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Vanadium
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English Dictionary: Vanadium by the DICT Development Group
4 results for Vanadium
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:
vanadium
n
  1. a soft silvery white toxic metallic element used in steel alloys; it occurs in several complex minerals including carnotite and vanadinite
    Synonym(s): vanadium, V, atomic number 23
From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Vanadium \Va*na"di*um\, n. [NL., fr. Icel. Vanad[c6]s, a surname
      of the Scandinavian goddess Freya.] (Chem.)
      A rare element of the nitrogen-phosphorus group, found
      combined, in vanadates, in certain minerals, and reduced as
      an infusible, grayish-white metallic powder. It is
      intermediate between the metals and the non-metals, having
      both basic and acid properties. Symbol V (or Vd, rarely).
      Atomic weight 51.2.

From U.S. Gazetteer (1990) [gazetteer]:
   Vanadium, NM
      Zip code(s): 88023

From The Elements (22Oct97) [elements]:
   vanadium
   Symbol: V
   Atomic number: 23
   Atomic weight: 50.9415
   Soft and ductile, bright white metal. Good resistance to corrosion by
   alkalis, sulphuric and hydrochloric acid. It oxidizes readily about
   933K. There are two naturally occurring isotopes of vanadium, and 5
   radioisotopes, V-49 having the longest half-life at 337 days. Vanadium
   has nuclear applications, the foil is used in cladding titanium to steel,
   and vanadium-gallium tape is used to produce a superconductive magnet.
   Originally discovered by Andres Manuel del Rio of Mexico City in 1801.
   His discovery went unheeded, however, and in 1820, Nils Gabriel Sefstron
   of Sweden rediscovered it. Metallic vanadium was isolated by Henry Enfield
   Roscoe in 1867. The name vanadium comes from {Vanadis}, a goddess of
   Scandinavian mythology. Silvery-white metallic transition element.
   Vanadium is essential to {ascidian}s. Rats and chickens are also known
   to require it. Metal powder is a fire hazard, and vanadium compounds
   should be considered highly toxic. May cause lung cancer if inhaled.
  
  
No guarantee of accuracy or completeness!
©TU Chemnitz, 2006-2020
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