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English Dictionary: NaCl by the DICT Development Group
1 result for NaCl
From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Sodium \So"di*um\, n. [NL., fr.E. soda.] (Chem.)
      A common metallic element of the alkali group, in nature
      always occuring combined, as in common salt, in albite, etc.
      It is isolated as a soft, waxy, white, unstable metal, so
      readily oxidized that it combines violently with water, and
      to be preserved must be kept under petroleum or some similar
      liquid. Sodium is used combined in many salts, in the free
      state as a reducer, and as a means of obtaining other metals
      (as magnesium and aluminium) is an important commercial
      product. Symbol Na (Natrium). Atomic weight 23. Specific
      gravity 0.97.
      {Sodium amalgam}, an alloy of sodium and mercury, usually
            produced as a gray metallic crystalline substance, which
            is used as a reducing agent, and otherwise.
      {Sodium bicarbonate}, a white crystalline substance,
            {HNaCO3}, with a slight alkaline taste resembling that of
            sodium carbonate. It is found in many mineral springs and
            also produced artificially,. It is used in cookery, in
            baking powders, and as a source of carbonic acid gas
            (carbon dioxide) for soda water. Called also {cooking
            soda}, {saleratus}, and technically, {acid sodium
            carbonate}, {primary sodium carbonate}, {sodium
            dicarbonate}, etc.
      {Sodium carbonate}, a white crystalline substance,
            {Na2CO3.10H2O}, having a cooling alkaline taste, found in
            the ashes of many plants, and produced artifically in
            large quantities from common salt. It is used in making
            soap, glass, paper, etc., and as alkaline agent in many
            chemical industries. Called also {sal soda}, {washing
            soda}, or {soda}. Cf. {Sodium bicarbonate}, above and
      {Sodium chloride}, common, or table, salt, {NaCl}.
      {Sodium hydroxide}, a white opaque brittle solid, {NaOH},
            having a fibrous structure, produced by the action of
            quicklime, or of calcium hydrate (milk of lime), on sodium
            carbonate. It is a strong alkali, and is used in the
            manufacture of soap, in making wood pulp for paper, etc.
            Called also {sodium hydrate}, and {caustic soda}. By
            extension, a solution of sodium hydroxide.
No guarantee of accuracy or completeness!
©TU Chemnitz, 2006-2019
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