISO
   (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OIC, UN, UNCTAD, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO
  
   Diplomatic representation in US:
   chief of mission: Ambassador Haji JAYA bin Abdul Latif
   chancery: Watergate, Suite 300, 3rd floor, 2600 Virginia Avenue NW,
   Washington, DC 20037
   telephone: [1] (202) 342-0159
   FAX: [1] (202) 342-0158
  
   US diplomatic representation:
   chief of mission: Ambassador Theresa A. TULL
   embassy: Third Floor, Teck Guan Plaza, Jalan Sultan, Bandar Seri
   Begawan
   mailing address: American Embassy Box B, APO AP 96440
   telephone: [673] (2) 229670
   FAX: [673] (2) 225293
  
   Flag: yellow with two diagonal bands of white (top, almost double
   width) and black starting from the upper hoist side; the national
   emblem in red is superimposed at the center; the emblem includes a
   swallow-tailed flag on top of a winged column within an upturned
   crescent above a scroll and flanked by two upraised hands
  
   Economy
  
   Overview: The economy is a mixture of foreign and domestic
   entrepreneurship, government regulation and welfare measures, and
   village tradition. It is almost totally supported by exports of crude
   oil and natural gas, with revenues from the petroleum sector
   accounting for more than 40% of GDP. Per capita GDP is among the
   highest in the Third World, and substantial income from overseas
   investment supplements domestic production. The government provides
   for all medical services and subsidizes food and housing.
  
   National product: GDP - purchasing power parity - $4.43 billion (1993
   est.)
  
   National product real growth rate: -4% (1993 est.)
  
   National product per capita: $16,000 (1993 est.)
  
   Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2.5% (1993 est.)
  
   Unemployment rate: 5% (1993 est.)
  
   Budget:
   revenues: $1.5 billion
   expenditures: $1.5 billion, including capital expenditures of $255
   million (1990 est.)
  
   Exports: $2.2 billion (f.o.b., 1993 est.)
   commodities: crude oil, liquefied natural gas, petroleum products
   partners: Japan 52%, South Korea 10%, UK 9%, Thailand 7%, Singapore 6%
   (1991)
  
   Imports: $1.2 billion (c.i.f., 1993 est.)
   commodities: machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods,
   food, chemicals
   partners: Singapore 34%, UK 23%, US 10%, Japan 8%, Malaysia 7%,
   Switzerland 4% (1991)
  
   External debt: $0
  
   Industrial production: growth rate 12.9% (1987); accounts for 41.6% of
   GDP (1990), includes mining, quarrying, and manufacturing
  
   Electricity:
   capacity: 380,000 kW
   production: 1.2 billion kWh
   consumption per capita: 3,971 kWh (1993)
  
   Industries: petroleum, petroleum refining, liquefied natural gas,
   construction
  
   Agriculture: imports about 80% of its food needs; principal crops and
   livestock include rice, cassava, bananas, buffaloes, and pigs
  
   Economic aid:
   recipient: US commitments, including Ex-Im (FY70-87), $20.6 million;
   Western (non-US) countries, ODA and OOF bilateral commitments
   (1970-89), $153 million
  
   Currency: 1 Bruneian dollar (B$) = 100 cents
  
   Exchange rates: Bruneian dollars (B$) per US$1 - 1.4524 (January
   1995), 1.5274 (1994), 1.6158 (1993), 1.6290 (1992), 1.7276 (1991),
   1.8125 (1990); note - the Bruneian dollar is at par with the Singapore
   dollar
  
   Fiscal year: calendar year
  
   Brunei:Transportation
  
   Railroads:
   total: 13 km private line
   narrow gauge: 13 km 0.610-m gauge
  
   Highways:
   total: 1,090 km
   paved: bituminous 370 km (with another 52 km under construction)
   unpaved: gravel or earth 720 km
  
   Inland waterways: 209 km; navigable by craft drawing less than 1.2
   meters
  
   Pipelines: crude oil 135 km; petroleum products 418 km; natural gas
   920 km
  
   Ports: Bandar Seri Begawar, Kuala Belait, Muara, Seria, Tutong
  
   Merchant marine:
   total: 7 liquefied gas carriers (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 348,476
   GRT/340,635 DWT
  
   Airports:
   total: 5
   with paved runways over 3,047 m: 1
   with paved runways under 914 m: 3
   with unpaved runways 914 to 1,523 m: 1
  
   Brunei:Communications
  
   Telephone system: 33,000 telephones (1987); service throughout country
   is adequate for present needs; international service good to adjacent
   Malaysia
   local: NA
   intercity: NA
   international: INTELSAT (NA Indian Ocean and 1 Pacific Ocean) earth
   stations
  
   Radio:
   broadcast stations: AM 4, FM 4, shortwave 0
   radios: 74,000 (1987)
   note: radiobroadcast coverage good
  
   Television:
   broadcast stations: 1
   televisions: NA
  
   Brunei:Defense Forces
  
   Branches: Land Forces, Navy, Air Force, Royal Brunei Police
  
   Manpower availability: males age 15-49 81,560; males fit for military
   service 47,403; males reach military age (18) annually 2,835 (1995
   est.)
  
   Defense expenditures: exchange rate conversion - $312 million, 6.2% of
   GDP (1994)
  
  
  
No guarantee of accuracy or completeness!
©TU Chemnitz, 2006-2019
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