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English Dictionary: Babylon by the DICT Development Group
5 results for Babylon
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:
  1. the chief city of ancient Mesopotamia and capital of the ancient kingdom of Babylonia
From U.S. Gazetteer (1990) [gazetteer]:
   Babylon, NY (village, FIPS 3408)
      Location: 40.69595 N, 73.32715 W
      Population (1990): 12249 (4536 housing units)
      Area: 6.2 sq km (land), 0.9 sq km (water)

From The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (15Feb98) [foldoc]:
      A development environment for {expert system}s.   It includes
      {frame}s, {constraint}s, a {prolog}-like logic formalism, and
      a description language for diagnostic applications.   It
      requires {Common Lisp}.

From Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary [easton]:
      the Greek form of BABEL; Semitic form Babilu, meaning "The Gate
      of God." In the Assyrian tablets it means "The city of the
      dispersion of the tribes." The monumental list of its kings
      reaches back to B.C. 2300, and includes Khammurabi, or Amraphel
      (q.v.), the contemporary of Abraham. It stood on the Euphrates,
      about 200 miles above its junction with the Tigris, which flowed
      through its midst and divided it into two almost equal parts.
      The Elamites invaded Chaldea (i.e., Lower Mesopotamia, or
      Shinar, and Upper Mesopotamia, or Accad, now combined into one)
      and held it in subjection. At length Khammu-rabi delivered it
      from the foreign yoke, and founded the new empire of Chaldea
      (q.v.), making Babylon the capital of the united kingdom. This
      city gradually grew in extent and grandeur, but in process of
      time it became subject to Assyria. On the fall of Nineveh (B.C.
      606) it threw off the Assyrian yoke, and became the capital of
      the growing Babylonian empire. Under Nebuchadnezzar it became
      one of the most splendid cities of the ancient world.
         After passing through various vicissitudes the city was
      occupied by Cyrus, "king of Elam," B.C. 538, who issued a decree
      permitting the Jews to return to their own land (Ezra 1). It
      then ceased to be the capital of an empire. It was again and
      again visited by hostile armies, till its inhabitants were all
      driven from their homes, and the city became a complete
      desolation, its very site being forgotten from among men.
         On the west bank of the Euphrates, about 50 miles south of
      Bagdad, there is found a series of artificial mounds of vast
      extent. These are the ruins of this once famous proud city.
      These ruins are principally (1) the great mound called Babil by
      the Arabs. This was probably the noted Temple of Belus, which
      was a pyramid about 480 feet high. (2) The Kasr (i.e., "the
      palace"). This was the great palace of Nebuchadnezzar. It is
      almost a square, each side of which is about 700 feet long. The
      little town of Hillah, near the site of Babylon, is built almost
      wholly of bricks taken from this single mound. (3) A lofty
      mound, on the summit of which stands a modern tomb called Amran
      ibn-Ali. This is probably the most ancient portion of the
      remains of the city, and represents the ruins of the famous
      hanging-gardens, or perhaps of some royal palace. The utter
      desolation of the city once called "The glory of kingdoms"
      (Isa.13:19) was foretold by the prophets (Isa.13:4-22; Jer.
      25:12; 50:2, 3; Dan. 2:31-38).
         The Babylon mentioned in 1 Pet. 5:13 was not Rome, as some
      have thought, but the literal city of Babylon, which was
      inhabited by many Jews at the time Peter wrote.
         In Rev. 14:8; 16:19; 17:5; and 18:2, "Babylon" is supposed to
      mean Rome, not considered as pagan, but as the prolongation of
      the ancient power in the papal form. Rome, pagan and papal, is
      regarded as one power. "The literal Babylon was the beginner and
      supporter of tyranny and idolatry...This city and its whole
      empire were taken by the Persians under Cyrus; the Persians were
      subdued by the Macedonians, and the Macedonians by the Romans;
      so that Rome succeeded to the power of old Babylon. And it was
      her method to adopt the worship of the false deities she had
      conquered; so that by her own act she became the heiress and
      successor of all the Babylonian idolatry, and of all that was
      introduced into it by the immediate successors of Babylon, and
      consequently of all the idolatry of the earth." Rome, or
      "mystical Babylon," is "that great city which reigneth over the
      kings of the earth" (17:18).

From Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary (late 1800's) [hitchcock]:
   Babylon, same as Babel
No guarantee of accuracy or completeness!
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