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English Dictionary: murex by the DICT Development Group
1 result for murex
From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Venus \Ve"nus\, n. [L. Venus, -eris, the goddess of love, the
      planet Venus.]
      1. (Class. Myth.) The goddess of beauty and love, that is,
            beauty or love deified.
  
      2. (Anat.) One of the planets, the second in order from the
            sun, its orbit lying between that of Mercury and that of
            the Earth, at a mean distance from the sun of about
            67,000,000 miles. Its diameter is 7,700 miles, and its
            sidereal period 224.7 days. As the morning star, it was
            called by the ancients {Lucifer}; as the evening star,
            {Hesperus}.
  
      3. (Alchem.) The metal copper; -- probably so designated from
            the ancient use of the metal in making mirrors, a mirror
            being still the astronomical symbol of the planet Venus.
            [Archaic]
  
      4. (Zo[94]l.) Any one of numerous species of marine bivalve
            shells of the genus {Venus} or family {Venerid[91]}. Many
            of these shells are large, and ornamented with beautiful
            frills; others are smooth, glossy, and handsomely colored.
            Some of the larger species, as the round clam, or quahog,
            are valued for food.
  
      {Venus's basin} (Bot.), the wild teasel; -- so called because
            the connate leaf bases form a kind of receptacle for
            water, which was formerly gathered for use in the toilet.
            Also called {Venus's bath}.
  
      {Venus's basket} (Zo[94]l.), an elegant, cornucopia-shaped,
            hexactinellid sponge ({Euplectella speciosa}) native of
            the East Indies. It consists of glassy, transparent,
            siliceous fibers interwoven and soldered together so as to
            form a firm network, and has long, slender, divergent
            anchoring fibers at the base by means of which it stands
            erect in the soft mud at the bottom of the sea. Called
            also {Venus's flower basket}, and {Venus's purse}.
  
      {Venus's comb}.
            (a) (Bot.) Same as {Lady's comb}.
            (b) (Zo[94]l.) A species of {Murex} ({M. tenuispinus}). It
                  has a long, tubular canal, with a row of long, slender
                  spines along both of its borders, and rows of similar
                  spines covering the body of the shell. Called also
                  {Venus's shell}.
  
      {Venus's fan} (Zo[94]l.), a common reticulated, fanshaped
            gorgonia ({Gorgonia flabellum}) native of Florida and the
            West Indies. When fresh the color is purple or yellow, or
            a mixture of the two.
  
      {Venus's flytrap}. (Bot.) See {Flytrap}, 2.
  
      {Venus's girdle} (Zo[94]l.), a long, flat, ribbonlike, very
            delicate, transparent and iridescent ctenophore ({Cestum
            Veneris}) which swims in the open sea. Its form is due to
            the enormous development of two spheromeres. See Illust.
            in Appendix.
  
      {Venus's hair} (Bot.), a delicate and graceful fern
            ({Adiantum Capillus-Veneris}) having a slender, black and
            shining stem and branches.
  
      {Venus's hair stone} (Min.), quartz penetrated by acicular
            crystals of rutile.
  
      {Venus's looking-glass} (Bot.), an annual plant of the genus
            {Specularia} allied to the bellflower; -- also called
            {lady's looking-glass}.
  
      {Venus's navelwort} (Bot.), any one of several species of
            {Omphalodes}, low boraginaceous herbs with small blue or
            white flowers.
  
      {Venus's pride} (Bot.), an old name for Quaker ladies. See
            under {Quaker}.
  
      {Venus's purse}. (Zo[94]l.) Same as {Venus's basket}, above.
           
  
      {Venus's shell}. (Zo[94]l.)
            (a) Any species of Cypr[91]a; a cowrie.
            (b) Same as {Venus's comb}, above.
            (c) Same as {Venus}, 4.
  
      {Venus's slipper}.
            (a) (Bot.) Any plant of the genus {Cypripedium}. See
                  {Lady's slipper}.
            (b) (Zo[94]l.) Any heteropod shell of the genus
                  {Carinaria}. See {Carinaria}.
No guarantee of accuracy or completeness!
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