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English Dictionary: arithmetic by the DICT Development Group
4 results for arithmetic
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:
  1. relating to or involving arithmetic; "arithmetical computations"
    Synonym(s): arithmetical, arithmetic
  1. the branch of pure mathematics dealing with the theory of numerical calculations
From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Sexagesimal \Sex`a*ges"i*mal\, a. [Cf. F. sexag[82]simal.]
      Pertaining to, or founded on, the number sixty.
      {Sexagesimal fractions} [or] {numbers} (Arith. & Alg.), those
            fractions whose denominators are some power of sixty; as,
            [frac1x60], [frac1x3600], [frac1x216000]; -- called also
            {astronomical fractions}, because formerly there were no
            others used in astronomical calculations.
      {Sexagesimal}, [or] {Sexagenary}, {arithmetic}, the method of
            computing by the sexagenary scale, or by sixties.
      {Sexagesimal scale} (Math.), the sexagenary scale.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Arithmetic \A*rith"me*tic\, n. [OE. arsmetike, OF. arismetique,
      L. arithmetica, fr. Gr. [?] (sc. [?]), fr. [?] arithmetical,
      fr. [?] to number, fr. [?] number, prob. fr. same root as E.
      arm, the idea of counting coming from that of fitting,
      attaching. See {Arm}. The modern Eng. and French forms are
      accommodated to the Greek.]
      1. The science of numbers; the art of computation by figures.
      2. A book containing the principles of this science.
      {Arithmetic of sines}, trigonometry.
      {Political arithmetic}, the application of the science of
            numbers to problems in civil government, political
            economy, and social science.
      {Universal arithmetic}, the name given by Sir Isaac Newton to

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Mathematics \Math`e*mat"ics\, n. [F. math[82]matiques, pl., L.
      mathematica, sing., Gr. [?] (sc. [?]) science. See
      {Mathematic}, and {-ics}.]
      That science, or class of sciences, which treats of the exact
      relations existing between quantities or magnitudes, and of
      the methods by which, in accordance with these relations,
      quantities sought are deducible from other quantities known
      or supposed; the science of spatial and quantitative
      Note: Mathematics embraces three departments, namely: 1.
               {Arithmetic}. 2. {Geometry}, including {Trigonometry}
               and {Conic Sections}. 3. {Analysis}, in which letters
               are used, including {Algebra}, {Analytical Geometry},
               and {Calculus}. Each of these divisions is divided into
               pure or abstract, which considers magnitude or quantity
               abstractly, without relation to matter; and mixed or
               applied, which treats of magnitude as subsisting in
               material bodies, and is consequently interwoven with
               physical considerations.
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