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stone
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English Dictionary: stone by the DICT Development Group
7 results for stone
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:
stone
adj
  1. of any of various dull tannish or grey colors
n
  1. a lump or mass of hard consolidated mineral matter; "he threw a rock at me"
    Synonym(s): rock, stone
  2. building material consisting of a piece of rock hewn in a definite shape for a special purpose; "he wanted a special stone to mark the site"
  3. material consisting of the aggregate of minerals like those making up the Earth's crust; "that mountain is solid rock"; "stone is abundant in New England and there are many quarries"
    Synonym(s): rock, stone
  4. a crystalline rock that can be cut and polished for jewelry; "he had the gem set in a ring for his wife"; "she had jewels made of all the rarest stones"
    Synonym(s): gem, gemstone, stone
  5. an avoirdupois unit used to measure the weight of a human body; equal to 14 pounds; "a heavy chap who must have weighed more than twenty stone"
  6. the hard inner (usually woody) layer of the pericarp of some fruits (as peaches or plums or cherries or olives) that contains the seed; "you should remove the stones from prunes before cooking"
    Synonym(s): stone, pit, endocarp
  7. United States jurist who was named chief justice of the United States Supreme Court in 1941 by Franklin D. Roosevelt (1872-1946)
    Synonym(s): Stone, Harlan Stone, Harlan F. Stone, Harlan Fisk Stone
  8. United States filmmaker (born in 1946)
    Synonym(s): Stone, Oliver Stone
  9. United States feminist and suffragist (1818-1893)
    Synonym(s): Stone, Lucy Stone
  10. United States journalist who advocated liberal causes (1907-1989)
    Synonym(s): Stone, I. F. Stone, Isidor Feinstein Stone
  11. United States jurist who served on the United States Supreme Court as chief justice (1872-1946)
    Synonym(s): Stone, Harlan Fiske Stone
  12. United States architect (1902-1978)
    Synonym(s): Stone, Edward Durell Stone
  13. a lack of feeling or expression or movement; "he must have a heart of stone"; "her face was as hard as stone"
v
  1. kill by throwing stones at; "People wanted to stone the woman who had a child out of wedlock"
    Synonym(s): stone, lapidate
  2. remove the pits from; "pit plums and cherries"
    Synonym(s): pit, stone
From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Stone \Stone\, n. [OE. ston, stan, AS. st[be]n; akin to OS. &
      OFries. st[c7]n, D. steen, G. stein, Icel. steinn, Sw. sten,
      Dan. steen, Goth. stains, Russ. stiena a wall, Gr. [?], [?],
      a pebble. [fb]167. Cf. {Steen}.]
      1. Concreted earthy or mineral matter; also, any particular
            mass of such matter; as, a house built of stone; the boy
            threw a stone; pebbles are rounded stones. [bd]Dumb as a
            stone.[b8] --Chaucer.
  
                     They had brick for stone, and slime . . . for
                     mortar.                                             --Gen. xi. 3.
  
      Note: In popular language, very large masses of stone are
               called rocks; small masses are called stones; and the
               finer kinds, gravel, or sand, or grains of sand. Stone
               is much and widely used in the construction of
               buildings of all kinds, for walls, fences, piers,
               abutments, arches, monuments, sculpture, and the like.
  
      2. A precious stone; a gem. [bd]Many a rich stone.[b8]
            --Chaucer. [bd]Inestimable stones, unvalued jewels.[b8]
            --Shak.
  
      3. Something made of stone. Specifically:
            (a) The glass of a mirror; a mirror. [Obs.]
  
                           Lend me a looking-glass; If that her breath will
                           mist or stain the stone, Why, then she lives.
                                                                              --Shak.
            (b) A monument to the dead; a gravestone. --Gray.
  
                           Should some relenting eye Glance on the where
                           our cold relics lie.                     --Pope.
  
      4. (Med.) A calculous concretion, especially one in the
            kidneys or bladder; the disease arising from a calculus.
  
      5. One of the testes; a testicle. --Shak.
  
      6. (Bot.) The hard endocarp of drupes; as, the stone of a
            cherry or peach. See Illust. of {Endocarp}.
  
      7. A weight which legally is fourteen pounds, but in practice
            varies with the article weighed. [Eng.]
  
      Note: The stone of butchers' meat or fish is reckoned at 8
               lbs.; of cheese, 16 lbs.; of hemp, 32 lbs.; of glass, 5
               lbs.
  
      8. Fig.: Symbol of hardness and insensibility; torpidness;
            insensibility; as, a heart of stone.
  
                     I have not yet forgot myself to stone. --Pope.
  
      9. (Print.) A stand or table with a smooth, flat top of
            stone, commonly marble, on which to arrange the pages of a
            book, newspaper, etc., before printing; -- called also
            {imposing stone}.
  
      Note: Stone is used adjectively or in composition with other
               words to denote made of stone, containing a stone or
               stones, employed on stone, or, more generally, of or
               pertaining to stone or stones; as, stone fruit, or
               stone-fruit; stone-hammer, or stone hammer; stone
               falcon, or stone-falcon. Compounded with some
               adjectives it denotes a degree of the quality expressed
               by the adjective equal to that possessed by a stone;
               as, stone-dead, stone-blind, stone-cold, stone-still,
               etc.
  
      {Atlantic stone}, ivory. [Obs.] [bd]Citron tables, or
            Atlantic stone.[b8] --Milton.
  
      {Bowing stone}. Same as {Cromlech}. --Encyc. Brit.
  
      {Meteoric stones}, stones which fall from the atmosphere, as
            after the explosion of a meteor.
  
      {Philosopher's stone}. See under {Philosopher}.
  
      {Rocking stone}. See {Rocking-stone}.
  
      {Stone age}, a supposed prehistoric age of the world when
            stone and bone were habitually used as the materials for
            weapons and tools; -- called also {flint age}. The {bronze
            age} succeeded to this.
  
      {Stone bass} (Zo[94]l.), any one of several species of marine
            food fishes of the genus {Serranus} and allied genera, as
            {Serranus Couchii}, and {Polyprion cernium} of Europe; --
            called also {sea perch}.
  
      {Stone biter} (Zo[94]l.), the wolf fish.
  
      {Stone boiling}, a method of boiling water or milk by
            dropping hot stones into it, -- in use among savages.
            --Tylor.
  
      {Stone borer} (Zo[94]l.), any animal that bores stones;
            especially, one of certain bivalve mollusks which burrow
            in limestone. See {Lithodomus}, and {Saxicava}.
  
      {Stone bramble} (Bot.), a European trailing species of
            bramble ({Rubus saxatilis}).
  
      {Stone-break}. [Cf. G. steinbrech.] (Bot.) Any plant of the
            genus {Saxifraga}; saxifrage.
  
      {Stone bruise}, a sore spot on the bottom of the foot, from a
            bruise by a stone.
  
      {Stone canal}. (Zo[94]l.) Same as {Sand canal}, under {Sand}.
           
  
      {Stone cat} (Zo[94]l.), any one of several species of small
            fresh-water North American catfishes of the genus
            {Noturus}. They have sharp pectoral spines with which they
            inflict painful wounds.
  
      {Stone coal}, hard coal; mineral coal; anthracite coal.
  
      {Stone coral} (Zo[94]l.), any hard calcareous coral.
  
      {Stone crab}. (Zo[94]l.)
            (a) A large crab ({Menippe mercenaria}) found on the
                  southern coast of the United States and much used as
                  food.
            (b) A European spider crab ({Lithodes maia}).
  
      {Stone crawfish} (Zo[94]l.), a European crawfish ({Astacus
            torrentium}), by many writers considered only a variety of
            the common species ({A. fluviatilis}).
  
      {Stone curlew}. (Zo[94]l.)
            (a) A large plover found in Europe ({Edicnemus
                  crepitans}). It frequents stony places. Called also
                  {thick-kneed plover} or {bustard}, and {thick-knee}.
            (b) The whimbrel. [Prov. Eng.]
            (c) The willet. [Local, U.S.]
  
      {Stone crush}. Same as {Stone bruise}, above.
  
      {Stone eater}. (Zo[94]l.) Same as {Stone borer}, above.
  
      {Stone falcon} (Zo[94]l.), the merlin.
  
      {Stone fern} (Bot.), a European fern ({Asplenium Ceterach})
            which grows on rocks and walls.
  
      {Stone fly} (Zo[94]l.), any one of many species of
            pseudoneuropterous insects of the genus {Perla} and allied
            genera; a perlid. They are often used by anglers for bait.
            The larv[91] are aquatic.
  
      {Stone fruit} (Bot.), any fruit with a stony endocarp; a
            drupe, as a peach, plum, or cherry.
  
      {Stone grig} (Zo[94]l.), the mud lamprey, or pride.
  
      {Stone hammer}, a hammer formed with a face at one end, and a
            thick, blunt edge, parallel with the handle, at the other,
            -- used for breaking stone.
  
      {Stone hawk} (Zo[94]l.), the merlin; -- so called from its
            habit of sitting on bare stones.
  
      {Stone jar}, a jar made of stoneware.
  
      {Stone lily} (Paleon.), a fossil crinoid.
  
      {Stone lugger}. (Zo[94]l.) See {Stone roller}, below.
  
      {Stone marten} (Zo[94]l.), a European marten ({Mustela
            foina}) allied to the pine marten, but having a white
            throat; -- called also {beech marten}.
  
      {Stone mason}, a mason who works or builds in stone.
  
      {Stone-mortar} (Mil.), a kind of large mortar formerly used
            in sieges for throwing a mass of small stones short
            distances.
  
      {Stone oil}, rock oil, petroleum.
  
      {Stone parsley} (Bot.), an umbelliferous plant ({Seseli
            Labanotis}). See under {Parsley}.
  
      {Stone pine}. (Bot.) A nut pine. See the Note under {Pine},
            and {Pi[a4]on}.
  
      {Stone pit}, a quarry where stones are dug.
  
      {Stone pitch}, hard, inspissated pitch.
  
      {Stone plover}. (Zo[94]l.)
            (a) The European stone curlew.
            (b) Any one of several species of Asiatic plovers of the
                  genus {Esacus}; as, the large stone plover ({E.
                  recurvirostris}).
            (c) The gray or black-bellied plover. [Prov. Eng.]
            (d) The ringed plover.
            (e) The bar-tailed godwit. [Prov. Eng.] Also applied to
                  other species of limicoline birds.
  
      {Stone roller}. (Zo[94]l.)
            (a) An American fresh-water fish ({Catostomus nigricans})
                  of the Sucker family. Its color is yellowish olive,
                  often with dark blotches. Called also {stone lugger},
                  {stone toter}, {hog sucker}, {hog mullet}.
            (b) A common American cyprinoid fish ({Campostoma
                  anomalum}); -- called also {stone lugger}.
  
      {Stone's cast}, [or] {Stone's throw}, the distance to which a
            stone may be thrown by the hand.
  
      {Stone snipe} (Zo[94]l.), the greater yellowlegs, or tattler.
            [Local, U.S.]
  
      {Stone toter}. (Zo[94]l.)
            (a) See {Stone roller}
            (a), above.
            (b) A cyprinoid fish ({Exoglossum maxillingua}) found in
                  the rivers from Virginia to New York. It has a
                  three-lobed lower lip; -- called also {cutlips}.
  
      {To leave no stone unturned}, to do everything that can be
            done; to use all practicable means to effect an object.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Stone \Stone\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Stoned}; p. pr. & vb. n.
      {Stoning}.] [From {Stone}, n.: cf. AS. st[?]nan, Goth.
      stainjan.]
      1. To pelt, beat, or kill with stones.
  
                     And they stoned Stephen, calling upon God, and
                     saying, Lord Jesus, receive my spirit. --Acts vii.
                                                                              59.
  
      2. To make like stone; to harden.
  
                     O perjured woman! thou dost stone my heart. --Shak.
  
      3. To free from stones; also, to remove the seeds of; as, to
            stone a field; to stone cherries; to stone raisins.
  
      4. To wall or face with stones; to line or fortify with
            stones; as, to stone a well; to stone a cellar.
  
      5. To rub, scour, or sharpen with a stone.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Perch \Perch\ (p[etil]rch), n. [Written also {pearch}.] [OE.
      perche, F. perche, L. perca, fr. Gr. pe`rkh; cf. perkno`s
      dark-colored, Skr. p[rsdot][cced]ni spotted, speckled, and E.
      freckle.] (Zo[94]l.)
      1. Any fresh-water fish of the genus Perca and of several
            other allied genera of the family {Percid[91]}, as the
            common American or yellow perch ({Perca flavescens, [or]
            Americana}), and the European perch ({P. fluviatilis}).
  
      2. Any one of numerous species of spiny-finned fishes
            belonging to the {Percid[91]}, {Serranid[91]}, and related
            families, and resembling, more or less, the true perches.
  
      {Black perch}.
            (a) The black bass.
            (b) The flasher.
            (c) The sea bass.
  
      {Blue perch}, the cunner.
  
      {Gray perch}, the fresh-water drum.
  
      {Red perch}, the rosefish.
  
      {Red-bellied perch}, the long-eared pondfish.
  
      {Perch pest}, a small crustacean, parasitic in the mouth of
            the perch.
  
      {Silver perch}, the yellowtail.
  
      {Stone}, [or] {Striped}, {perch}, the pope.
  
      {White perch}, the {Roccus, [or] Morone, Americanus}, a small
            silvery serranoid market fish of the Atlantic coast.

From U.S. Gazetteer (1990) [gazetteer]:
   Stone, ID
      Zip code(s): 83280
   Stone, KY
      Zip code(s): 41567

From The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (15Feb98) [foldoc]:
   STONE
  
      A Structured and Open Environment: a project supported by the
      German Ministry of Research and Technology (BMFT) to design,
      implement and distribute a SEE for research and teaching.
  
  

From Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary [easton]:
   Stone
      Stones were commonly used for buildings, also as memorials of
      important events (Gen. 28:18; Josh. 24:26, 27; 1 Sam. 7:12,
      etc.). They were gathered out of cultivated fields (Isa. 5:2;
      comp. 2 Kings 3:19). This word is also used figuratively of
      believers (1 Pet. 2:4, 5), and of the Messiah (Ps. 118:22; Isa.
      28:16; Matt. 21:42; Acts 4:11, etc.). In Dan. 2:45 it refers
      also to the Messiah. He is there described as "cut out of the
      mountain." (See {ROCK}.)
     
         A "heart of stone" denotes great insensibility (1 Sam. 25:37).
     
         Stones were set up to commemorate remarkable events, as by
      Jacob at Bethel (Gen. 28:18), at Padan-aram (35:4), and on the
      occasion of parting with Laban (31:45-47); by Joshua at the
      place on the banks of the Jordan where the people first "lodged"
      after crossing the river (Josh. 6:8), and also in "the midst of
      Jordan," where he erected another set of twelve stones (4:1-9);
      and by Samuel at "Ebenezer" (1 Sam. 7:12).
     
No guarantee of accuracy or completeness!
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