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English Dictionary: wine by the DICT Development Group
3 results for wine
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:
wine
n
  1. fermented juice (of grapes especially) [syn: wine, vino]
  2. a red as dark as red wine
    Synonym(s): wine, wine-colored, wine-coloured
v
  1. drink wine
  2. treat to wine; "Our relatives in Italy wined and dined us for a week"
From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Wine \Wine\, n. [OE. win, AS. win, fr. L. vinum (cf. Icel.
      v[c6]n; all from the Latin); akin to Gr. o'i^nos, [?], and E.
      withy. Cf. {Vine}, {Vineyard}, {Vinous}, {Withy}.]
      1. The expressed juice of grapes, esp. when fermented; a
            beverage or liquor prepared from grapes by squeezing out
            their juice, and (usually) allowing it to ferment. [bd]Red
            wine of Gascoigne.[b8] --Piers Plowman.
  
                     Wine is a mocker, strong drink is raging, and
                     whosoever is deceived thereby is not wise. --Prov.
                                                                              xx. 1.
  
                     Bacchus, that first from out the purple grape
                     Crushed the sweet poison of misused wine. --Milton.
  
      Note: Wine is essentially a dilute solution of ethyl alcohol,
               containing also certain small quantities of ethers and
               ethereal salts which give character and bouquet.
               According to their color, strength, taste, etc., wines
               are called {red}, {white}, {spirituous}, {dry},
               {light}, {still}, etc.
  
      2. A liquor or beverage prepared from the juice of any fruit
            or plant by a process similar to that for grape wine; as,
            currant wine; gooseberry wine; palm wine.
  
      3. The effect of drinking wine in excess; intoxication.
  
                     Noah awoke from his wine.                  --Gen. ix. 24.
  
      {Birch wine}, {Cape wine}, etc. See under {Birch}, {Cape},
            etc.
  
      {Spirit of wine}. See under {Spirit}.
  
      {To have drunk wine of ape} [or] {wine ape}, to be so drunk
            as to be foolish. [Obs.] --Chaucer.
  
      {Wine acid}. (Chem.) See {Tartaric acid}, under {Tartaric}.
            [Colloq.]
  
      {Wine apple} (Bot.), a large red apple, with firm flesh and a
            rich, vinous flavor.

From Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary [easton]:
   Wine
      The common Hebrew word for wine is _yayin_, from a root meaning
      "to boil up," "to be in a ferment." Others derive it from a root
      meaning "to tread out," and hence the juice of the grape trodden
      out. The Greek word for wine is _oinos_, and the Latin _vinun_.
      But besides this common Hebrew word, there are several others
      which are thus rendered.
     
         (1.) Ashishah (2 Sam. 6:19; 1 Chr. 16:3; Cant. 2:5; Hos. 3:1),
      which, however, rather denotes a solid cake of pressed grapes,
      or, as in the Revised Version, a cake of raisins.
     
         (2.) 'Asis, "sweet wine," or "new wine," the product of the
      same year (Cant. 8:2; Isa. 49:26; Joel 1:5; 3:18; Amos 9:13),
      from a root meaning "to tread," hence juice trodden out or
      pressed out, thus referring to the method by which the juice is
      obtained. The power of intoxication is ascribed to it.
     
         (3.) Hometz. See {VINEGAR}.
     
         (4.) Hemer, Deut. 32:14 (rendered "blood of the grape") Isa.
      27:2 ("red wine"), Ezra 6:9; 7:22; Dan. 5:1, 2, 4. This word
      conveys the idea of "foaming," as in the process of
      fermentation, or when poured out. It is derived from the root
      _hamar_, meaning "to boil up," and also "to be red," from the
      idea of boiling or becoming inflamed.
     
         (5.) 'Enabh, a grape (Deut. 32:14). The last clause of this
      verse should be rendered as in the Revised Version, "and of the
      blood of the grape ['enabh] thou drankest wine [hemer]." In Hos.
      3:1 the phrase in Authorized Version, "flagons of wine," is in
      the Revised Version correctly "cakes of raisins." (Comp. Gen.
      49:11; Num. 6:3; Deut. 23:24, etc., where this Hebrew word is
      rendered in the plural "grapes.")
     
         (6.) Mesekh, properly a mixture of wine and water with spices
      that increase its stimulating properties (Isa. 5:22). Ps. 75:8,
      "The wine [yayin] is red; it is full of mixture [mesekh];" Prov.
      23:30, "mixed wine;" Isa. 65:11, "drink offering" (R.V.,
      "mingled wine").
     
         (7.) Tirosh, properly "must," translated "wine" (Deut. 28:51);
      "new wine" (Prov. 3:10); "sweet wine" (Micah 6:15; R.V.,
      "vintage"). This Hebrew word has been traced to a root meaning
      "to take possession of" and hence it is supposed that tirosh is
      so designated because in intoxicating it takes possession of the
      brain. Among the blessings promised to Esau (Gen. 27:28) mention
      is made of "plenty of corn and tirosh." Palestine is called "a
      land of corn and tirosh" (Deut. 33:28; comp. Isa. 36:17). See
      also Deut. 28:51; 2 Chr. 32:28; Joel 2:19; Hos. 4:11, ("wine
      [yayin] and new wine [tirosh] take away the heart").
     
         (8.) Sobhe (root meaning "to drink to excess," "to suck up,"
      "absorb"), found only in Isa. 1:22, Hos. 4:18 ("their drink;"
      Gesen. and marg. of R.V., "their carouse"), and Nah. 1:10
      ("drunken as drunkards;" lit., "soaked according to their
      drink;" R.V., "drenched, as it were, in their drink", i.e.,
      according to their sobhe).
     
         (9.) Shekar, "strong drink," any intoxicating liquor; from a
      root meaning "to drink deeply," "to be drunken", a generic term
      applied to all fermented liquors, however obtained. Num. 28:7,
      "strong wine" (R.V., "strong drink"). It is sometimes
      distinguished from wine, c.g., Lev. 10:9, "Do not drink wine
      [yayin] nor strong drink [shekar];" Num. 6:3; Judg. 13:4, 7;
      Isa. 28:7 (in all these places rendered "strong drink").
      Translated "strong drink" also in Isa. 5:11; 24:9; 29:9; 56:12;
      Prov. 20:1; 31:6; Micah 2:11.
     
         (10.) Yekebh (Deut. 16:13, but in R.V. correctly
      "wine-press"), a vat into which the new wine flowed from the
      press. Joel 2:24, "their vats;" 3:13, "the fats;" Prov. 3:10,
      "Thy presses shall burst out with new wine [tirosh];" Hag. 2:16;
      Jer. 48:33, "wine-presses;" 2 Kings 6:27; Job. 24:11.
     
         (11.) Shemarim (only in plural), "lees" or "dregs" of wine. In
      Isa. 25:6 it is rendered "wines on the lees", i.e., wine that
      has been kept on the lees, and therefore old wine.
     
         (12.) Mesek, "a mixture," mixed or spiced wine, not diluted
      with water, but mixed with drugs and spices to increase its
      strength, or, as some think, mingled with the lees by being
      shaken (Ps. 75:8; Prov. 23:30).
     
         In Acts 2:13 the word _gleukos_, rendered "new wine," denotes
      properly "sweet wine." It must have been intoxicating.
     
         In addition to wine the Hebrews also made use of what they
      called _debash_, which was obtained by boiling down must to
      one-half or one-third of its original bulk. In Gen. 43:11 this
      word is rendered "honey." It was a kind of syrup, and is called
      by the Arabs at the present day dibs. This word occurs in the
      phrase "a land flowing with milk and honey" (debash), Ex. 3:8,
      17; 13:5; 33:3; Lev. 20:24; Num. 13: 27. (See {HONEY}.)
     
         Our Lord miraculously supplied wine at the marriage feast in
      Cana of Galilee (John 2:1-11). The Rechabites were forbidden the
      use of wine (Jer. 35). The Nazarites also were to abstain from
      its use during the period of their vow (Num. 6:1-4); and those
      who were dedicated as Nazarites from their birth were
      perpetually to abstain from it (Judg. 13:4, 5; Luke 1:15; 7:33).
      The priests, too, were forbidden the use of wine and strong
      drink when engaged in their sacred functions (Lev. 10:1, 9-11).
      "Wine is little used now in the East, from the fact that
      Mohammedans are not allowed to taste it, and very few of other
      creeds touch it. When it is drunk, water is generally mixed with
      it, and this was the custom in the days of Christ also. The
      people indeed are everywhere very sober in hot climates; a
      drunken person, in fact, is never seen", (Geikie's Life of
      Christ). The sin of drunkenness, however, must have been not
      uncommon in the olden times, for it is mentioned either
      metaphorically or literally more than seventy times in the
      Bible.
     
         A drink-offering of wine was presented with the daily
      sacrifice (Ex. 29:40, 41), and also with the offering of the
      first-fruits (Lev. 23:13), and with various other sacrifices
      (Num. 15:5, 7, 10). Wine was used at the celebration of the
      Passover. And when the Lord's Supper was instituted, the wine
      and the unleavened bread then on the paschal table were by our
      Lord set apart as memorials of his body and blood.
     
         Several emphatic warnings are given in the New Testament
      against excess in the use of wine (Luke 21:34; Rom. 13:13; Eph.
      5:18; 1 Tim. 3:8; Titus 1:7).
     
No guarantee of accuracy or completeness!
©TU Chemnitz, 2006-2019
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