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English Dictionary: On by the DICT Development Group
17 results for On
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:
on
adv
  1. with a forward motion; "we drove along admiring the view"; "the horse trotted along at a steady pace"; "the circus traveled on to the next city"; "move along"; "march on"
    Synonym(s): along, on
  2. indicates continuity or persistence or concentration; "his spirit lives on"; "shall I read on?"
  3. in a state required for something to function or be effective; "turn the lights on"; "get a load on"
adj
  1. in operation or operational; "left the oven on"; "the switch is in the on position"
    Antonym(s): off
  2. (of events) planned or scheduled; "the picnic is on, rain or shine"; "we have nothing on for Friday night"
    Antonym(s): cancelled, off
From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
  
  
            Now strike your saile, ye jolly mariners, For we be come
            unto a quiet rode [road].                           --Spenser.
  
      {On}, [or] {Upon}, {the road}, traveling or passing over a
            road; coming or going; on the way.
  
                     My hat and wig will soon be here, They are upon the
                     road.                                                --Cowper.
  
      {Road agent}, a highwayman, especially on the stage routes of
            the unsettled western parts of the United States; -- a
            humorous euphemism. [Western U.S.]
  
                     The highway robber -- road agent he is quaintly
                     called.                                             --The century.
  
      {Road book}, a quidebook in respect to roads and distances.
           
  
      {Road metal}, the broken, stone used in macadamizing roads.
           
  
      {Road roller}, a heavy roller, or combinations of rollers,
            for making earth, macadam, or concrete roads smooth and
            compact. -- often driven by steam.
  
      {Road runner} (Zo[94]l.), the chaparral cock.
  
      {Road steamer}, a locomotive engine adapted to running on
            common roads.
  
      {To go on the road}, to engage in the business of a
            commercial traveler. [Colloq.]
  
      {To take the road}, to begin or engage in traveling.
  
      {To take to the road}, to engage in robbery upon the
            highways.
  
      Syn: Way; highway; street; lane; pathway; route; passage;
               course. See {Way}.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Rub \Rub\, v. i.
      1. To move along the surface of a body with pressure; to
            grate; as, a wheel rubs against the gatepost.
  
      2. To fret; to chafe; as, to rub upon a sore.
  
      3. To move or pass with difficulty; as, to rub through woods,
            as huntsmen; to rub through the world.
  
      {To rub along} or {on}, to go on with difficulty; as, they
            manage, with strict economy, to rub along. [Colloq.]

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
  
            (b) To decline in condition; as, to run down in health.
  
      {To run down a coast}, to sail along it.
  
      {To run for an office}, to stand as a candidate for an
            office.
  
      {To run in} [or] {into}.
            (a) To enter; to step in.
            (b) To come in collision with.
  
      {To run in trust}, to run in debt; to get credit. [Obs.]
  
      {To run in with}.
            (a) To close; to comply; to agree with. [R.] --T. Baker.
            (b) (Naut.) To make toward; to near; to sail close to; as,
                  to run in with the land.
  
      {To run mad}, {To run mad after} [or] {on}. See under {Mad}.
           
  
      {To run on}.
            (a) To be continued; as, their accounts had run on for a
                  year or two without a settlement.
            (b) To talk incessantly.
            (c) To continue a course.
            (d) To press with jokes or ridicule; to abuse with
                  sarcasm; to bear hard on.
            (e) (Print.) To be continued in the same lines, without
                  making a break or beginning a new paragraph.
  
      {To run out}.
            (a) To come to an end; to expire; as, the lease runs out
                  at Michaelmas.
            (b) To extend; to spread. [bd]Insectile animals . . . run
                  all out into legs.[b8] --Hammond.
            (c) To expatiate; as, to run out into beautiful
                  digressions.
            (d) To be wasted or exhausted; to become poor; to become
                  extinct; as, an estate managed without economy will
                  soon run out.
  
                           And had her stock been less, no doubt She must
                           have long ago run out.                  --Dryden.
  
      {To run over}.
            (a) To overflow; as, a cup runs over, or the liquor runs
                  over.
            (b) To go over, examine, or rehearse cursorily.
            (c) To ride or drive over; as, to run over a child.
  
      {To run riot}, to go to excess.
  
      {To run through}.
            (a) To go through hastily; as to run through a book.
            (b) To spend wastefully; as, to run through an estate.
  
      {To run to seed}, to expend or exhaust vitality in producing
            seed, as a plant; figuratively and colloquially, to cease
            growing; to lose vital force, as the body or mind.
  
      {To run up}, to rise; to swell; to grow; to increase; as,
            accounts of goods credited run up very fast.
  
                     But these, having been untrimmed for many years, had
                     run up into great bushes, or rather dwarf trees.
                                                                              --Sir W.
                                                                              Scott.
  
      {To run with}.
            (a) To be drenched with, so that streams flow; as, the
                  streets ran with blood.
            (b) To flow while charged with some foreign substance.
                  [bd]Its rivers ran with gold.[b8] --J. H. Newman.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Screw \Screw\ (skr[udd]), n. [OE. scrue, OF. escroue, escroe,
      female screw, F. [82]crou, L. scrobis a ditch, trench, in
      LL., the hole made by swine in rooting; cf. D. schroef a
      screw, G. schraube, Icel. skr[umac]fa.]
      1. A cylinder, or a cylindrical perforation, having a
            continuous rib, called the thread, winding round it
            spirally at a constant inclination, so as to leave a
            continuous spiral groove between one turn and the next, --
            used chiefly for producing, when revolved, motion or
            pressure in the direction of its axis, by the sliding of
            the threads of the cylinder in the grooves between the
            threads of the perforation adapted to it, the former being
            distinguished as the external, or male screw, or, more
            usually the screw; the latter as the internal, or female
            screw, or, more usually, the nut.
  
      Note: The screw, as a mechanical power, is a modification of
               the inclined plane, and may be regarded as a
               right-angled triangle wrapped round a cylinder, the
               hypotenuse of the marking the spiral thread of the
               screw, its base equaling the circumference of the
               cylinder, and its height the pitch of the thread.
  
      2. Specifically, a kind of nail with a spiral thread and a
            head with a nick to receive the end of the screw-driver.
            Screws are much used to hold together pieces of wood or to
            fasten something; -- called also {wood screws}, and {screw
            nails}. See also {Screw bolt}, below.
  
      3. Anything shaped or acting like a screw; esp., a form of
            wheel for propelling steam vessels. It is placed at the
            stern, and furnished with blades having helicoidal
            surfaces to act against the water in the manner of a
            screw. See {Screw propeller}, below.
  
      4. A steam vesel propelled by a screw instead of wheels; a
            screw steamer; a propeller.
  
      5. An extortioner; a sharp bargainer; a skinflint; a niggard.
            --Thackeray.
  
      6. An instructor who examines with great or unnecessary
            severity; also, a searching or strict examination of a
            student by an instructor. [Cant, American Colleges]
  
      7. A small packet of tobacco. [Slang] --Mayhew.
  
      8. An unsound or worn-out horse, useful as a hack, and
            commonly of good appearance. --Ld. Lytton.
  
      9. (Math.) A straight line in space with which a definite
            linear magnitude termed the pitch is associated (cf. 5th
            {Pitch}, 10
            (b) ). It is used to express the displacement of a rigid
                  body, which may always be made to consist of a
                  rotation about an axis combined with a translation
                  parallel to that axis.
  
      10. (Zo[94]l.) An amphipod crustacean; as, the skeleton screw
            ({Caprella}). See {Sand screw}, under {Sand}.
  
      {Archimedes screw}, {Compound screw}, {Foot screw}, etc. See
            under {Archimedes}, {Compound}, {Foot}, etc.
  
      {A screw loose}, something out of order, so that work is not
            done smoothly; as, there is a screw loose somewhere. --H.
            Martineau.
  
      {Endless, [or] perpetual, {screw}, a screw used to give
            motion to a toothed wheel by the action of its threads
            between the teeth of the wheel; -- called also a {worm}.
           
  
      {Lag screw}. See under {Lag}.
  
      {Micrometer screw}, a screw with fine threads, used for the
            measurement of very small spaces.
  
      {Right and left screw}, a screw having threads upon the
            opposite ends which wind in opposite directions.
  
      {Screw alley}. See {Shaft alley}, under {Shaft}.
  
      {Screw bean}. (Bot.)
            (a) The curious spirally coiled pod of a leguminous tree
                  ({Prosopis pubescens}) growing from Texas to
                  California. It is used for fodder, and ground into
                  meal by the Indians.
            (b) The tree itself. Its heavy hard wood is used for
                  fuel, for fencing, and for railroad ties.
  
      {Screw bolt}, a bolt having a screw thread on its shank, in
            distinction from a {key bolt}. See 1st {Bolt}, 3.
  
      {Screw box}, a device, resembling a die, for cutting the
            thread on a wooden screw.
  
      {Screw dock}. See under {Dock}.
  
      {Screw engine}, a marine engine for driving a screw
            propeller.
  
      {Screw gear}. See {Spiral gear}, under {Spiral}.
  
      {Screw jack}. Same as {Jackscrew}.
  
      {Screw key}, a wrench for turning a screw or nut; a spanner
            wrench.
  
      {Screw machine}.
            (a) One of a series of machines employed in the
                  manufacture of wood screws.
            (b) A machine tool resembling a lathe, having a number of
                  cutting tools that can be caused to act on the work
                  successively, for making screws and other turned
                  pieces from metal rods.
  
      {Screw pine} (Bot.), any plant of the endogenous genus
            {Pandanus}, of which there are about fifty species,
            natives of tropical lands from Africa to Polynesia; --
            named from the spiral arrangement of the pineapple-like
            leaves.
  
      {Screw plate}, a device for cutting threads on small screws,
            consisting of a thin steel plate having a series of
            perforations with internal screws forming dies.
  
      {Screw press}, a press in which pressure is exerted by means
            of a screw.
  
      {Screw propeller}, a screw or spiral bladed wheel, used in
            the propulsion of steam vessels; also, a steam vessel
            propelled by a screw.
  
      {Screw shell} (Zo[94]l.), a long, slender, spiral gastropod
            shell, especially of the genus Turritella and allied
            genera. See {Turritella}.
  
      {Screw steamer}, a steamship propelled by a screw.
  
      {Screw thread}, the spiral rib which forms a screw.
  
      {Screw stone} (Paleon.), the fossil stem of an encrinite.
  
      {Screw tree} (Bot.), any plant of the genus {Helicteres},
            consisting of about thirty species of tropical shrubs,
            with simple leaves and spirally twisted, five-celled
            capsules; -- also called {twisted-horn}, and {twisty}.
  
      {Screw valve}, a stop valve which is opened or closed by a
            screw.
  
      {Screw worm} (Zo[94]l.), the larva of an American fly
            ({Compsomyia macellaria}), allied to the blowflies, which
            sometimes deposits its eggs in the nostrils, or about
            wounds, in man and other animals, with fatal results.
  
      {Screw wrench}.
            (a) A wrench for turning a screw.
            (b) A wrench with an adjustable jaw that is moved by a
                  screw.
  
      {To put the} {screw, [or] screws}, {on}, to use pressure
            upon, as for the purpose of extortion; to coerce.
  
      {To put under the} {screw [or] screws}, to subject to
            pressure; to force.
  
      {Wood screw}, a metal screw with a sharp thread of coarse
            pitch, adapted to holding fast in wood. See Illust. of
            {Wood screw}, under {Wood}.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   On \On\, prep. [OE. on, an, o, a, AS. on, an; akin to D. aan,
      OS. & G. an, OHG. ana, Icel. [be], Sw. [aring], Goth. ana,
      Russ. na, L. an-, in anhelare to pant, Gr. 'ana`, Zend ana.
      [root]195. Cf. {A-}, 1, {Ana-}, {Anon}.]
      The general signification of on is situation, motion, or
      condition with respect to contact or support beneath; as:
  
      1. At, or in contact with, the surface or upper part of a
            thing, and supported by it; placed or lying in contact
            with the surface; as, the book lies on the table, which
            stands on the floor of a house on an island.
  
                     I stood on the bridge at midnight.      --Longfellow.
  
      2. To or against the surface of; -- used to indicate the
            motion of a thing as coming or falling to the surface of
            another; as, rain falls on the earth.
  
                     Whosoever shall fall on this stone shall be broken.
                                                                              --Matt. xxi.
                                                                              44.
  
      3. Denoting performance or action by contact with the
            surface, upper part, or outside of anything; hence, by
            means of; with; as, to play on a violin or piano. Hence,
            figuratively, to work on one's feelings; to make an
            impression on the mind.
  
      4. At or near; adjacent to; -- indicating situation, place,
            or position; as, on the one hand, on the other hand; the
            fleet is on the American coast.
  
      5. In addition to; besides; -- indicating multiplication or
            succession in a series; as, heaps on heaps; mischief on
            mischief; loss on loss; thought on thought. --Shak.
  
      6. Indicating dependence or reliance; with confidence in; as,
            to depend on a person for assistance; to rely on; hence,
            indicating the ground or support of anything; as, he will
            promise on certain conditions; to bet on a horse.
  
      7. At or in the time of; during; as, on Sunday we abstain
            from labor. See {At} (synonym).
  
      8. At the time of, conveying some notion of cause or motive;
            as, on public occasions, the officers appear in full dress
            or uniform. Hence, in consequence of, or following; as, on
            the ratification of the treaty, the armies were disbanded.
  
      9. Toward; for; -- indicating the object of some passion; as,
            have pity or compassion on him.
  
      10. At the peril of, or for the safety of. [bd]Hence, on thy
            life.[b8] --Dryden.
  
      11. By virtue of; with the pledge of; -- denoting a pledge or
            engagement, and put before the thing pledged; as, he
            affirmed or promised on his word, or on his honor.
  
      12. To the account of; -- denoting imprecation or invocation,
            or coming to, falling, or resting upon; as, on us be all
            the blame; a curse on him.
  
                     His blood be on us and on our children. --Matt.
                                                                              xxvii. 25.
  
      13. In reference or relation to; as, on our part expect
            punctuality; a satire on society.
  
      14. Of. [Obs.] [bd]Be not jealous on me.[b8] --Shak.
  
                     Or have we eaten on the insane root That takes the
                     reason prisoner?                              --Shak.
  
      Note: Instances of this usage are common in our older
               writers, and are sometimes now heard in illiterate
               speech.
  
      15. Occupied with; in the performance of; as, only three
            officers are on duty; on a journey.
  
      16. In the service of; connected with; of the number of; as,
            he is on a newspaper; on a committee.
  
      Note: On and upon are in general interchangeable. In some
               applications upon is more euphonious, and is therefore
               to be preferred; but in most cases on is preferable.
  
      {On a bowline}. (Naut.) Same as {Closehauled}.
  
      {On a wind}, [or] {On the wind} (Naut.), sailing closehauled.
           
  
      {On a sudden}. See under {Sudden}.
  
      {On board}, {On draught}, {On fire}, etc. See under {Board},
            {Draught}, {Fire}, etc.
  
      {On it}, {On't}, of it. [Obs. or Colloq.] --Shak.
  
      {On shore}, on land; to the shore.
  
      {On the road}, {On the way}, {On the wing}, etc. See under
            {Road}, {Way}, etc.
  
      {On to}, upon; on; to; -- sometimes written as one word,
            onto, and usually called a colloquialism; but it may be
            regarded in analogy with into.
  
                     They have added the -en plural form on to an elder
                     plural.                                             --Earle.
  
                     We see the strength of the new movement in the new
                     class of ecclesiastics whom it forced on to the
                     stage.                                                --J. R. Green.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   On \On\, adv. [See {On}, prep.]
      1. Forward, in progression; onward; -- usually with a verb of
            motion; as, move on; go on. [bd]Time glides on.[b8]
            --Macaulay.
  
                     The path is smooth that leadeth on to danger.
                                                                              --Shak.
  
      2. Forward, in succession; as, from father to son, from the
            son to the grandson, and so on.
  
      3. In continuance; without interruption or ceasing; as, sleep
            on, take your ease; say on; sing on.
  
      4. Adhering; not off; as in the phrase, [bd]He is neither on
            nor off,[b8] that is, he is not steady, he is irresolute.
  
      5. Attached to the body, as clothing or ornament, or for use.
            [bd]I have boots on.[b8] --B. Gonson.
  
                     He put on righteousness as a breastplate. --Is. lix.
                                                                              17.
  
      6. In progress; proceeding; as, a game is on.
  
      Note: On is sometimes used as an exclamation, or a command to
               move or proceed, some verb being understood; as, on,
               comrades; that is, go on, move on.
  
      {On and on}, continuously; for a long time together.
            [bd]Toiling on and on and on.[b8] --Longfellow.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Out \Out\, interj.
      Expressing impatience, anger, a desire to be rid of; -- with
      the force of command; go out; begone; away; off.
  
               Out, idle words, servants to shallow fools ! --Shak.
  
      {Out upon} [or] {on!} equivalent to [bd]shame upon![b8]
            [bd]away with![b8] as, out upon you!

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Square \Square\, n. [OF. esquarre, esquierre, F. [82]querre a
      carpenter's square (cf. It. squadra), fr. (assumed) LL.
      exquadrare to make square; L. ex + quadrus a square, fr.
      quattuor four. See {Four}, and cf. {Quadrant}, {Squad},
      {Squer} a square.]
      1. (Geom.)
            (a) The corner, or angle, of a figure. [Obs.]
            (b) A parallelogram having four equal sides and four right
                  angles.
  
      2. Hence, anything which is square, or nearly so; as:
            (a) A square piece or fragment.
  
                           He bolted his food down his capacious throat in
                           squares of three inches.               --Sir W.
                                                                              Scott.
            (b) A pane of glass.
            (c) (Print.) A certain number of lines, forming a portion
                  of a column, nearly square; -- used chiefly in
                  reckoning the prices of advertisements in newspapers.
            (d) (Carp.) One hundred superficial feet.
  
      3. An area of four sides, generally with houses on each side;
            sometimes, a solid block of houses; also, an open place or
            area for public use, as at the meeting or intersection of
            two or more streets.
  
                     The statue of Alexander VII. stands in the large
                     square of the town.                           --Addison.
  
      4. (Mech. & Joinery) An instrument having at least one right
            angle and two or more straight edges, used to lay out or
            test square work. It is of several forms, as the T square,
            the carpenter's square, the try-square., etc.
  
      5. Hence, a pattern or rule. [Obs.]
  
      6. (Arith. & Alg.) The product of a number or quantity
            multiplied by itself; thus, 64 is the square of 8, for 8
            [times] 8 = 64; the square of a + b is a^{2} + 2ab +
            b^{2}.
  
      7. Exact proportion; justness of workmanship and conduct;
            regularity; rule. [Obs.]
  
                     They of Galatia [were] much more out of square.
                                                                              --Hooker.
  
                     I have not kept my square.                  --Shak.
  
      8. (Mil.) A body of troops formed in a square, esp. one
            formed to resist a charge of cavalry; a squadron. [bd]The
            brave squares of war.[b8] --Shak.
  
      9. Fig.: The relation of harmony, or exact agreement;
            equality; level.
  
                     We live not on the square with such as these.
                                                                              --Dryden.
  
      10. (Astrol.) The position of planets distant ninety degrees
            from each other; a quadrate. [Obs.]
  
      11. The act of squaring, or quarreling; a quarrel. [R.]
  
      12. The front of a woman's dress over the bosom, usually
            worked or embroidered. [Obs.] --Shak.
  
      {Geometrical square}. See {Quadrat}, n., 2.
  
      {Hollow square} (Mil.), a formation of troops in the shape of
            a square, each side consisting of four or five ranks, and
            the colors, officers, horses, etc., occupying the middle.
           
  
      {Least square}, {Magic square}, etc. See under {Least},
            {Magic}, etc.
  
      {On the square}, [or] {Upon the square}, in an open, fair
            manner; honestly, or upon honor. [Obs. or Colloq.]
  
      {On}, [or] {Upon}, {the square with}, upon equality with;
            even with. --Nares.
  
      {To be all squares}, to be all settled. [Colloq.] --Dickens.
  
      {To be at square}, to be in a state of quarreling. [Obs.]
            --Nares.
  
      {To break no square}, to give no offense; to make no
            difference. [Obs.]
  
      {To break squares}, to depart from an accustomed order.
  
      {To see how the squares go}, to see how the game proceeds; --
            a phrase taken from the game of chess, the chessboard
            being formed with squares. [Obs.] --L'Estrange.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Spot \Spot\, n. [Cf. Scot. & D. spat, Dan. spette, Sw. spott
      spittle, slaver; from the root of E. spit. See {Spit} to
      eject from the mouth, and cf. {Spatter}.]
      1. A mark on a substance or body made by foreign matter; a
            blot; a place discolored.
  
                     Out, damned spot! Out, I say!            --Shak.
  
      2. A stain on character or reputation; something that soils
            purity; disgrace; reproach; fault; blemish.
  
                     Yet Chloe, sure, was formed without a spot. --Pope.
  
      3. A small part of a different color from the main part, or
            from the ground upon which it is; as, the spots of a
            leopard; the spots on a playing card.
  
      4. A small extent of space; a place; any particular place.
            [bd]Fixed to one spot.[b8] --Otway.
  
                     That spot to which I point is Paradise. --Milton.
  
                     [bd]A jolly place,[b8] said he, [bd]in times of old!
                     But something ails it now: the spot is cursed.[b8]
                                                                              --Wordsworth.
  
      5. (Zo[94]l.) A variety of the common domestic pigeon, so
            called from a spot on its head just above its beak.
  
      6. (Zo[94]l.)
            (a) A sci[91]noid food fish ({Liostomus xanthurus}) of the
                  Atlantic coast of the United States. It has a black
                  spot behind the shoulders and fifteen oblique dark
                  bars on the sides. Called also {goody}, {Lafayette},
                  {masooka}, and {old wife}.
            (b) The southern redfish, or red horse, which has a spot
                  on each side at the base of the tail. See {Redfish}.
  
      7. pl. Commodities, as merchandise and cotton, sold for
            immediate delivery. [Broker's Cant]
  
      {Crescent spot} (Zo[94]l.), any butterfly of the family
            {Melit[91]id[91]} having crescent-shaped white spots along
            the margins of the red or brown wings.
  
      {Spot lens} (Microscopy), a condensing lens in which the
            light is confined to an annular pencil by means of a
            small, round diaphragm (the spot), and used in dark-field
            ilumination; -- called also {spotted lens}.
  
      {Spot rump} (Zo[94]l.), the Hudsonian godwit ({Limosa
            h[91]mastica}).
  
      {Spots on the sun}. (Astron.) See {Sun spot}, ander {Sun}.
  
      {On}, [or] {Upon}, {the spot}, immediately; before moving;
            without changing place.
  
                     It was determined upon the spot.         --Swift.
  
      Syn: Stain; flaw; speck; blot; disgrace; reproach; fault;
               blemish; place; site; locality.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Strength \Strength\, n. [OE. strengthe, AS. streng[edh]u, fr.
      strang strong. See {Strong}.]
      1. The quality or state of being strong; ability to do or to
            bear; capacity for exertion or endurance, whether
            physical, intellectual, or moral; force; vigor; power; as,
            strength of body or of the arm; strength of mind, of
            memory, or of judgment.
  
                     All his [Samson's] strength in his hairs were.
                                                                              --Chaucer.
  
                     Thou must outlive Thy youth, thy strength, thy
                     beauty.                                             --Milton.
  
      2. Power to resist force; solidity or toughness; the quality
            of bodies by which they endure the application of force
            without breaking or yielding; -- in this sense opposed to
            {frangibility}; as, the strength of a bone, of a beam, of
            a wall, a rope, and the like. [bd]The brittle strength of
            bones.[b8] --Milton.
  
      3. Power of resisting attacks; impregnability. [bd]Our
            castle's strength will laugh a siege to scorn.[b8] --Shak.
  
      4. That quality which tends to secure results; effective
            power in an institution or enactment; security; validity;
            legal or moral force; logical conclusiveness; as, the
            strength of social or legal obligations; the strength of
            law; the strength of public opinion; strength of evidence;
            strength of argument.
  
      5. One who, or that which, is regarded as embodying or
            affording force, strength, or firmness; that on which
            confidence or reliance is based; support; security.
  
                     God is our refuge and strength.         --Ps. xlvi. 1.
  
                     What they boded would be a mischief to us, you are
                     providing shall be one of our principal strengths.
                                                                              --Sprat.
  
                     Certainly there is not a greater strength against
                     temptation.                                       --Jer. Taylor.
  
      6. Force as measured; amount, numbers, or power of any body,
            as of an army, a navy, and the like; as, what is the
            strength of the enemy by land, or by sea?
  
      7. Vigor or style; force of expression; nervous diction; --
            said of literary work.
  
                     And praise the easy vigor of a life Where Denham's
                     strength and Waller's sweetness join. --Pope.
  
      8. Intensity; -- said of light or color.
  
                     Bright Ph[d2]bus in his strength.      --Shak.
  
      9. Intensity or degree of the distinguishing and essential
            element; spirit; virtue; excellence; -- said of liquors,
            solutions, etc.; as, the strength of wine or of acids.
  
      10. A strong place; a stronghold. [Obs.] --Shak.
  
      {On}, [or] {Upon}, {the strength of}, in reliance upon.
            [bd]The allies, after a successful summer, are too apt,
            upon the strength of it, to neglect their preparations for
            the ensuing campaign.[b8] --Addison.
  
      Syn: Force; robustness; toughness; hardness; stoutness;
               brawniness; lustiness; firmness; puissance; support;
               spirit; validity; authority. See {Force}.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Penalty \Pe"nal*ty\, n.; pl. {Penalties}. [F. p[82]nalit[82].
      See {Penal}.]
      1. Penal retribution; punishment for crime or offense; the
            suffering in person or property which is annexed by law or
            judicial decision to the commission of a crime, offense,
            or trespass.
  
                     Death is the penalty imposed.            --Milton.
  
      2. The suffering, or the sum to be forfeited, to which a
            person subjects himself by covenant or agreement, in case
            of nonfulfillment of stipulations; forfeiture; fine.
  
                     The penalty and forfeit of my bond.   --Shak.
  
      3. A handicap. [Sporting Cant]
  
      Note: The term penalty is in law mostly applied to a
               pecuniary punishment.
  
      {Bill of pains and penalties}. See under {Bill}.
  
      {On}, [or] {Under}, {penalty of}, on pain of; with exposure
            to the penalty of, in case of transgression.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Peril \Per"il\, n. [F. p[82]ril, fr. L. periculum, periclum,
      akin to peritus experienced, skilled, and E. fare. See
      {Fare}, and cf. {Experience}.]
      Danger; risk; hazard; jeopardy; exposure of person or
      property to injury, loss, or destruction.
  
               In perils of waters, in perils of robbers. --2 Cor. xi.
                                                                              26.
  
               Adventure hard With peril great achieved. --Milton.
  
      {At}, [or] {On}, {one's peril}, with risk or danger to one;
            at the hazard of. [bd]On thy soul's peril.[b8] --Shak.
  
      Syn: Hazard; risk; jeopardy. See {Danger}.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Tail \Tail\, v. t.
      1. To follow or hang to, like a tail; to be attached closely
            to, as that which can not be evaded. [Obs.]
  
                     Nevertheless his bond of two thousand pounds,
                     wherewith he was tailed, continued uncanceled, and
                     was called on the next Parliament.      --Fuller.
  
      2. To pull or draw by the tail. [R.] --Hudibras.
  
      {To tail in} [or] {on} (Arch.), to fasten by one of the ends
            into a wall or some other support; as, to tail in a
            timber.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Tapis \Ta"pis\, n. [F. See {Tapestry}.]
      Tapestry; formerly, the cover of a council table.
  
      {On}, [or] {Upon}, {the tapis}, on the table, or under
            consideration; as, to lay a motion in Parliament on the
            tapis.

From Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary [easton]:
   On
      light; the sun, (Gen. 41:45, 50), the great seat of sun-worship,
      called also Bethshemesh (Jer. 43:13) and Aven (Ezek. 30:17),
      stood on the east bank of the Nile, a few miles north of
      Memphis, and near Cairo, in the north-east. The Vulgate and the
      LXX. Versions have "Heliopolis" ("city of the sun") instead of
      On in Genesis and of Aven in Ezekiel. The "city of destruction"
      Isaiah speaks of (19:18, marg. "of Heres;" Heb. 'Ir-ha-heres,
      which some MSS. read Ir-ha-heres, i.e., "city of the sun") may
      be the name given to On, the prophecy being that the time will
      come when that city which was known as the "city of the sun-god"
      shall become the "city of destruction" of the sun-god, i.e.,
      when idolatry shall cease, and the worship of the true God be
      established.
     
         In ancient times this city was full of obelisks dedicated to
      the sun. Of these only one now remains standing. "Cleopatra's
      Needle" was one of those which stood in this city in front of
      the Temple of Tum, i.e., "the sun." It is now erected on the
      Thames Embankment, London.
     
         "It was at On that Joseph wooed and won the dark-skinned
      Asenath, the daughter of the high priest of its great temple."
      This was a noted university town, and here Moses gained his
      acquaintance with "all the wisdom of the Egyptians."
     

From Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary (late 1800's) [hitchcock]:
   On, pain; force; iniquity
  
No guarantee of accuracy or completeness!
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