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myrrh
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English Dictionary: myrrh by the DICT Development Group
3 results for myrrh
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:
myrrh
n
  1. aromatic resin that is burned as incense and used in perfume
    Synonym(s): myrrh, gum myrrh, sweet cicely
From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Myrrh \Myrrh\, n. [OE. mirre, OF. mirre, F. myrrhe, L. myrrha,
      murra, Gr. [?]; cf. Ar. murr bitter, also myrrh, Heb. mar
      bitter.]
      A gum resin, usually of a yellowish brown or amber color, of
      an aromatic odor, and a bitter, slightly pungent taste. It is
      valued for its odor and for its medicinal properties. It
      exudes from the bark of a shrub of Abyssinia and Arabia, the
      {Balsamodendron Myrrha}. The myrrh of the Bible is supposed
      to have been partly the gum above named, and partly the
      exudation of species of {Cistus}, or rockrose.
  
      {False myrrh}. See the Note under {Bdellium}.

From Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary [easton]:
   Myrrh
      Heb. mor. (1.) First mentioned as a principal ingredient in the
      holy anointing oil (Ex. 30:23). It formed part of the gifts
      brought by the wise men from the east, who came to worship the
      infant Jesus (Matt. 2:11). It was used in embalming (John
      19:39), also as a perfume (Esther 2:12; Ps. 45:8; Prov. 7:17).
      It was a custom of the Jews to give those who were condemned to
      death by crucifixion "wine mingled with myrrh" to produce
      insensibility. This drugged wine was probably partaken of by the
      two malefactors, but when the Roman soldiers pressed it upon
      Jesus "he received it not" (Mark 15:23). (See {GALL}.)
     
         This was the gum or viscid white liquid which flows from a
      tree resembling the acacia, found in Africa and Arabia, the
      Balsamodendron myrrha of botanists. The "bundle of myrrh" in
      Cant. 1:13 is rather a "bag" of myrrh or a scent-bag.
     
         (2.) Another word _lot_ is also translated "myrrh" (Gen.
      37:25; 43:11; R.V., marg., "or ladanum"). What was meant by this
      word is uncertain. It has been thought to be the chestnut,
      mastich, stacte, balsam, turpentine, pistachio nut, or the
      lotus. It is probably correctly rendered by the Latin word
      ladanum, the Arabic ladan, an aromatic juice of a shrub called
      the Cistus or rock rose, which has the same qualities, though in
      a slight degree, of opium, whence a decoction of opium is called
      laudanum. This plant was indigenous to Syria and Arabia.
     
No guarantee of accuracy or completeness!
©TU Chemnitz, 2006-2021
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