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English Dictionary: turn by the DICT Development Group
6 results for turn
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:
turn
n
  1. a circular segment of a curve; "a bend in the road"; "a crook in the path"
    Synonym(s): bend, crook, twist, turn
  2. the act of changing or reversing the direction of the course; "he took a turn to the right"
    Synonym(s): turn, turning
  3. (game) the activity of doing something in an agreed succession; "it is my turn"; "it is still my play"
    Synonym(s): turn, play
  4. an unforeseen development; "events suddenly took an awkward turn"
    Synonym(s): turn, turn of events, twist
  5. a movement in a new direction; "the turning of the wind"
    Synonym(s): turning, turn
  6. the act of turning away or in the opposite direction; "he made an abrupt turn away from her"
  7. turning or twisting around (in place); "with a quick twist of his head he surveyed the room"
    Synonym(s): twist, turn
  8. a time for working (after which you will be relieved by someone else); "it's my go"; "a spell of work"
    Synonym(s): go, spell, tour, turn
  9. (sports) a division during which one team is on the offensive
    Synonym(s): turn, bout, round
  10. a short theatrical performance that is part of a longer program; "he did his act three times every evening"; "she had a catchy little routine"; "it was one of the best numbers he ever did"
    Synonym(s): act, routine, number, turn, bit
  11. a favor for someone; "he did me a good turn"
    Synonym(s): turn, good turn
  12. taking a short walk out and back; "we took a turn in the park"
v
  1. change orientation or direction, also in the abstract sense; "Turn towards me"; "The mugger turned and fled before I could see his face"; "She turned from herself and learned to listen to others' needs"
  2. undergo a transformation or a change of position or action; "We turned from Socialism to Capitalism"; "The people turned against the President when he stole the election"
    Synonym(s): change state, turn
  3. undergo a change or development; "The water turned into ice"; "Her former friend became her worst enemy"; "He turned traitor"
    Synonym(s): become, turn
  4. cause to move around or rotate; "turn a key"; "turn your palm this way"
  5. change to the contrary; "The trend was reversed"; "the tides turned against him"; "public opinion turned when it was revealed that the president had an affair with a White House intern"
    Synonym(s): change by reversal, turn, reverse
  6. pass to the other side of; "turn the corner"; "move around the obstacle"
    Synonym(s): turn, move around
  7. pass into a condition gradually, take on a specific property or attribute; become; "The weather turned nasty"; "She grew angry"
    Synonym(s): turn, grow
  8. let (something) fall or spill from a container; "turn the flour onto a plate"
    Synonym(s): turn, release
  9. move around an axis or a center; "The wheels are turning"
  10. cause to move around a center so as to show another side of; "turn a page of a book"
    Synonym(s): turn, turn over
  11. to send or let go; "They turned away the crowd at the gate of the governor's mansion"
  12. to break and turn over earth especially with a plow; "Farmer Jones plowed his east field last week"; "turn the earth in the Spring"
    Synonym(s): plow, plough, turn
  13. shape by rotating on a lathe or cutting device or a wheel; "turn the legs of the table"; "turn the clay on the wheel"
  14. change color; "In Vermont, the leaves turn early"
  15. twist suddenly so as to sprain; "wrench one's ankle"; "The wrestler twisted his shoulder"; "the hikers sprained their ankles when they fell"; "I turned my ankle and couldn't walk for several days"
    Synonym(s): twist, sprain, wrench, turn, wrick, rick
  16. cause to change or turn into something different;assume new characteristics; "The princess turned the frog into a prince by kissing him"; "The alchemists tried to turn lead into gold"
  17. accomplish by rotating; "turn a somersault"; "turn cartwheels"
  18. get by buying and selling; "the company turned a good profit after a year"
  19. cause to move along an axis or into a new direction; "turn your face to the wall"; "turn the car around"; "turn your dance partner around"
  20. channel one's attention, interest, thought, or attention toward or away from something; "The pedophile turned to boys for satisfaction"; "people turn to mysticism at the turn of a millennium"
  21. cause (a plastic object) to assume a crooked or angular form; "bend the rod"; "twist the dough into a braid"; "the strong man could turn an iron bar"
    Synonym(s): flex, bend, deform, twist, turn
    Antonym(s): unbend
  22. alter the functioning or setting of; "turn the dial to 10"; "turn the heat down"
  23. direct at someone; "She turned a smile on me"; "They turned their flashlights on the car"
  24. have recourse to or make an appeal or request for help or information to; "She called on her Representative to help her"; "She turned to her relatives for help"
    Synonym(s): call on, turn
  25. go sour or spoil; "The milk has soured"; "The wine worked"; "The cream has turned--we have to throw it out"
    Synonym(s): sour, turn, ferment, work
  26. become officially one year older; "She is turning 50 this year"
From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Turn \Turn\, v. t.
      To make a turn about or around (something); to go or pass
      around by turning; as, to turn a corner.
  
               The ranges are not high or steep, and one can turn a
               kopje instead of cutting or tunneling through it.
                                                                              --James Bryce.
  
      {To turn turtle}, to capsize bottom upward; -- said of a
            vessel. [Naut. slang] -- {To turn under} (Agric.), to put,
            as soil, manure, etc., underneath from the surface by
            plowing, digging, or the like.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Turn \Turn\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Turned}; p. pr. & vb. n.
      {Turning}.] [OE. turnen, tournen, OF. tourner, torner,
      turner, F. tourner, LL. tornare, fr. L. tornare to turn in a
      lathe, to rounds off, fr. tornus a lathe, Gr. [?] a turner's
      chisel, a carpenter's tool for drawing circles; probably akin
      to E. throw. See {Throw}, and cf. {Attorney}, {Return},
      {Tornado}, {Tour}, {Tournament}.]
      1. To cause to move upon a center, or as if upon a center; to
            give circular motion to; to cause to revolve; to cause to
            move round, either partially, wholly, or repeatedly; to
            make to change position so as to present other sides in
            given directions; to make to face otherwise; as, to turn a
            wheel or a spindle; to turn the body or the head.
  
                     Turn the adamantine spindle round.      --Milton.
  
                     The monarch turns him to his royal guest. --Pope.
  
      2. To cause to present a different side uppermost or outmost;
            to make the upper side the lower, or the inside to be the
            outside of; to reverse the position of; as, to turn a box
            or a board; to turn a coat.
  
      3. To give another direction, tendency, or inclination to; to
            direct otherwise; to deflect; to incline differently; --
            used both literally and figuratively; as, to turn the eyes
            to the heavens; to turn a horse from the road, or a ship
            from her course; to turn the attention to or from
            something. [bd]Expert when to advance, or stand, or, turn
            the sway of battle.[b8] --Milton.
  
                     Thrice I deluded her, and turned to sport Her
                     importunity.                                       --Milton.
  
                     My thoughts are turned on peace.         --Addison.
  
      4. To change from a given use or office; to divert, as to
            another purpose or end; to transfer; to use or employ; to
            apply; to devote.
  
                     Therefore he slew him, and turned the kingdom unto
                     David.                                                --1 Chron. x.
                                                                              14.
  
                     God will make these evils the occasion of a greater
                     good, by turning them to advantage in this world.
                                                                              --Tillotson.
  
                     When the passage is open, land will be turned most
                     to cattle; when shut, to sheep.         --Sir W.
                                                                              Temple.
  
      5. To change the form, quality, aspect, or effect of; to
            alter; to metamorphose; to convert; to transform; -- often
            with to or into before the word denoting the effect or
            product of the change; as, to turn a worm into a winged
            insect; to turn green to blue; to turn prose into verse;
            to turn a Whig to a Tory, or a Hindu to a Christian; to
            turn good to evil, and the like.
  
                     The Lord thy God will turn thy captivity, and have
                     compassion upon thee.                        --Deut. xxx.
                                                                              3.
  
                     And David said, O Lord, I pray thee, turn the
                     counsel of Ahithophel into foolishness. --2 Sam. xv.
                                                                              31.
  
                     Impatience turns an ague into a fever. --Jer.
                                                                              Taylor.
  
      6. To form in a lathe; to shape or fashion (anything) by
            applying a cutting tool to it while revolving; as, to turn
            the legs of stools or tables; to turn ivory or metal.
  
                     I had rather hear a brazen canstick turned. --Shak.
  
      7. Hence, to give form to; to shape; to mold; to put in
            proper condition; to adapt. [bd]The poet's pen turns them
            to shapes.[b8] --Shak.
  
                     His limbs how turned, how broad his shoulders spread
                     !                                                      --Pope.
  
                     He was perfectly well turned for trade. --Addison.
  
      8. Specifically:
            (a) To translate; to construe; as, to turn the Iliad.
  
                           Who turns a Persian tale for half a crown.
                                                                              --Pope.
            (b) To make acid or sour; to ferment; to curdle, etc.: as,
                  to turn cider or wine; electricity turns milk quickly.
            (c) To sicken; to nauseate; as, an emetic turns one's
                  stomach.
  
      {To be turned of}, be advanced beyond; as, to be turned of
            sixty-six.
  
      {To turn a cold shoulder to}, to treat with neglect or
            indifference.
  
      {To turn a corner}, to go round a corner.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Turn \Turn\, v. i.
      1. To move round; to have a circular motion; to revolve
            entirely, repeatedly, or partially; to change position, so
            as to face differently; to whirl or wheel round; as, a
            wheel turns on its axis; a spindle turns on a pivot; a man
            turns on his heel.
  
                     The gate . . . on golden hinges turning. --Milton.
  
      2. Hence, to revolve as if upon a point of support; to hinge;
            to depend; as, the decision turns on a single fact.
  
                     Conditions of peace certainly turn upon events of
                     war.                                                   --Swift.
  
      3. To result or terminate; to come about; to eventuate; to
            issue.
  
                     If we repent seriously, submit contentedly, and
                     serve him faithfully, afflictions shall turn to our
                     advantage.                                          --Wake.
  
      4. To be deflected; to take a different direction or
            tendency; to be directed otherwise; to be differently
            applied; to be transferred; as, to turn from the road.
  
                     Turn from thy fierce wrath.               --Ex. xxxii.
                                                                              12.
  
                     Turn ye, turn ye from your evil ways. --Ezek.
                                                                              xxxiii. 11.
  
                     The understanding turns inward on itself, and
                     reflects on its own operations.         --Locke.
  
      5. To be changed, altered, or transformed; to become
            transmuted; also, to become by a change or changes; to
            grow; as, wood turns to stone; water turns to ice; one
            color turns to another; to turn Mohammedan.
  
                     I hope you have no intent to turn husband. --Shak.
  
                     Cygnets from gray turn white.            --Bacon.
  
      6. To undergo the process of turning on a lathe; as, ivory
            turns well.
  
      7. Specifically:
            (a) To become acid; to sour; -- said of milk, ale, etc.
            (b) To become giddy; -- said of the head or brain.
  
                           I'll look no more; Lest my brain turn. --Shak.
            (c) To be nauseated; -- said of the stomach.
            (d) To become inclined in the other direction; -- said of
                  scales.
            (e) To change from ebb to flow, or from flow to ebb; --
                  said of the tide.
            (f) (Obstetrics) To bring down the feet of a child in the
                  womb, in order to facilitate delivery.
  
      8. (Print.) To invert a type of the same thickness, as
            temporary substitute for any sort which is exhausted.
  
      {To turn about}, to face to another quarter; to turn around.
           
  
      {To turn again}, to come back after going; to return. --Shak.
  
      {To turn against}, to become unfriendly or hostile to.
  
      {To turn} {aside [or] away}.
            (a) To turn from the direct course; to withdraw from a
                  company; to deviate.
            (b) To depart; to remove.
            (c) To avert one's face.
  
      {To turn back}, to turn so as to go in an opposite direction;
            to retrace one's steps.
  
      {To turn in}.
            (a) To bend inward.
            (b) To enter for lodgings or entertainment.
            (c) To go to bed. [Colloq.]
  
      {To turn into}, to enter by making a turn; as, to turn into a
            side street.
  
      {To turn off}, to be diverted; to deviate from a course; as,
            the road turns off to the left.
  
      {To turn on} [or] {upon}.
            (a) To turn against; to confront in hostility or anger.
            (b) To reply to or retort.
            (c) To depend on; as, the result turns on one condition.
                 
  
      {To turn out}.
            (a) To move from its place, as a bone.
            (b) To bend or point outward; as, his toes turn out.
            (c) To rise from bed. [Colloq.]
            (d) To come abroad; to appear; as, not many turned out to
                  the fire.
            (e) To prove in the result; to issue; to result; as, the
                  crops turned out poorly.
  
      {To turn over}, to turn from side to side; to roll; to
            tumble.
  
      {To turn round}.
            (a) To change position so as to face in another direction.
            (b) To change one's opinion; to change from one view or
                  party to another.
  
      {To turn to}, to apply one's self to; have recourse to; to
            refer to. [bd]Helvicus's tables may be turned to on all
            occasions.[b8] --Locke.
  
      {To turn to account}, {profit}, {advantage}, or the like, to
            be made profitable or advantageous; to become worth the
            while.
  
      {To turn under}, to bend, or be folded, downward or under.
  
      {To turn up}.
            (a) To bend, or be doubled, upward.
            (b) To appear; to come to light; to transpire; to occur;
                  to happen.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Turn \Turn\, n.
      1. The act of turning; movement or motion about, or as if
            about, a center or axis; revolution; as, the turn of a
            wheel.
  
      2. Change of direction, course, or tendency; different order,
            position, or aspect of affairs; alteration; vicissitude;
            as, the turn of the tide.
  
                     At length his complaint took a favorable turn.
                                                                              --Macaulay.
  
                     The turns and varieties of all passions. --Hooker.
  
                     Too well the turns of mortal chance I know. --Pope.
  
      3. One of the successive portions of a course, or of a series
            of occurrences, reckoning from change to change; hence, a
            winding; a bend; a meander.
  
                     And all its [the river's] thousand turns disclose.
                     Some fresher beauty varying round.      --Byron.
  
      4. A circuitous walk, or a walk to and fro, ending where it
            began; a short walk; a stroll.
  
                     Come, you and I must walk a turn together. --Shak.
  
                     I will take a turn in your garden.      --Dryden.
  
      5. Successive course; opportunity enjoyed by alternation with
            another or with others, or in due order; due chance;
            alternate or incidental occasion; appropriate time.
            [bd]Nobleness and bounty . . . had their turns in his [the
            king's] nature.[b8]
  
                     His turn will come to laugh at you again. --Denham.
  
                     Every one has a fair turn to be as great as he
                     pleases.                                             --Collier.
  
      6. Incidental or opportune deed or office; occasional act of
            kindness or malice; as, to do one an ill turn.
  
                     Had I not done a friendes turn to thee? --Chaucer.
  
                     thanks are half lost when good turns are delayed.
                                                                              --Fairfax.
  
      7. Convenience; occasion; purpose; exigence; as, this will
            not serve his turn.
  
                     I have enough to serve mine own turn. --Shak.
  
      8. Form; cast; shape; manner; fashion; -- used in a literal
            or figurative sense; hence, form of expression; mode of
            signifying; as, the turn of thought; a man of a sprightly
            turn in conversation.
  
                     The turn of both his expressions and thoughts is
                     unharmonious.                                    --Dryden.
  
                     The Roman poets, in their description of a beautiful
                     man, often mention the turn of his neck and arms.
                                                                              --Addison.
  
      9. A change of condition; especially, a sudden or recurring
            symptom of illness, as a nervous shock, or fainting spell;
            as, a bad turn. [Colloq.]
  
      10. A fall off the ladder at the gallows; a hanging; -- so
            called from the practice of causing the criminal to stand
            on a ladder which was turned over, so throwing him off,
            when the signal was given. [Obs.]
  
      11. A round of a rope or cord in order to secure it, as about
            a pin or a cleat.
  
      12. (Mining) A pit sunk in some part of a drift.
  
      13. (Eng. Law) A court of record, held by the sheriff twice a
            year in every hundred within his county. --Blount.
  
      14. pl. (Med.) Monthly courses; menses. [Colloq.]
  
      15. (Mus.) An embellishment or grace (marked thus, [?]),
            commonly consisting of the principal note, or that on
            which the turn is made, with the note above, and the
            semitone below, the note above being sounded first, the
            principal note next, and the semitone below last, the
            three being performed quickly, as a triplet preceding the
            marked note. The turn may be inverted so as to begin with
            the lower note, in which case the sign is either placed
            on end thus [?], or drawn thus [?].
  
      {By turns}.
            (a) One after another; alternately; in succession.
            (b) At intervals. [bd][They] feel by turns the bitter
                  change.[b8] --Milton.
  
      {In turn}, in due order of succession.
  
      {To a turn}, exactly; perfectly; as, done to a turn; -- a
            phrase alluding to the practice of cooking on a revolving
            spit.
  
      {To take turns}, to alternate; to succeed one another in due
            order.
  
      {Turn and turn about}, by equal alternating periods of
            service or duty; by turns.
  
      {Turn bench}, a simple portable lathe, used on a bench by
            clock makers and watchmakers.
  
      {Turn buckle}. See {Turnbuckle}, in Vocabulary.
  
      {Turn cap}, a sort of chimney cap which turns round with the
            wind so as to present its opening to the leeward. --G.
            Francis.
  
      {Turn of life} (Med.), change of life. See under {Change}.
  
      {Turn screw}, a screw driver.

From The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (15Feb98) [foldoc]:
   TURN
  
      An {SMTP} command with which a {client}
      asks the {server} to open an SMTP connection to the client,
      thus reversing their roles.
  
      Superseded by {ETRN}.
  
      (1997-11-21)
  
  
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