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English Dictionary: syllogism by the DICT Development Group
2 results for syllogism
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:
  1. deductive reasoning in which a conclusion is derived from two premises
From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Syllogism \Syl"lo*gism\, n. [OE. silogisme, OF. silogime,
      sillogisme, F. syllogisme, L. syllogismus, Gr. syllogismo`s a
      reckoning all together, a reasoning, syllogism, fr.
      syllogi`zesqai to reckon all together, to bring at once
      before the mind, to infer, conclude; sy`n with, together +
      logi`zesqai to reckon, to conclude by reasoning. See {Syn-},
      and {Logistic}, {Logic}.] (Logic)
      The regular logical form of every argument, consisting of
      three propositions, of which the first two are called the
      premises, and the last, the conclusion. The conclusion
      necessarily follows from the premises; so that, if these are
      true, the conclusion must be true, and the argument amounts
      to demonstration;
      Note: as in the following example: Every virtue is laudable;
               Kindness is a virtue; Therefore kindness is laudable.
               These propositions are denominated respectively the
               major premise, the minor premise, and the conclusion.
      Note: If the premises are not true and the syllogism is
               regular, the reasoning is valid, and the conclusion,
               whether true or false, is correctly derived.
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