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fallacies
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English Dictionary: fallacies by the DICT Development Group
1 result for fallacies
From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Fallacy \Fal"la*cy\, n.; pl. {Fallacies}. [OE. fallace, fallas,
      deception, F. fallace, fr. L. fallacia, fr. fallax deceitful,
      deceptive, fr. fallere to deceive. See {Fail}.]
      1. Deceptive or false appearance; deceitfulness; that which
            misleads the eye or the mind; deception.
  
                     Winning by conquest what the first man lost, By
                     fallacy surprised.                              --Milton.
  
      2. (Logic) An argument, or apparent argument, which professes
            to be decisive of the matter at issue, while in reality it
            is not; a sophism.
  
      Syn: Deception; deceit; mistake.
  
      Usage: {Fallacy}, {Sophistry}. A fallacy is an argument which
                  professes to be decisive, but in reality is not;
                  sophistry is also false reasoning, but of so specious
                  and subtle a kind as to render it difficult to expose
                  its fallacy. Many fallacies are obvious, but the evil
                  of sophistry lies in its consummate art. [bd]Men are
                  apt to suffer their minds to be misled by fallacies
                  which gratify their passions. Many persons have
                  obscured and confounded the nature of things by their
                  wretched sophistry; though an act be never so sinful,
                  they will strip it of its guilt.[b8] --South.
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