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English Dictionary: Chaldea by the DICT Development Group
3 results for Chaldea
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:
  1. an ancient region of Mesopotamia lying between the Euphrates delta and the Persian Gulf and the Arabian Desert; settled in 1000 BC and destroyed by the Persians in 539 BC; reached the height of its power under Nebuchadnezzar II
    Synonym(s): Chaldea, Chaldaea
  2. an ancient kingdom in southern Mesopotamia; Babylonia conquered Israel in the 6th century BC and exiled the Jews to Babylon (where Daniel became a counselor to the king)
    Synonym(s): Babylonia, Chaldaea, Chaldea
From Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary [easton]:
      The southern portion of Babylonia, Lower Mesopotamia, lying
      chiefly on the right bank of the Euphrates, but commonly used of
      the whole of the Mesopotamian plain. The Hebrew name is Kasdim,
      which is usually rendered "Chaldeans" (Jer. 50:10; 51:24,35).
         The country so named is a vast plain formed by the deposits of
      the Euphrates and the Tigris, extending to about 400 miles along
      the course of these rivers, and about 100 miles in average
      breadth. "In former days the vast plains of Babylon were
      nourished by a complicated system of canals and water-courses,
      which spread over the surface of the country like a network. The
      wants of a teeming population were supplied by a rich soil, not
      less bountiful than that on the banks of the Egyptian Nile. Like
      islands rising from a golden sea of waving corn stood frequent
      groves of palm-trees and pleasant gardens, affording to the
      idler or traveller their grateful and highly-valued shade.
      Crowds of passengers hurried along the dusty roads to and from
      the busy city. The land was rich in corn and wine."
         Recent discoveries, more especially in Babylonia, have thrown
      much light on the history of the Hebrew patriarchs, and have
      illustrated or confirmed the Biblical narrative in many points.
      The ancestor of the Hebrew people, Abram, was, we are told, born
      at "Ur of the Chaldees." "Chaldees" is a mistranslation of the
      Hebrew _Kasdim_, Kasdim being the Old Testament name of the
      Babylonians, while the Chaldees were a tribe who lived on the
      shores of the Persian Gulf, and did not become a part of the
      Babylonian population till the time of Hezekiah. Ur was one of
      the oldest and most famous of the Babylonian cities. Its site is
      now called Mugheir, or Mugayyar, on the western bank of the
      Euphrates, in Southern Babylonia. About a century before the
      birth of Abram it was ruled by a powerful dynasty of kings.
      Their conquests extended to Elam on the one side, and to the
      Lebanon on the other. They were followed by a dynasty of princes
      whose capital was Babylon, and who seem to have been of South
      Arabian origin. The founder of the dynasty was Sumu-abi ("Shem
      is my father"). But soon afterwards Babylonia fell under Elamite
      dominion. The kings of Babylon were compelled to acknowledge the
      supremacy of Elam, and a rival kingdom to that of Babylon, and
      governed by Elamites, sprang up at Larsa, not far from Ur, but
      on the opposite bank of the river. In the time of Abram the king
      of Larsa was Eri-Aku, the son of an Elamite prince, and Eri-Aku,
      as has long been recognized, is the Biblical "Arioch king of
      Ellasar" (Gen. 14:1). The contemporaneous king of Babylon in the
      north, in the country termed Shinar in Scripture, was
      Khammu-rabi. (See {BABYLON}; {ABRAHAM}; {AMRAPHEL}.)

From Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary (late 1800's) [hitchcock]:
   Chaldea, as demons, or as robbers
No guarantee of accuracy or completeness!
©TU Chemnitz, 2006-2021
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