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English Dictionary: absolute by the DICT Development Group
3 results for absolute
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:
absolute
adj
  1. perfect or complete or pure; "absolute loyalty"; "absolute silence"; "absolute truth"; "absolute alcohol"
    Antonym(s): comparative, relative
  2. complete and without restriction or qualification; sometimes used informally as intensifiers; "absolute freedom"; "an absolute dimwit"; "a downright lie"; "out-and-out mayhem"; "an out-and-out lie"; "a rank outsider"; "many right-down vices"; "got the job through sheer persistence"; "sheer stupidity"
    Synonym(s): absolute, downright, out-and-out(a), rank(a), right-down, sheer(a)
  3. not limited by law; "an absolute monarch"
  4. expressing finality with no implication of possible change; "an absolute guarantee to respect the nation's authority"
  5. not capable of being violated or infringed; "infrangible human rights"
    Synonym(s): absolute, infrangible, inviolable
n
  1. something that is conceived or that exists independently and not in relation to other things; something that does not depend on anything else and is beyond human control; something that is not relative; "no mortal being can influence the absolute"
From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Absolute \Ab"so*lute\, a. [L. absolutus, p. p. of absolvere: cf.
      F. absolu. See {Absolve}.]
      1. Loosed from any limitation or condition; uncontrolled;
            unrestricted; unconditional; as, absolute authority,
            monarchy, sovereignty, an absolute promise or command;
            absolute power; an absolute monarch.
  
      2. Complete in itself; perfect; consummate; faultless; as,
            absolute perfection; absolute beauty.
  
                     So absolute she seems, And in herself complete.
                                                                              --Milton.
  
      3. Viewed apart from modifying influences or without
            comparison with other objects; actual; real; -- opposed to
            {relative} and {comparative}; as, absolute motion;
            absolute time or space.
  
      Note: Absolute rights and duties are such as pertain to man
               in a state of nature as contradistinguished from
               relative rights and duties, or such as pertain to him
               in his social relations.
  
      4. Loosed from, or unconnected by, dependence on any other
            being; self-existent; self-sufficing.
  
      Note: In this sense God is called the Absolute by the Theist.
               The term is also applied by the Pantheist to the
               universe, or the total of all existence, as only
               capable of relations in its parts to each other and to
               the whole, and as dependent for its existence and its
               phenomena on its mutually depending forces and their
               laws.
  
      5. Capable of being thought or conceived by itself alone;
            unconditioned; non-relative.
  
      Note: It is in dispute among philosopher whether the term, in
               this sense, is not applied to a mere logical fiction or
               abstraction, or whether the absolute, as thus defined,
               can be known, as a reality, by the human intellect.
  
                        To Cusa we can indeed articulately trace, word
                        and thing, the recent philosophy of the absolute.
                                                                              --Sir W.
                                                                              Hamilton.
  
      6. Positive; clear; certain; not doubtful. [R.]
  
                     I am absolute 't was very Cloten.      --Shak.
  
      7. Authoritative; peremptory. [R.]
  
                     The peddler stopped, and tapped her on the head,
                     With absolute forefinger, brown and ringed. --Mrs.
                                                                              Browning.
  
      8. (Chem.) Pure; unmixed; as, absolute alcohol.
  
      9. (Gram.) Not immediately dependent on the other parts of
            the sentence in government; as, the case absolute. See
            {Ablative absolute}, under {Ablative}.
  
      {Absolute curvature} (Geom.), that curvature of a curve of
            double curvature, which is measured in the osculating
            plane of the curve.
  
      {Absolute equation} (Astron.), the sum of the optic and
            eccentric equations.
  
      {Absolute space} (Physics), space considered without relation
            to material limits or objects.
  
      {Absolute terms}. (Alg.), such as are known, or which do not
            contain the unknown quantity. --Davies & Peck.
  
      {Absolute temperature} (Physics), the temperature as measured
            on a scale determined by certain general thermo-dynamic
            principles, and reckoned from the absolute zero.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Absolute \Ab"so*lute\, n. (Geom.)
      In a plane, the two imaginary circular points at infinity; in
      space of three dimensions, the imaginary circle at infinity.
No guarantee of accuracy or completeness!
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