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English Dictionary: extract by the DICT Development Group
3 results for extract
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:
extract
n
  1. a solution obtained by steeping or soaking a substance (usually in water)
    Synonym(s): infusion, extract
  2. a passage selected from a larger work; "he presented excerpts from William James' philosophical writings"
    Synonym(s): excerpt, excerption, extract, selection
v
  1. remove, usually with some force or effort; also used in an abstract sense; "pull weeds"; "extract a bad tooth"; "take out a splinter"; "extract information from the telegram"
    Synonym(s): extract, pull out, pull, pull up, take out, draw out
  2. get despite difficulties or obstacles; "I extracted a promise from the Dean for two new positions"
  3. deduce (a principle) or construe (a meaning); "We drew out some interesting linguistic data from the native informant"
    Synonym(s): educe, evoke, elicit, extract, draw out
  4. extract by the process of distillation; "distill the essence of this compound"
    Synonym(s): distill, extract, distil
  5. separate (a metal) from an ore
  6. obtain from a substance, as by mechanical action; "Italians express coffee rather than filter it"
    Synonym(s): press out, express, extract
  7. take out of a literary work in order to cite or copy
    Synonym(s): excerpt, extract, take out
  8. calculate the root of a number
From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Extract \Ex*tract"\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Extracted}; p. pr. &
      vb. n. {Extracting}.] [L. extractus, p. p. of extrahere to
      extract; ex out + trahere to draw. See {Trace}, and cf.
      {Estreat}.]
      1. To draw out or forth; to pull out; to remove forcibly from
            a fixed position, as by traction or suction, etc.; as, to
            extract a tooth from its socket, a stump from the earth, a
            splinter from the finger.
  
                     The bee Sits on the bloom extracting liquid sweet.
                                                                              --Milton.
  
      2. To withdraw by expression, distillation, or other
            mechanical or chemical process; as, to extract an essence.
            Cf. {Abstract}, v. t., 6.
  
                     Sunbeams may be extracted from cucumbers, but the
                     process is tedious.
  
      3. To take by selection; to choose out; to cite or quote, as
            a passage from a book.
  
                     I have extracted out of that pamphlet a few
                     notorious falsehoods.                        --Swift.
  
      {To extract the root} (Math.), to ascertain the root of a
            number or quantity.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Extract \Ex"tract`\, n.
      1. That which is extracted or drawn out.
  
      2. A portion of a book or document, separately transcribed; a
            citation; a quotation.
  
      3. A decoction, solution, or infusion made by drawing out
            from any substance that which gives it its essential and
            characteristic virtue; essence; as, extract of beef;
            extract of dandelion; also, any substance so extracted,
            and characteristic of that from which it is obtained; as,
            quinine is the most important extract of Peruvian bark.
  
      4. (Med.) A solid preparation obtained by evaporating a
            solution of a drug, etc., or the fresh juice of a plant;
            -- distinguished from an abstract. See {Abstract}, n., 4.
  
      5. (Old Chem.) A peculiar principle once erroneously supposed
            to form the basis of all vegetable extracts; -- called
            also the {extractive principle}. [Obs.]
  
      6. Extraction; descent. [Obs.] --South.
  
      7. (Scots Law) A draught or copy of writing; certified copy
            of the proceedings in an action and the judgement therein,
            with an order for execution. --Tomlins.
  
      {Fluid extract} (Med.), a concentrated liquid preparation,
            containing a definite proportion of the active principles
            of a medicinal substance. At present a fluid gram of
            extract should represent a gram of the crude drug.
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