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brake
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English Dictionary: Brake by the DICT Development Group
5 results for Brake
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:
brake
n
  1. a restraint used to slow or stop a vehicle
  2. any of various ferns of the genus Pteris having pinnately compound leaves and including several popular houseplants
  3. large coarse fern often several feet high; essentially weed ferns; cosmopolitan
    Synonym(s): bracken, pasture brake, brake, Pteridium aquilinum
  4. an area thickly overgrown usually with one kind of plant
  5. anything that slows or hinders a process; "she wan not ready to put the brakes on her life with a marriage"; "new legislation will put the brakes on spending"
v
  1. stop travelling by applying a brake; "We had to brake suddenly when a chicken crossed the road"
  2. cause to stop by applying the brakes; "brake the car before you go into a curve"
From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Brake \Brake\ (br[amac]k), n. [OE. brake; cf. LG. brake an
      instrument for breaking flax, G. breche, fr. the root of E.
      break. See Break, v. t., and cf. {Breach}.]
      1. An instrument or machine to break or bruise the woody part
            of flax or hemp so that it may be separated from the
            fiber.
  
      2. An extended handle by means of which a number of men can
            unite in working a pump, as in a fire engine.
  
      3. A baker's kneading though. --Johnson.
  
      4. A sharp bit or snaffle.
  
                     Pampered jades . . . which need nor break nor bit.
                                                                              --Gascoigne.
  
      5. A frame for confining a refractory horse while the smith
            is shoeing him; also, an inclosure to restrain cattle,
            horses, etc.
  
                     A horse . . . which Philip had bought . . . and
                     because of his fierceness kept him within a brake of
                     iron bars.                                          --J. Brende.
  
      6. That part of a carriage, as of a movable battery, or
            engine, which enables it to turn.
  
      7. (Mil.) An ancient engine of war analogous to the crossbow
            and ballista.
  
      8. (Agric.) A large, heavy harrow for breaking clods after
            plowing; a drag.
  
      9. A piece of mechanism for retarding or stopping motion by
            friction, as of a carriage or railway car, by the pressure
            of rubbers against the wheels, or of clogs or ratchets
            against the track or roadway, or of a pivoted lever
            against a wheel or drum in a machine.
  
      10. (Engin.) An apparatus for testing the power of a steam
            engine, or other motor, by weighing the amount of
            friction that the motor will overcome; a friction brake.
  
      11. A cart or carriage without a body, used in breaking in
            horses.
  
      12. An ancient instrument of torture. --Holinshed.
  
      {Air brake}. See {Air brake}, in the Vocabulary.
  
      {Brake beam} [or] {Brake bar}, the beam that connects the
            brake blocks of opposite wheels.
  
      {Brake block}.
            (a) The part of a brake holding the brake shoe.
            (b) A brake shoe.
  
      {Brake shoe} or {Brake rubber}, the part of a brake against
            which the wheel rubs.
  
      {Brake wheel}, a wheel on the platform or top of a car by
            which brakes are operated.
  
      {Continuous brake} . See under {Continuous}.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Brake \Brake\ (br[amac]k),
      imp. of {Break}. [Arhaic] --Tennyson.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Brake \Brake\, n. [OE. brake fern; cf. AS. bracce fern, LG.
      brake willow bush, Da. bregne fern, G. brach fallow; prob.
      orig. the growth on rough, broken ground, fr. the root of E.
      break. See {Break}, v. t., cf. {Bracken}, and 2d {Brake}, n.]
      1. (Bot.) A fern of the genus {Pteris}, esp. the {P.
            aquilina}, common in almost all countries. It has solitary
            stems dividing into three principal branches. Less
            properly: Any fern.
  
      2. A thicket; a place overgrown with shrubs and brambles,
            with undergrowth and ferns, or with canes.
  
                     Rounds rising hillocks, brakes obscure and rough, To
                     shelter thee from tempest and from rain. --Shak.
  
                     He stayed not for brake, and he stopped not for
                     stone.                                                --Sir W.
                                                                              Scott.
  
      {Cane brake}, a thicket of canes. See {Canebrake}.

From Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) [web1913]:
   Break \Break\, v. t. [imp. {broke}, (Obs. {Brake}); p. p.
      {Broken}, (Obs. {Broke}); p. pr. & vb. n. {Breaking}.] [OE.
      breken, AS. brecan; akin to OS. brekan, D. breken, OHG.
      brehhan, G. brechen, Icel. braka to creak, Sw. braka,
      br[84]kka to crack, Dan. br[91]kke to break, Goth. brikan to
      break, L. frangere. Cf. {Bray} to pound, {Breach},
      {Fragile}.]
      1. To strain apart; to sever by fracture; to divide with
            violence; as, to break a rope or chain; to break a seal;
            to break an axle; to break rocks or coal; to break a lock.
            --Shak.
  
      2. To lay open as by breaking; to divide; as, to break a
            package of goods.
  
      3. To lay open, as a purpose; to disclose, divulge, or
            communicate.
  
                     Katharine, break thy mind to me.         --Shak.
  
      4. To infringe or violate, as an obligation, law, or promise.
  
                     Out, out, hyena! these are thy wonted arts . . . To
                     break all faith, all vows, deceive, betray. --Milton
  
      5. To interrupt; to destroy the continuity of; to dissolve or
            terminate; as, to break silence; to break one's sleep; to
            break one's journey.
  
                     Go, release them, Ariel; My charms I'll break, their
                     senses I'll restore.                           --Shak.
  
      6. To destroy the completeness of; to remove a part from; as,
            to break a set.
  
      7. To destroy the arrangement of; to throw into disorder; to
            pierce; as, the cavalry were not able to break the British
            squares.
  
      8. To shatter to pieces; to reduce to fragments.
  
                     The victim broke in pieces the musical instruments
                     with which he had solaced the hours of captivity.
                                                                              --Prescott.
  
      9. To exchange for other money or currency of smaller
            denomination; as, to break a five dollar bill.
  
      10. To destroy the strength, firmness, or consistency of; as,
            to break flax.
  
      11. To weaken or impair, as health, spirit, or mind.
  
                     An old man, broken with the storms of state.
                                                                              --Shak.
  
      12. To diminish the force of; to lessen the shock of, as a
            fall or blow.
  
                     I'll rather leap down first, and break your fall.
                                                                              --Dryden.
  
      13. To impart, as news or information; to broach; -- with to,
            and often with a modified word implying some reserve; as,
            to break the news gently to the widow; to break a purpose
            cautiously to a friend.
  
      14. To tame; to reduce to subjection; to make tractable; to
            discipline; as, to break a horse to the harness or
            saddle. [bd]To break a colt.[b8] --Spenser.
  
                     Why, then thou canst not break her to the lute?
                                                                              --Shak.
  
      15. To destroy the financial credit of; to make bankrupt; to
            ruin.
  
                     With arts like these rich Matho, when he speaks,
                     Attracts all fees, and little lawyers breaks.
                                                                              --Dryden.
  
      16. To destroy the official character and standing of; to
            cashier; to dismiss.
  
                     I see a great officer broken.            --Swift.
  
      Note: With prepositions or adverbs:
  
      {To break down}.
            (a) To crush; to overwhelm; as, to break down one's
                  strength; to break down opposition.
            (b) To remove, or open a way through, by breaking; as, to
                  break down a door or wall.
  
      {To break in}.
            (a) To force in; as, to break in a door.
            (b) To train; to discipline; as, a horse well broken in.
                 
  
      {To break of}, to rid of; to cause to abandon; as, to break
            one of a habit.
  
      {To break off}.
            (a) To separate by breaking; as, to break off a twig.
            (b) To stop suddenly; to abandon. [bd]Break off thy sins
                  by righteousness.[b8] --Dan. iv. 27.
  
      {To break open}, to open by breaking. [bd]Open the door, or I
            will break it open.[b8] --Shak.
  
      {To break out}, to take or force out by breaking; as, to
            break out a pane of glass.
  
      {To break out a cargo}, to unstow a cargo, so as to unload it
            easily.
  
      {To break through}.
            (a) To make an opening through, as, as by violence or the
                  force of gravity; to pass violently through; as, to
                  break through the enemy's lines; to break through the
                  ice.
            (b) To disregard; as, to break through the ceremony.
  
      {To break up}.
            (a) To separate into parts; to plow (new or fallow
                  ground). [bd]Break up this capon.[b8] --Shak.
                  [bd]Break up your fallow ground.[b8] --Jer. iv. 3.
            (b) To dissolve; to put an end to. [bd]Break up the
                  court.[b8] --Shak.
  
      {To break} (one) {all up}, to unsettle or disconcert
            completely; to upset. [Colloq.]
  
      Note: With an immediate object:
  
      {To break the back}.
            (a) To dislocate the backbone; hence, to disable totally.
            (b) To get through the worst part of; as, to break the
                  back of a difficult undertaking.
  
      {To break bulk}, to destroy the entirety of a load by
            removing a portion of it; to begin to unload; also, to
            transfer in detail, as from boats to cars.
  
      {To break cover}, to burst forth from a protecting
            concealment, as game when hunted.
  
      {To break a deer} [or] {stag}, to cut it up and apportion the
            parts among those entitled to a share.
  
      {To break fast}, to partake of food after abstinence. See
            {Breakfast}.
  
      {To break ground}.
            (a) To open the earth as for planting; to commence
                  excavation, as for building, siege operations, and
                  the like; as, to break ground for a foundation, a
                  canal, or a railroad.
            (b) Fig.: To begin to execute any plan.
            (c) (Naut.) To release the anchor from the bottom.
  
      {To break the heart}, to crush or overwhelm (one) with grief.
           
  
      {To break a house} (Law), to remove or set aside with
            violence and a felonious intent any part of a house or of
            the fastenings provided to secure it.
  
      {To break the ice}, to get through first difficulties; to
            overcome obstacles and make a beginning; to introduce a
            subject.
  
      {To break jail}, to escape from confinement in jail, usually
            by forcible means.
  
      {To break a jest}, to utter a jest. [bd]Patroclus . . . the
            livelong day breaks scurril jests.[b8] --Shak.
  
      {To break joints}, to lay or arrange bricks, shingles, etc.,
            so that the joints in one course shall not coincide with
            those in the preceding course.
  
      {To break a lance}, to engage in a tilt or contest.
  
      {To break the neck}, to dislocate the joints of the neck.
  
      {To break no squares}, to create no trouble. [Obs.]
  
      {To break a path}, {road}, etc., to open a way through
            obstacles by force or labor.
  
      {To break upon a wheel}, to execute or torture, as a criminal
            by stretching him upon a wheel, and breaking his limbs
            with an iron bar; -- a mode of punishment formerly
            employed in some countries.
  
      {To break wind}, to give vent to wind from the anus.
  
      Syn: To dispart; rend; tear; shatter; batter; violate;
               infringe; demolish; destroy; burst; dislocate.
No guarantee of accuracy or completeness!
©TU Chemnitz, 2006-2019
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