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English Dictionary: By by the DICT Development Group
8 results for By
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:
by
adv
  1. so as to pass a given point; "every hour a train goes past"
    Synonym(s): by, past
  2. in reserve; not for immediate use; "started setting aside money to buy a car"; "put something by for her old age"; "has a nest egg tucked away for a rainy day"
    Synonym(s): aside, by, away
From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Virtue \Vir"tue\ (?; 135), n. [OE. vertu, F. vertu, L. virtus
      strength, courage, excellence, virtue, fr. vir a man. See
      {Virile}, and cf. {Virtu}.]
      1. Manly strength or courage; bravery; daring; spirit; valor.
            [Obs.] --Shak.
  
                     Built too strong For force or virtue ever to expugn.
                                                                              --Chapman.
  
      2. Active quality or power; capacity or power adequate to the
            production of a given effect; energy; strength; potency;
            efficacy; as, the virtue of a medicine.
  
                     Jesus, immediately knowing in himself that virtue
                     had gone out of him, turned him about. --Mark v. 30.
  
                     A man was driven to depend for his security against
                     misunderstanding, upon the pure virtue of his
                     syntax.                                             --De Quincey.
  
                     The virtue of his midnight agony.      --Keble.
  
      3. Energy or influence operating without contact of the
            material or sensible substance.
  
                     She moves the body which she doth possess, Yet no
                     part toucheth, but by virtue's touch. --Sir. J.
                                                                              Davies.
  
      4. Excellence; value; merit; meritoriousness; worth.
  
                     I made virtue of necessity.               --Chaucer.
  
                     In the Greek poets, . . . the economy of poems is
                     better observed than in Terence, who thought the
                     sole grace and virtue of their fable the sticking in
                     of sentences.                                    --B. Jonson.
  
      5. Specifically, moral excellence; integrity of character;
            purity of soul; performance of duty.
  
                     Virtue only makes our bliss below.      --Pope.
  
                     If there's Power above us, And that there is all
                     nature cries aloud Through all her works, he must
                     delight in virtue.                              --Addison.
  
      6. A particular moral excellence; as, the virtue of
            temperance, of charity, etc. [bd]The very virtue of
            compassion.[b8] --Shak. [bd]Remember all his virtues.[b8]
            --Addison.
  
      7. Specifically: Chastity; purity; especially, the chastity
            of women; virginity.
  
                     H. I believe the girl has virtue. M. And if she has,
                     I should be the last man in the world to attempt to
                     corrupt it.                                       --Goldsmith.
  
      8. pl. One of the orders of the celestial hierarchy.
  
                     Thrones, dominations, princedoms, virtues, powers.
                                                                              --Milton.
  
      {Cardinal virtues}. See under {Cardinal}, a.
  
      {In}, [or] {By}, {virtue of}, through the force of; by
            authority of. [bd]He used to travel through Greece by
            virtue of this fable, which procured him reception in all
            the towns.[b8] --Addison. [bd]This they shall attain,
            partly in virtue of the promise made by God, and partly in
            virtue of piety.[b8] --Atterbury.
  
      {Theological virtues}, the three virtues, faith, hope, and
            charity. See --1 Cor. xiii. 13.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
  
            (a) To put in order in a particular manner; to prepare;
                  as, to set (that is, to hone) a razor; to set a saw.
  
                           Tables for to sette, and beddes make. --Chaucer.
            (b) To extend and bring into position; to spread; as, to
                  set the sails of a ship.
            (c) To give a pitch to, as a tune; to start by fixing the
                  keynote; as, to set a psalm. --Fielding.
            (d) To reduce from a dislocated or fractured state; to
                  replace; as, to set a broken bone.
            (e) To make to agree with some standard; as, to set a
                  watch or a clock.
            (f) (Masonry) To lower into place and fix solidly, as the
                  blocks of cut stone in a structure.
  
      6. To stake at play; to wager; to risk.
  
                     I have set my life upon a cast, And I will stand the
                     hazard of the die.                              --Shak.
  
      7. To fit with music; to adapt, as words to notes; to prepare
            for singing.
  
                     Set thy own songs, and sing them to thy lute.
                                                                              --Dryden.
  
      8. To determine; to appoint; to assign; to fix; as, to set a
            time for a meeting; to set a price on a horse.
  
      9. To adorn with something infixed or affixed; to stud; to
            variegate with objects placed here and there.
  
                     High on their heads, with jewels richly set, Each
                     lady wore a radiant coronet.               --Dryden.
  
                     Pastoral dales thin set with modern farms.
                                                                              --Wordsworth.
  
      10. To value; to rate; -- with at.
  
                     Be you contented, wearing now the garland, To have
                     a son set your decrees at naught.      --Shak.
  
                     I do not set my life at a pin's fee. --Shak.
  
      11. To point out the seat or position of, as birds, or other
            game; -- said of hunting dogs.
  
      12. To establish as a rule; to furnish; to prescribe; to
            assign; as, to set an example; to set lessons to be
            learned.
  
      13. To suit; to become; as, it sets him ill. [Scot.]
  
      14. (Print.) To compose; to arrange in words, lines, etc.;
            as, to set type; to set a page.
  
      {To set abroach}. See {Abroach}. [Obs.] --Shak.
  
      {To set against}, to oppose; to set in comparison with, or to
            oppose to, as an equivalent in exchange; as, to set one
            thing against another.
  
      {To set agoing}, to cause to move.
  
      {To set apart}, to separate to a particular use; to separate
            from the rest; to reserve.
  
      {To set a saw}, to bend each tooth a little, every alternate
            one being bent to one side, and the intermediate ones to
            the other side, so that the opening made by the saw may be
            a little wider than the thickness of the back, to prevent
            the saw from sticking.
  
      {To set aside}.
            (a) To leave out of account; to pass by; to omit; to
                  neglect; to reject; to annul.
  
                           Setting aside all other considerations, I will
                           endeavor to know the truth, and yield to that.
                                                                              --Tillotson.
            (b) To set apart; to reserve; as, to set aside part of
                  one's income.
            (c) (Law) See under {Aside}.
  
      {To set at defiance}, to defy.
  
      {To set at ease}, to quiet; to tranquilize; as, to set the
            heart at ease.
  
      {To set at naught}, to undervalue; to contemn; to despise.
            [bd]Ye have set at naught all my counsel.[b8] --Prov. i.
            25.
  
      {To set a} {trap, snare, [or] gin}, to put it in a proper
            condition or position to catch prey; hence, to lay a plan
            to deceive and draw another into one's power.
  
      {To set at work}, or {To set to work}.
            (a) To cause to enter on work or action, or to direct how
                  tu enter on work.
            (b) To apply one's self; -- used reflexively.
  
      {To set before}.
            (a) To bring out to view before; to exhibit.
            (b) To propose for choice to; to offer to.
  
      {To set by}.
            (a) To set apart or on one side; to reject.
            (b) To attach the value of (anything) to. [bd]I set not a
                  straw by thy dreamings.[b8] --Chaucer.
  
      {To set by the compass}, to observe and note the bearing or
            situation of by the compass.
  
      {To set case}, to suppose; to assume. Cf. {Put case}, under
            {Put}, v. t. [Obs.] --Chaucer.
  
      {To set down}.
            (a) To enter in writing; to register.
  
                           Some rules were to be set down for the
                           government of the army.               --Clarendon.
            (b) To fix; to establish; to ordain.
  
                           This law we may name eternal, being that order
                           which God . . . hath set down with himself, for
                           himself to do all things by.      --Hooker.
            (c) To humiliate.
  
      {To set eyes on}, to see; to behold; to fasten the eyes on.
           
  
      {To set fire to}, or {To set on fire}, to communicate fire
            to; fig., to inflame; to enkindle the passions of; to
            irritate.
  
      {To set flying} (Naut.), to hook to halyards, sheets, etc.,
            instead of extending with rings or the like on a stay; --
            said of a sail.
  
      {To set forth}.
            (a) To manifest; to offer or present to view; to exhibt;
                  to display.
            (b) To publish; to promulgate; to make appear. --Waller.
            (c) To send out; to prepare and send. [Obs.]
  
                           The Venetian admiral had a fleet of sixty
                           galleys, set forth by the Venetians. --Knolles.
  
      {To set forward}.
            (a) To cause to advance.
            (b) To promote.
  
      {To set free}, to release from confinement, imprisonment, or
            bondage; to liberate; to emancipate.
  
      {To set in}, to put in the way; to begin; to give a start to.
            [Obs.]
  
                     If you please to assist and set me in, I will
                     recollect myself.                              --Collier.
  
      {To set in order}, to adjust or arrange; to reduce to method.
            [bd]The rest will I set in order when I come.[b8] --1 Cor.
            xi. 34.
  
      {To set milk}.
            (a) To expose it in open dishes in order that the cream
                  may rise to the surface.
            (b) To cause it to become curdled as by the action of
                  rennet. See 4
            (e) .
  
      {To set} {much, [or] little}, {by}, to care much, or little,
            for.
  
      {To set of}, to value; to set by. [Obs.] [bd]I set not an haw
            of his proverbs.[b8] --Chaucer.
  
      {To set off}.
            (a) To separate from a whole; to assign to a particular
                  purpose; to portion off; as, to set off a portion of
                  an estate.
            (b) To adorn; to decorate; to embellish.
  
                           They . . . set off the worst faces with the
                           best airs.                                 --Addison.
            (c) To give a flattering description of.
  
      {To set off against}, to place against as an equivalent; as,
            to set off one man's services against another's.
  
      {To set} {on [or] upon}.
            (a) To incite; to instigate. [bd]Thou, traitor, hast set
                  on thy wife to this.[b8] --Shak.
            (b) To employ, as in a task. [bd] Set on thy wife to
                  observe.[b8] --Shak.
            (c) To fix upon; to attach strongly to; as, to set one's
                  heart or affections on some object. See definition 2,
                  above.
  
      {To set one's cap for}. See under {Cap}, n.
  
      {To set one's self against}, to place one's self in a state
            of enmity or opposition to.
  
      {To set one's teeth}, to press them together tightly.
  
      {To set on foot}, to set going; to put in motion; to start.
           
  
      {To set out}.
            (a) To assign; to allot; to mark off; to limit; as, to
                  set out the share of each proprietor or heir of an
                  estate; to set out the widow's thirds.
            (b) To publish, as a proclamation. [Obs.]
            (c) To adorn; to embellish.
  
                           An ugly woman, in rich habit set out with
                           jewels, nothing can become.         --Dryden.
            (d) To raise, equip, and send forth; to furnish. [R.]
  
                           The Venetians pretend they could set out, in
                           case of great necessity, thirty men-of-war.
                                                                              --Addison.
            (e) To show; to display; to recommend; to set off.
  
                           I could set out that best side of Luther.
                                                                              --Atterbury.
            (f) To show; to prove. [R.] [bd]Those very reasons set
                  out how heinous his sin was.[b8] --Atterbury.
            (g) (Law) To recite; to state at large.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   By \By\ (b[imac]), prep. [OE. bi, AS. b[c6], big, near to, by,
      of, from, after, according to; akin to OS. & OFries. bi, be,
      D. bij, OHG. b[c6], G. bei, Goth. bi, and perh. Gr. 'amfi`.
      E. prefix be- is orig. the same word. [root]203. See pref.
      {Be-}.]
      1. In the neighborhood of; near or next to; not far from;
            close to; along with; as, come and sit by me. [1913
            Webster]
  
                     By foundation or by shady rivulet He sought them
                     both.                                                --Milton.
  
      2. On; along; in traversing. Compare 5.
  
                     Long labors both by sea and land he bore. --Dryden.
  
                     By land, by water, they renew the charge. --Pope.
  
      3. Near to, while passing; hence, from one to the other side
            of; past; as, to go by a church.
  
      4. Used in specifying adjacent dimensions; as, a cabin twenty
            feet by forty.
  
      5. Against. [Obs.] --Tyndale [1. Cor. iv. 4].
  
      6. With, as means, way, process, etc.; through means of; with
            aid of; through; through the act or agency of; as, a city
            is destroyed by fire; profit is made by commerce; to take
            by force.
  
      Note: To the meaning of by, as denoting means or agency,
               belong, more or less closely, most of the following
               uses of the word:
            (a) It points out the author and producer; as,
                  [bd]Waverley[b8], a novel by Sir W.Scott; a statue by
                  Canova; a sonata by Beethoven.
            (b) In an oath or adjuration, it indicates the being or
                  thing appealed to as sanction; as, I affirm to you by
                  all that is sacred; he swears by his faith as a
                  Christian; no, by Heaven.
            (c) According to; by direction, authority, or example of;
                  after; -- in such phrases as, it appears by his
                  account; ten o'clock by my watch; to live by rule; a
                  model to build by.
            (d) At the rate of; according to the ratio or proportion
                  of; in the measure or quantity of; as, to sell cloth
                  by the yard, milk by the quart, eggs by the dozen,
                  meat by the pound; to board by the year.
            (e) In comparison, it denotes the measure of excess or
                  deficiency; when anything is increased or diminished,
                  it indicates the measure of increase or diminution;
                  as, larger by a half; older by five years; to lessen
                  by a third.
            (f) It expresses continuance or duration; during the
                  course of; within the period of; as, by day, by night.
            (g) As soon as; not later than; near or at; -- used in
                  expressions of time; as, by this time the sun had
                  risen; he will be here by two o'clock.
  
      Note: In boxing the compass, by indicates a pint nearer to,
               or towards, the next cardinal point; as, north by east,
               i.e., a point towards the east from the north;
               northeast by east, i.e., on point nearer the east than
               northeast is.
  
      Note: With is used instead of by before the instrument with
               which anything is done; as, to beat one with a stick;
               the board was fastened by the carpenter with nails. But
               there are many words which may be regarded as means or
               processes, or, figuratively, as instruments; and
               whether with or by shall be used with them is a matter
               of arbitrary, and often, of unsettled usage; as, to a
               reduce a town by famine; to consume stubble with fire;
               he gained his purpose by flattery; he entertained them
               with a story; he distressed us with or by a recital of
               his sufferings. see {With}.
  
      {By all means}, most assuredly; without fail; certainly.
  
      {By and by}.
            (a) Close together (of place). [Obs.] [bd]Two yonge
                  knightes liggyng [lying] by and by.[b8] --Chaucer.
            (b) Immediately; at once. [Obs.] [bd]When . . .
                  persecution ariseth because of the word, by and by he
                  is offended.[b8] --Matt. xiii. 21.
            (c) Presently; pretty soon; before long.
  
      Note: In this phrase, by seems to be used in the sense of
               nearness in time, and to be repeated for the sake of
               emphasis, and thus to be equivalent to [bd]soon, and
               soon,[b8] that is instantly; hence, -- less
               emphatically, -- pretty soon, presently.
  
      {By one's self}, with only one's self near; alone; solitary.
  
      {By the bye}. See under {Bye}.
  
      {By the head} (Naut.), having the bows lower than the stern;
            -- said of a vessel when her head is lower in the water
            than her stern. If her stern is lower, she is by the
            stern.
  
      {By the lee}, the situation of a vessel, going free, when she
            has fallen off so much as to bring the wind round her
            stern, and to take her sails aback on the other side.
  
      {By the run}, to let go by the run, to let go altogether,
            instead of slacking off.
  
      {By the way}, by the bye; -- used to introduce an incidental
            or secondary remark or subject.
  
      {Day by day}, {One by one}, {Piece by piece}, etc., each day,
            each one, each piece, etc., by itself singly or
            separately; each severally.
  
      {To come by}, to get possession of; to obtain.
  
      {To do by}, to treat, to behave toward.
  
      {To set by}, to value, to esteem.
  
      {To stand by}, to aid, to support.
  
      Note: The common phrase good-by is equivalent to farewell,
               and would be better written good-bye, as it is a
               corruption of God be with you (b'w'ye).

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   By \By\, adv.
      1. Near; in the neighborhood; present; as, there was no
            person by at the time.
  
      2. Passing near; going past; past; beyond; as, the procession
            has gone by; a bird flew by.
  
      3. Aside; as, to lay by; to put by.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   By \By\, a.
      Out of the common path; aside; -- used in composition, giving
      the meaning of something aside, secondary, or incidental, or
      collateral matter, a thing private or avoiding notice; as,
      by-line, by-place, by-play, by-street. It was formerly more
      freely used in composition than it is now; as, by-business,
      by-concernment, by-design, by-interest, etc.

From The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (15Feb98) [foldoc]:
   by
  
      The {country code} for Belarus.
  
      (1999-01-27)
  
  

From Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary [easton]:
   By
      in the expression "by myself" (A.V., 1 Cor. 4:4), means, as
      rendered in the Revised Version, "against myself."
     
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