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consonant
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English Dictionary: consonant by the DICT Development Group
4 results for consonant
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:
consonant
adj
  1. involving or characterized by harmony [syn: consonant, harmonic, harmonical, harmonized, harmonised]
  2. in keeping; "salaries agreeable with current trends"; "plans conformable with your wishes"; "expressed views concordant with his background"
    Synonym(s): accordant, agreeable, conformable, consonant, concordant
n
  1. a speech sound that is not a vowel [ant: vowel, {vowel sound}]
  2. a letter of the alphabet standing for a spoken consonant
From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Open \O"pen\, a. [AS. open; akin to D. open, OS. opan, G. offan,
      Icel. opinn, Sw. [94]ppen, Dan. aaben, and perh. to E. up.
      Cf. {Up}, and {Ope}.]
      1. Free of access; not shut up; not closed; affording
            unobstructed ingress or egress; not impeding or preventing
            passage; not locked up or covered over; -- applied to
            passageways; as, an open door, window, road, etc.; also,
            to inclosed structures or objects; as, open houses, boxes,
            baskets, bottles, etc.; also, to means of communication or
            approach by water or land; as, an open harbor or
            roadstead.
  
                     Through the gate, Wide open and unquarded, Satan
                     passed.                                             --Milton
  
      Note: Also, figuratively, used of the ways of communication
               of the mind, as by the senses; ready to hear, see,
               etc.; as, to keep one's eyes and ears open.
  
                        His ears are open unto their cry.   --Ps. xxxiv.
                                                                              15.
  
      2. Free to be used, enjoyed, visited, or the like; not
            private; public; unrestricted in use; as, an open library,
            museum, court, or other assembly; liable to the approach,
            trespass, or attack of any one; unprotected; exposed.
  
                     If Demetrius . . . have a matter against any man,
                     the law is open and there are deputies. --Acts xix.
                                                                              33.
  
                     The service that I truly did his life, Hath left me
                     open to all injuries.                        --Shak.
  
      3. Free or cleared of obstruction to progress or to view;
            accessible; as, an open tract; the open sea.
  
      4. Not drawn together, closed, or contracted; extended;
            expanded; as, an open hand; open arms; an open flower; an
            open prospect.
  
                     Each, with open arms, embraced her chosen knight.
                                                                              --Dryden.
  
      5. Hence:
            (a) Without reserve or false pretense; sincere;
                  characterized by sincerity; unfeigned; frank; also,
                  generous; liberal; bounteous; -- applied to personal
                  appearance, or character, and to the expression of
                  thought and feeling, etc.
  
                           With aspect open, shall erect his head. --Pope.
  
                           The Moor is of a free and open nature. --Shak.
  
                           The French are always open, familiar, and
                           talkative.                                    --Addison.
            (b) Not concealed or secret; not hidden or disguised;
                  exposed to view or to knowledge; revealed; apparent;
                  as, open schemes or plans; open shame or guilt.
  
                           His thefts are too open.               --Shak.
  
                           That I may find him, and with secret gaze Or
                           open admiration him behold.         --Milton.
  
      6. Not of a quality to prevent communication, as by closing
            water ways, blocking roads, etc.; hence, not frosty or
            inclement; mild; -- used of the weather or the climate;
            as, an open season; an open winter. --Bacon.
  
      7. Not settled or adjusted; not decided or determined; not
            closed or withdrawn from consideration; as, an open
            account; an open question; to keep an offer or opportunity
            open.
  
      8. Free; disengaged; unappropriated; as, to keep a day open
            for any purpose; to be open for an engagement.
  
      9. (Phon.)
            (a) Uttered with a relatively wide opening of the
                  articulating organs; -- said of vowels; as, the [84]n
                  f[84]r is open as compared with the [be] in s[be]y.
            (b) Uttered, as a consonant, with the oral passage simply
                  narrowed without closure, as in uttering s.
  
      10. (Mus.)
            (a) Not closed or stopped with the finger; -- said of the
                  string of an instrument, as of a violin, when it is
                  allowed to vibrate throughout its whole length.
            (b) Produced by an open string; as, an open tone.
  
      {The open air}, the air out of doors.
  
      {Open chain}. (Chem.) See {Closed chain}, under {Chain}.
  
      {Open circuit} (Elec.), a conducting circuit which is
            incomplete, or interrupted at some point; -- opposed to an
            uninterrupted, or {closed circuit}.
  
      {Open communion}, communion in the Lord's supper not
            restricted to persons who have been baptized by immersion.
            Cf. {Close communion}, under {Close}, a.
  
      {Open diapason} (Mus.), a certain stop in an organ, in which
            the pipes or tubes are formed like the mouthpiece of a
            flageolet at the end where the wind enters, and are open
            at the other end.
  
      {Open flank} (Fort.), the part of the flank covered by the
            orillon.
  
      {Open-front furnace} (Metal.), a blast furnace having a
            forehearth.
  
      {Open harmony} (Mus.), harmony the tones of which are widely
            dispersed, or separated by wide intervals.
  
      {Open hawse} (Naut.), a hawse in which the cables are
            parallel or slightly divergent. Cf. {Foul hawse}, under
            {Hawse}.
  
      {Open hearth} (Metal.), the shallow hearth of a reverberatory
            furnace.
  
      {Open-hearth furnace}, a reverberatory furnace; esp., a kind
            of reverberatory furnace in which the fuel is gas, used in
            manufacturing steel.
  
      {Open-hearth process} (Steel Manuf.), a process by which
            melted cast iron is converted into steel by the addition
            of wrought iron, or iron ore and manganese, and by
            exposure to heat in an open-hearth furnace; -- also called
            the {Siemens-Martin process}, from the inventors.
  
      {Open-hearth steel}, steel made by an open-hearth process; --
            also called {Siemens-Martin steel}.
  
      {Open newel}. (Arch.) See {Hollow newel}, under {Hollow}.
  
      {Open pipe} (Mus.), a pipe open at the top. It has a pitch
            about an octave higher than a closed pipe of the same
            length.
  
      {Open-timber roof} (Arch.), a roof of which the
            constructional parts, together with the under side of the
            covering, or its lining, are treated ornamentally, and
            left to form the ceiling of an apartment below, as in a
            church, a public hall, and the like.
  
      {Open vowel} [or] {consonant}. See {Open}, a., 9.
  
      Note: Open is used in many compounds, most of which are
               self-explaining; as, open-breasted, open-minded.
  
      Syn: Unclosed; uncovered; unprotected; exposed; plain;
               apparent; obvious; evident; public; unreserved; frank;
               sincere; undissembling; artless. See {Candid}, and
               {Ingenuous}.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Consonant \Con"so*nant\, a. [L. consonans, -antis; p. pr. of
      consonare to sound at the same time, agree; con- + sonare to
      sound: cf. F. consonnant. See {Sound} to make a noise.]
      1. Having agreement; congruous; consistent; according; --
            usually followed by with or to.
  
                     Each one pretends that his opinion . . . is
                     consonant to the words there used.      --Bp.
                                                                              Beveridge.
  
                     That where much is given there shall be much
                     required is a thing consonant with natural equity.
                                                                              --Dr. H. More.
  
      2. Having like sounds.
  
                     Consonant words and syllables.            --Howell.
  
      3. (Mus.) harmonizing together; accordant; as, consonant
            tones, consonant chords.
  
      4. Of or pertaining to consonants; made up of, or containing
            many, consonants.
  
                     No Russian whose dissonant consonant name Almost
                     shatters to fragments the trumpet of fame. --T.
                                                                              Moore.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Consonant \Con"so*nant\, n. [L. consonans, -antis.]
      An articulate sound which in utterance is usually combined
      and sounded with an open sound called a vowel; a member of
      the spoken alphabet other than a vowel; also, a letter or
      character representing such a sound.
  
      Note: Consonants are divided into various classes, as mutes,
               spirants, sibilants, nasals, semivowels, etc. All of
               them are sounds uttered through a closer position of
               the organs than that of a vowel proper, although the
               most open of them, as the semivowels and nasals, are
               capable of being used as if vowels, and forming
               syllables with other closer consonants, as in the
               English feeble (-b'l), taken (-k'n). All the consonants
               excepting the mutes may be indefinitely, prolonged in
               utterance without the help of a vowel, and even the
               mutes may be produced with an aspirate instead of a
               vocal explosion. Vowels and consonants may be regarded
               as the two poles in the scale of sounds produced by
               gradual approximation of the organ, of speech from the
               most open to the closest positions, the vowel being
               more open, the consonant closer; but there is a
               territory between them where the sounds produced
               partake of the qualities of both.
  
      Note: [bd]A consonant is the result of audible friction,
               squeezing, or stopping of the breath in some part of
               the mouth (or occasionally of the throath.) The main
               distinction between vowels and consonants is, that
               while in the former the mouth configuration merely
               modifies the vocalized breath, which is therefore an
               essential element of the vowels, in consonants the
               narrowing or stopping of the oral passage is the
               foundation of the sound, and the state of the glottis
               is something secondary.[b8] --H. Sweet.
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