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English Dictionary: gall by the DICT Development Group
8 results for gall
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:
gall
n
  1. an open sore on the back of a horse caused by ill-fitting or badly adjusted saddle
    Synonym(s): saddle sore, gall
  2. a skin sore caused by chafing
  3. abnormal swelling of plant tissue caused by insects or microorganisms or injury
  4. a feeling of deep and bitter anger and ill-will
    Synonym(s): resentment, bitterness, gall, rancor, rancour
  5. a digestive juice secreted by the liver and stored in the gallbladder; aids in the digestion of fats
    Synonym(s): bile, gall
  6. the trait of being rude and impertinent; inclined to take liberties
    Synonym(s): crust, gall, impertinence, impudence, insolence, cheekiness, freshness
v
  1. become or make sore by or as if by rubbing [syn: chafe, gall, fret]
  2. irritate or vex; "It galls me that we lost the suit"
    Synonym(s): gall, irk
From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Gall \Gall\, v. t. (Dyeing)
      To impregnate with a decoction of gallnuts. --Ure.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Gall \Gall\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Galled}; p. pr. & vb. n.
      {Galling}.] [OE. gallen; cf. F. galer to scratch, rub, gale
      scurf, scab, G. galle a disease in horses' feet, an
      excrescence under the tongue of horses; of uncertain origin.
      Cf. {Gall} gallnut.]
      1. To fret and wear away by friction; to hurt or break the
            skin of by rubbing; to chafe; to injure the surface of by
            attrition; as, a saddle galls the back of a horse; to gall
            a mast or a cable.
  
                     I am loth to gall a new-healed wound. --Shak.
  
      2. To fret; to vex; as, to be galled by sarcasm.
  
                     They that are most galled with my folly, They most
                     must laugh.                                       --Shak.
  
      3. To injure; to harass; to annoy; as, the troops were galled
            by the shot of the enemy.
  
                     In our wars against the French of old, we used to
                     gall them with our longbows, at a greater distance
                     than they could shoot their arrows.   --Addison.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Gall \Gall\, n. [F. galle, noix de galle, fr. L. galla.]
      (Zo[94]l.)
      An excrescence of any form produced on any part of a plant by
      insects or their larvae. They are most commonly caused by
      small Hymenoptera and Diptera which puncture the bark and lay
      their eggs in the wounds. The larvae live within the galls.
      Some galls are due to aphids, mites, etc. See {Gallnut}.
  
      Note: The galls, or gallnuts, of commerce are produced by
               insects of the genus {Cynips}, chiefly on an oak
               ({Quercus infectoria [or] Lusitanica}) of Western Asia
               and Southern Europe. They contain much tannin, and are
               used in the manufacture of that article and for making
               ink and a black dye, as well as in medicine.
  
      {Gall insect} (Zo[94]l.), any insect that produces galls.
  
      {Gall midge} (Zo[94]l.), any small dipterous insect that
            produces galls.
  
      {Gall oak}, the oak ({Quercus infectoria}) which yields the
            galls of commerce.
  
      {Gall of glass}, the neutral salt skimmed off from the
            surface of melted crown glass;- called also {glass gall}
            and {sandiver}. --Ure.
  
      {Gall wasp}. (Zo[94]l.) See {Gallfly}.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Gall \Gall\, n.[OE. galle, gal, AS. gealla; akin to D. gal, OS.
      & OHG. galla, Icel. gall, SW. galla, Dan. galde, L. fel, Gr.
      [?], and prob. to E. yellow. [?] See {Yellow}, and cf.
      {Choler}]
      1. (Physiol.) The bitter, alkaline, viscid fluid found in the
            gall bladder, beneath the liver. It consists of the
            secretion of the liver, or bile, mixed with that of the
            mucous membrane of the gall bladder.
  
      2. The gall bladder.
  
      3. Anything extremely bitter; bitterness; rancor.
  
                     He hath . . . compassed me with gall and travail.
                                                                              --Lam. iii. 5.
  
                     Comedy diverted without gall.            --Dryden.
  
      4. Impudence; brazen assurance. [Slang]
  
      {Gall bladder} (Anat.), the membranous sac, in which the
            bile, or gall, is stored up, as secreted by the liver; the
            cholecystis. See Illust. of Digestive apparatus.
  
      {Gall duct}, a duct which conveys bile, as the cystic duct,
            or the hepatic duct.
  
      {Gall sickness}, a remitting bilious fever in the
            Netherlands. --Dunglison.
  
      {Gall of the earth} (Bot.), an herbaceous composite plant
            with variously lobed and cleft leaves, usually the
            {Prenanthes serpentaria}.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Gall \Gall\, v. i.
      To scoff; to jeer. [R.] --Shak.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Gall \Gall\, n.
      A wound in the skin made by rubbing.

From Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary [easton]:
   Gall
      (1) Heb. mererah, meaning "bitterness" (Job 16:13); i.e., the
      bile secreted in the liver. This word is also used of the poison
      of asps (20:14), and of the vitals, the seat of life (25).
     
         (2.) Heb. rosh. In Deut. 32:33 and Job 20:16 it denotes the
      poison of serpents. In Hos. 10:4 the Hebrew word is rendered
      "hemlock." The original probably denotes some bitter, poisonous
      plant, most probably the poppy, which grows up quickly, and is
      therefore coupled with wormwood (Deut. 29:18; Jer. 9:15; Lam.
      3:19). Comp. Jer. 8:14; 23:15, "water of gall," Gesenius, "poppy
      juice;" others, "water of hemlock," "bitter water."
     
         (3.) Gr. chole (Matt. 27:34), the LXX. translation of the
      Hebrew _rosh_ in Ps. 69; 21, which foretells our Lord's
      sufferings. The drink offered to our Lord was vinegar (made of
      light wine rendered acid, the common drink of Roman soldiers)
      "mingled with gall," or, according to Mark (15:23), "mingled
      with myrrh;" both expressions meaning the same thing, namely,
      that the vinegar was made bitter by the infusion of wormwood or
      some other bitter substance, usually given, according to a
      merciful custom, as an anodyne to those who were crucified, to
      render them insensible to pain. Our Lord, knowing this, refuses
      to drink it. He would take nothing to cloud his faculties or
      blunt the pain of dying. He chooses to suffer every element of
      woe in the bitter cup of agony given him by the Father (John
      18:11).
     
No guarantee of accuracy or completeness!
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