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soil
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English Dictionary: soil by the DICT Development Group
8 results for soil
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:
soil
n
  1. the state of being covered with unclean things [syn: dirt, filth, grime, soil, stain, grease, grunge]
  2. the part of the earth's surface consisting of humus and disintegrated rock
    Synonym(s): soil, dirt
  3. material in the top layer of the surface of the earth in which plants can grow (especially with reference to its quality or use); "the land had never been plowed"; "good agricultural soil"
    Synonym(s): land, ground, soil
  4. the geographical area under the jurisdiction of a sovereign state; "American troops were stationed on Japanese soil"
    Synonym(s): territory, soil
v
  1. make soiled, filthy, or dirty; "don't soil your clothes when you play outside!"
    Synonym(s): dirty, soil, begrime, grime, colly, bemire
    Antonym(s): clean, make clean
From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Soil \Soil\, v. t.[OE. soilen, OF. soillier, F. souiller,
      (assumed) LL. suculare, fr. L. sucula a little pig, dim. of
      sus a swine. See {Sow}, n.]
      1. To make dirty or unclean on the surface; to foul; to
            dirty; to defile; as, to soil a garment with dust.
  
                     Our wonted ornaments now soiled and stained.
                                                                              --Milton.
  
      2. To stain or mar, as with infamy or disgrace; to tarnish;
            to sully. --Shak.
  
      Syn: To foul; dirt; dirty; begrime; bemire; bespatter;
               besmear; daub; bedaub; stain; tarnish; sully; defile;
               pollute.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Soil \Soil\, n. [OE. soile, F. sol, fr. L. solum bottom, soil;
      but the word has probably been influenced in form by soil a
      miry place. Cf. {Saloon}, {Soil} a miry place, {Sole} of the
      foot.]
      1. The upper stratum of the earth; the mold, or that compound
            substance which furnishes nutriment to plants, or which is
            particularly adapted to support and nourish them.
  
      2. Land; country.
  
                     Must I thus leave thee, Paradise? thus leave Thee,
                     native soil?                                       --Milton.
  
      3. Dung; f[91]ces; compost; manure; as, night soil.
  
                     Improve land by dung and other sort of soils.
                                                                              --Mortimer.
  
      {Soil pipe}, a pipe or drain for carrying off night soil.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Soil \Soil\, v. t.
      To enrich with soil or muck; to manure.
  
               Men . . . soil their ground, not that they love the
               dirt, but that they expect a crop.         --South.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Soil \Soil\, n. [OF. soil, souil, F. souille, from OF. soillier,
      F. souiller. See {Soil} to make dirty.]
      A marshy or miry place to which a hunted boar resorts for
      refuge; hence, a wet place, stream, or tract of water, sought
      for by other game, as deer.
  
               As deer, being stuck, fly through many soils, Yet still
               the shaft sticks fast.                           --Marston.
  
      {To take soil}, to run into the mire or water; hence, to take
            refuge or shelter.
  
                     O, sir, have you taken soil here? It is well a man
                     may reach you after three hours' running. --B.
                                                                              Jonson.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Soil \Soil\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Soiled}; p. pr. & vb. n.
      {Soiling}.] [OF. saoler, saouler, to satiate, F. so[96]ler,
      L. satullare, fr. satullus, dim. of satur sated. See
      {Satire}.]
      To feed, as cattle or horses, in the barn or an inclosure,
      with fresh grass or green food cut for them, instead of
      sending them out to pasture; hence (such food having the
      effect of purging them), to purge by feeding on green food;
      as, to soil a horse.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Soil \Soil\, v. i.
      To become soiled; as, light colors soil sooner than dark
      ones.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Soil \Soil\, n. [See {Soil} to make dirty, {Soil} a miry place.]
      That which soils or pollutes; a soiled place; spot; stain.
  
               A lady's honor . . . will not bear a soil. --Dryden.
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