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Benin
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English Dictionary: Benin by the DICT Development Group
2 results for Benin
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:
Benin
n
  1. a country on western coast of Africa; formerly under French control
    Synonym(s): Benin, Republic of Benin, Dahomey
From The CIA World Factbook (1995) [world95]:
   Benin
  
   Benin:Geography
  
   Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between
   Nigeria and Togo
  
   Map references: Africa
  
   Area:
   total area: 112,620 sq km
   land area: 110,620 sq km
   comparative area: slightly smaller than Pennsylvania
  
   Land boundaries: total 1,989 km, Burkina 306 km, Niger 266 km, Nigeria
   773 km, Togo 644 km
  
   Coastline: 121 km
  
   Maritime claims:
   territorial sea: 200 nm
  
   International disputes: none
  
   Climate: tropical; hot, humid in south; semiarid in north
  
   Terrain: mostly flat to undulating plain; some hills and low mountains
  
   Natural resources: small offshore oil deposits, limestone, marble,
   timber
  
   Land use:
   arable land: 12%
   permanent crops: 4%
   meadows and pastures: 4%
   forest and woodland: 35%
   other: 45%
  
   Irrigated land: 60 sq km (1989 est.)
  
   Environment:
   current issues: recent droughts have severely affected marginal
   agriculture in north; inadequate supplies of potable water; poaching
   threatens wildlife populations; deforestation; desertification
   natural hazards: hot, dry, dusty harmattan wind may affect north in
   winter
   international agreements: party to - Biodiversity, Climate Change,
   Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Nuclear Test Ban,
   Ozone Layer Protection; signed, but not ratified - Desertification,
   Law of the Sea
  
   Note: no natural harbors
  
   Benin:People
  
   Population: 5,522,677 (July 1995 est.)
  
   Age structure:
   0-14 years: 48% (female 1,324,553; male 1,333,673)
   15-64 years: 49% (female 1,431,630; male 1,299,180)
   65 years and over: 3% (female 74,119; male 59,522) (July 1995 est.)
  
   Population growth rate: 3.33% (1995 est.)
  
   Birth rate: 47.25 births/1,000 population (1995 est.)
  
   Death rate: 13.93 deaths/1,000 population (1995 est.)
  
   Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (1995 est.)
  
   Infant mortality rate: 107.6 deaths/1,000 live births (1995 est.)
  
   Life expectancy at birth:
   total population: 52.24 years
   male: 50.34 years
   female: 54.2 years (1995 est.)
  
   Total fertility rate: 6.72 children born/woman (1995 est.)
  
   Nationality:
   noun: Beninese (singular and plural)
   adjective: Beninese
  
   Ethnic divisions: African 99% (42 ethnic groups, most important being
   Fon, Adja, Yoruba, Bariba), Europeans 5,500
  
   Religions: indigenous beliefs 70%, Muslim 15%, Christian 15%
  
   Languages: French (official), Fon and Yoruba (most common vernaculars
   in south), tribal languages (at least six major ones in north)
  
   Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1990 est.)
   total population: 23%
   male: 32%
   female: 16%
  
   Labor force: 1.9 million (1987)
   by occupation: agriculture 60%, transport, commerce, and public
   services 38%, industry less than 2%
  
   Benin:Government
  
   Names:
   conventional long form: Republic of Benin
   conventional short form: Benin
   local long form: Republique du Benin
   local short form: Benin
   former: Dahomey
  
   Digraph: BN
  
   Type: republic under multiparty democratic rule dropped
   Marxism-Leninism December 1989; democratic reforms adopted February
   1990; transition to multiparty system completed 4 April 1991
  
   Capital: Porto-Novo
  
   Administrative divisions: 6 provinces; Atakora, Atlantique, Borgou,
   Mono, Oueme, Zou
  
   Independence: 1 August 1960 (from France)
  
   National holiday: National Day, 1 August (1990)
  
   Constitution: 2 December 1990
  
   Legal system: based on French civil law and customary law; has not
   accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
  
   Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
  
   Executive branch:
   chief of state and head of government: President Nicephore SOGLO
   (since 4 April 1991); election last held 10 and 24 March 1991 (next
   election 1996); results - Nicephore SOGLO 68%, Mathieu KEREKOU 32%
   cabinet: Executive Council; appointed by the president
  
   Legislative branch: unicameral
   National Assembly (Assemblee Nationale): elections last held 28 March
   1995; results - percent of vote by party NA; seats - (83 total)
   Renaissance Party and allies 20, PRD 19, FARD-ALAFIA 10, PSD 7, NCC 3,
   RDL-VIVOTEN 3, Communist Party 2, Alliance Chameleon 1, RDP 1, ADP 1,
   other 16
  
   Judicial branch: Supreme Court (Cour Supreme)
  
   Political parties and leaders: as of August 1994, 72 political parties
   were officially recognized; the following are among the most
   important: Alliance of the Democratic Union for the Forces of Progress
   (UDFP), Timothee ADANLIN; Movement for Democracy and Social Progress
   (MDPS), Jean-Roger AHOYO; Union for Liberty and Development (ULD),
   Marcellin DEGBE; Alliance of the National Party for Democracy and
   Development (PNDD) and the Democratic Renewal Party (PRD), Pascal
   Chabi KAO; Alliance of the Social Democratic Party (PSD) and the
   National Union for Solidarity and Progress (UNSP), Bruno AMOUSSOU; Our
   Common Cause (NCC), Albert TEVOEDJRE; National Rally for Democracy
   (RND), Joseph KEKE; Alliance of the National Movement for Democracy
   and Development (MNDD), leader NA; Movement for Solidarity, Union, and
   Progress (MSUP), Adebo ADENIYI; Union for Democracy and National
   Reconstruction (UDRN), Azaria FAKOREDE; Union for Democracy and
   National Solidarity (UDS), Mama Amadou N'DIAYE; Assembly of Liberal
   Democrats for National Reconstruction (RDL), Severin ADJOVI; Alliance
   for Social Democracy (ASD), Robert DOSSOU; Bloc for Social Democracy
   (BSD), Michel MAGNIDE; Alliance for Democracy and Progress (ADP),
   Akindes ADEKPEDJOU, and the Democratic Union for Social Renewal
   (UDRS), Bio Gado Seko N'GOYE; National Union for Democracy and
   Progress (UNDP), Robert TAGNON; Party for Progress and Democracy,
   Thiophile NATA; FARD-ALAFIA, Mathieu KEREKOU; The Renaissance Party,
   Nicephore SOGLO; The Patriotic Union for the Republic (UPR),
   Jean-Marie ZAHOUN; Union for the Conservation of Democracy, Bernard
   HOUEGNON
  
   Member of: ACCT, ACP, AfDB, CEAO, ECA, ECOWAS, Entente, FAO, FZ, G-77,
   GATT, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF,
   IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, ITU, NAM, OAU, OIC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO,
   UNIDO, UPU, WADB, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
  
   Diplomatic representation in US:
   chief of mission: Ambassador Lucien Edgar TONOUKOUIN
   chancery: 2737 Cathedral Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
   telephone: [1] (202) 232-6656, 6657, 6658
   FAX: [1] (202) 265-1996
  
   US diplomatic representation:
   chief of mission: Ambassador Ruth A. DAVIS
   embassy: Rue Caporal Bernard Anani, Cotonou
   mailing address: B. P. 2012, Cotonou
   telephone: [229] 30-06-50, 30-05-13, 30-17-92
   FAX: [229] 41-15-22
  
   Flag: two equal horizontal bands of yellow (top) and red with a
   vertical green band on the hoist side
  
   Economy
  
   Overview: The economy of Benin remains underdeveloped and dependent on
   subsistence agriculture, cotton production, and regional trade. Growth
   in real output has averaged a sound 4% in 1991-94 but this rate barely
   exceeds the rapid population growth of 3.3%. Inflation jumped to 35%
   in 1994 (compared to 3% in 1993) following the 50% currency
   devaluation in January. Commercial and transport activities, which
   make up almost 36% of GDP, are extremely vulnerable to developments in
   Nigeria as evidenced by decreased reexport trade in 1994 due to a
   severe contraction in Nigerian demand. The industrial sector accounts
   for less than 10% of GDP and mainly produces foods, beverages, cement,
   and textiles. Support by the Paris Club and official bilateral
   creditors has eased the external debt situation in recent years. The
   government, still burdened with money-losing state enterprises and a
   bloated civil service, is gradually implementing a World Bank
   supported structural adjustment program.
  
   National product: GDP - purchasing power parity - $6.7 billion (1994
   est.)
  
   National product real growth rate: 4% (1994 est.)
  
   National product per capita: $1,260 (1994 est.)
  
   Inflation rate (consumer prices): 35% (1994 est.)
  
   Unemployment rate: NA%
  
   Budget:
   revenues: $272 million (1993 est.)
   expenditures: $375 million, including capital expenditures of $84
   million (1993 est.)
  
   Exports: $332 million (f.o.b., 1993 est.)
   commodities: cotton, crude oil, palm products, cocoa
   partners: FRG 36%, France 16%, Spain 14%, Italy 8%, UK 4%
  
   Imports: $571 million (f.o.b., 1993 est.)
   commodities: foodstuffs, beverages, tobacco, petroleum products,
   intermediate goods, capital goods, light consumer goods
   partners: France 20%, Thailand 8%, Netherlands 7%, US 5%
  
   External debt: $1 billion (December 1990 est.)
  
   Industrial production: growth rate -0.7% (1988); accounts for 10% of
   GDP
  
   Electricity:
   capacity: 30,000 kW
   production: 10 million kWh
   consumption per capita: 25 kWh (1993)
  
   Industries: textiles, cigarettes, construction materials, beverages,
   food, petroleum
  
   Agriculture: accounts for 35% of GDP; small farms produce 90% of
   agricultural output; production is dominated by food crops - corn,
   sorghum, cassava, yams, beans, rice; cash crops include cotton, palm
   oil, peanuts; poultry and livestock output has not kept up with
   consumption
  
   Illicit drugs: transshipment point for narcotics associated with
   Nigerian trafficking organizations and most commonly destined for
   Western Europe and the US
  
   Economic aid:
   recipient: US commitments, including Ex-Im (FY70-89), $46 million;
   Western (non-US) countries, ODA and OOF bilateral commitments
   (1970-89), $1.3 billion; OPEC bilateral aid (1979-89), $19 million;
   Communist countries (1970-89), $101 million
  
   Currency: 1 CFA franc (CFAF) = 100 centimes
  
   Exchange rates: Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (CFAF) per US$1
   - 529.43 (January 1995), 555.20 (1994), 283.16 (1993), 264.69 (1992),
   282.11 (1991), 272.26 (1990)
   note: beginning 12 January 1994 the CFA franc was devalued to CFAF 100
   per French franc from CFAF 50 at which it had been fixed since 1948
  
   Fiscal year: calendar year
  
   Benin:Transportation
  
   Railroads:
   total: 578 km (single track)
   narrow gauge: 578 km 1.000-m gauge
  
   Highways:
   total: 8,435 km
   paved: 1,038 km
   unpaved: crushed stone 2,600 km; improved earth 1,530 km; unimproved
   earth 3,267 km
  
   Inland waterways: navigable along small sections, important only
   locally
  
   Ports: Cotonou, Porto-Novo
  
   Merchant marine: none
  
   Airports:
   total: 7
   with paved runways 2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
   with paved runways 1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
   with unpaved runways 1,524 to 2,438 m: 1
   with unpaved runways 914 to 1,523 m: 4
  
   Benin:Communications
  
   Telephone system: NA telephones; fair system of open wire and
   microwave radio relay
   local: NA
   intercity: microwave radio relay and open wire
   international: 1 Atlantic Ocean INTELSAT earth station, submarine
   cable
  
   Radio:
   broadcast stations: AM 2, FM 2, shortwave 0
   radios: NA
  
   Television:
   broadcast stations: 2
   televisions: NA
  
   Benin:Defense Forces
  
   Branches: Armed Forces (includes Army, Navy, Air Force), National
   Gendarmerie
  
   Manpower availability: males age 15-49 1,165,463; females age 15-49
   1,249,234; males fit for military service 596,956; females fit for
   military service 631,780; males reach military age (18) annually
   60,282 (1995 est.); females reach military age (18) annually 58,770
   (1995 est.)
   note: both sexes are liable for miltary service
  
   Defense expenditures: exchange rate conversion - $33 million, 3.2% of
   GDP (1994)
  
  
  
No guarantee of accuracy or completeness!
©TU Chemnitz, 2006-2019
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