DEEn Dictionary De - En
DeEs De - Es
DePt De - Pt
 Vocabulary trainer

Spec. subjects Grammar Abbreviations Random search Preferences
Search in Sprachauswahl
sugar
Search for:
Mini search box
 
English Dictionary: sugar by the DICT Development Group
5 results for sugar
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:
sugar
n
  1. a white crystalline carbohydrate used as a sweetener and preservative
    Synonym(s): sugar, refined sugar
  2. an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals; includes simple sugars with small molecules as well as macromolecular substances; are classified according to the number of monosaccharide groups they contain
    Synonym(s): carbohydrate, saccharide, sugar
  3. informal terms for money
    Synonym(s): boodle, bread, cabbage, clams, dinero, dough, gelt, kale, lettuce, lolly, lucre, loot, moolah, pelf, scratch, shekels, simoleons, sugar, wampum
v
  1. sweeten with sugar; "sugar your tea" [syn: sugar, saccharify]
From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Sugar \Sug"ar\, n. [OE. sugre, F. sucre (cf. It. zucchero, Sp.
      az[a3]car), fr. Ar. sukkar, assukkar, fr. Skr. [87]arkar[be]
      sugar, gravel; cf. Per. shakar. Cf. {Saccharine}, {Sucrose}.]
      1. A sweet white (or brownish yellow) crystalline substance,
            of a sandy or granular consistency, obtained by
            crystallizing the evaporated juice of certain plants, as
            the sugar cane, sorghum, beet root, sugar maple, etc. It
            is used for seasoning and preserving many kinds of food
            and drink. Ordinary sugar is essentially sucrose. See the
            Note below.
  
      Note: The term sugar includes several commercial grades, as
               the white or refined, granulated, loaf or lump, and the
               raw brown or muscovado. In a more general sense, it
               includes several distinct chemical compounds, as the
               glucoses, or grape sugars (including glucose proper,
               dextrose, and levulose), and the sucroses, or true
               sugars (as cane sugar). All sugars are carbohydrates.
               See {Carbohydrate}. The glucoses, or grape sugars, are
               ketone alcohols of the formula {C6H12O6}, and they turn
               the plane of polarization to the right or the left.
               They are produced from the amyloses and sucroses, as by
               the action of heat and acids of ferments, and are
               themselves decomposed by fermentation into alcohol and
               carbon dioxide. The only sugar (called acrose) as yet
               produced artificially belongs to this class. The
               sucroses, or cane sugars, are doubled glucose
               anhydrides of the formula {C12H22O11}. They are usually
               not fermentable as such (cf. {Sucrose}), and they act
               on polarized light.
  
      2. By extension, anything resembling sugar in taste or
            appearance; as, sugar of lead (lead acetate), a poisonous
            white crystalline substance having a sweet taste.
  
      3. Compliment or flattery used to disguise or render
            acceptable something obnoxious; honeyed or soothing words.
            [Colloq.]
  
      {Acorn sugar}. See {Quercite}.
  
      {Cane sugar}, sugar made from the sugar cane; sucrose, or an
            isomeric sugar. See {Sucrose}.
  
      {Diabetes}, [or] {Diabetic}, {sugar} (Med. Chem.), a variety
            of sugar (probably grape sugar or dextrose) excreted in
            the urine in diabetes mellitus.
  
      {Fruit sugar}. See under {Fruit}, and {Fructose}.
  
      {Grape sugar}, a sirupy or white crystalline sugar (dextrose
            or glucose) found as a characteristic ingredient of ripe
            grapes, and also produced from many other sources. See
            {Dextrose}, and {Glucose}.
  
      {Invert sugar}. See under {Invert}.
  
      {Malt sugar}, a variety of sugar isomeric with sucrose, found
            in malt. See {Maltose}.
  
      {Manna sugar}, a substance found in manna, resembling, but
            distinct from, the sugars. See {Mannite}.
  
      {Milk sugar}, a variety of sugar characteristic of fresh
            milk, and isomeric with sucrose. See {Lactose}.
  
      {Muscle sugar}, a sweet white crystalline substance isomeric
            with, and formerly regarded to, the glucoses. It is found
            in the tissue of muscle, the heart, liver, etc. Called
            also {heart sugar}. See {Inosite}.
  
      {Pine sugar}. See {Pinite}.
  
      {Starch sugar} (Com. Chem.), a variety of dextrose made by
            the action of heat and acids on starch from corn,
            potatoes, etc.; -- called also {potato sugar}, {corn
            sugar}, and, inaccurately, {invert sugar}. See {Dextrose},
            and {Glucose}.
  
      {Sugar barek}, one who refines sugar.
  
      {Sugar beet} (Bot.), a variety of beet ({Beta vulgaris}) with
            very large white roots, extensively grown, esp. in Europe,
            for the sugar obtained from them.
  
      {Sugar berry} (Bot.), the hackberry.
  
      {Sugar bird} (Zo[94]l.), any one of several species of small
            South American singing birds of the genera {C[d2]reba},
            {Dacnis}, and allied genera belonging to the family
            {C[d2]rebid[91]}. They are allied to the honey eaters.
  
      {Sugar bush}. See {Sugar orchard}.
  
      {Sugar camp}, a place in or near a sugar orchard, where maple
            sugar is made.
  
      {Sugar candian}, sugar candy. [Obs.]
  
      {Sugar candy}, sugar clarified and concreted or crystallized;
            candy made from sugar.
  
      {Sugar cane} (Bot.), a tall perennial grass ({Saccharum
            officinarium}), with thick short-jointed stems. It has
            been cultivated for ages as the principal source of sugar.
           
  
      {Sugar loaf}.
            (a) A loaf or mass of refined sugar, usually in the form
                  of a truncated cone.
            (b) A hat shaped like a sugar loaf.
  
                           Why, do not or know you, grannam, and that sugar
                           loaf?                                          --J. Webster.
  
      {Sugar maple} (Bot.), the rock maple ({Acer saccharinum}).
            See {Maple}.
  
      {Sugar mill}, a machine for pressing out the juice of the
            sugar cane, usually consisting of three or more rollers,
            between which the cane is passed.
  
      {Sugar mite}. (Zo[94]l.)
            (a) A small mite ({Tyroglyphus sacchari}), often found in
                  great numbers in unrefined sugar.
            (b) The lepisma.
  
      {Sugar of lead}. See {Sugar}, 2, above.
  
      {Sugar of milk}. See under {Milk}.
  
      {Sugar orchard}, a collection of maple trees selected and
            preserved for purpose of obtaining sugar from them; --
            called also, sometimes, {sugar bush}. [U.S.] --Bartlett.
  
      {Sugar pine} (Bot.), an immense coniferous tree ({Pinus
            Lambertiana}) of California and Oregon, furnishing a soft
            and easily worked timber. The resinous exudation from the
            stumps, etc., has a sweetish taste, and has been used as a
            substitute for sugar.
  
      {Sugar squirrel} (Zo[94]l.), an Australian flying phalanger
            ({Belideus sciureus}), having a long bushy tail and a
            large parachute. It resembles a flying squirrel. See
            Illust. under {Phlanger}.
  
      {Sugar tongs}, small tongs, as of silver, used at table for
            taking lumps of sugar from a sugar bowl.
  
      {Sugar tree}. (Bot.) See {Sugar maple}, above.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Sugar \Sug"ar\, v. i.
      In making maple sugar, to complete the process of boiling
      down the sirup till it is thick enough to crystallize; to
      approach or reach the state of granulation; -- with the
      preposition off. [Local, U.S.]

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Sugar \Sug"ar\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Sugared}; p. pr. & vb. n.
      {Sugaring}.]
      1. To impregnate, season, cover, or sprinkle with sugar; to
            mix sugar with. [bd]When I sugar my liquor.[b8] --G.
            Eliot.
  
      2. To cover with soft words; to disguise by flattery; to
            compliment; to sweeten; as, to sugar reproof.
  
                     With devotion's visage And pious action we do sugar
                     o'er The devil himself.                     --Shak.

From The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (15Feb98) [foldoc]:
   SUGAR
  
      A simple {lazy functional language} designed at {Westfield
      College}, University of London, UK and used in Principles of
      Functional Programming, Hugh Glaser et al, P-H 1984.
  
      (1994-12-01)
  
  
No guarantee of accuracy or completeness!
©TU Chemnitz, 2006-2020
Your feedback:
Ad partners


Sprachreisen.org