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Austria
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English Dictionary: Austria by the DICT Development Group
2 results for Austria
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]:
Austria
n
  1. a mountainous republic in central Europe; under the Habsburgs (1278-1918) Austria maintained control of the Holy Roman Empire and was a leader in European politics until the 19th century
    Synonym(s): Austria, Republic of Austria, Oesterreich
From The CIA World Factbook (1995) [world95]:
   Austria
  
   Austria:Geography
  
   Location: Central Europe, north of Italy
  
   Map references: Europe
  
   Area:
   total area: 83,850 sq km
   land area: 82,730 sq km
   comparative area: slightly smaller than Maine
  
   Land boundaries: total 2,496 km, Czech Republic 362 km, Germany 784
   km, Hungary 366 km, Italy 430 km, Liechtenstein 37 km, Slovakia 91 km,
   Slovenia 262 km, Switzerland 164 km
  
   Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)
  
   Maritime claims: none; landlocked
  
   International disputes: none
  
   Climate: temperate; continental, cloudy; cold winters with frequent
   rain in lowlands and snow in mountains; cool summers with occasional
   showers
  
   Terrain: in the west and south mostly mountains (Alps); along the
   eastern and northern margins mostly flat or gently sloping
  
   Natural resources: iron ore, petroleum, timber, magnesite, aluminum,
   lead, coal, lignite, copper, hydropower
  
   Land use:
   arable land: 17%
   permanent crops: 1%
   meadows and pastures: 24%
   forest and woodland: 39%
   other: 19%
  
   Irrigated land: 40 sq km (1989)
  
   Environment:
   current issues: some forest degradation caused by air and soil
   pollution; soil pollution results from the use of agricultural
   chemicals; air pollution results from emissions by coal- and oil-fired
   power stations and industrial plants and from trucks transiting
   Austria between northern and southern Europe
   natural hazards: NA
   international agreements: party to - Air Pollution, Air
   Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air
   Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity,
   Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification,
   Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship
   Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Wetlands; signed, but not ratified -
   Air Pollution-Sulpher 94, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Law of the
   Sea, Whaling
  
   Note: landlocked; strategic location at the crossroads of central
   Europe with many easily traversable Alpine passes and valleys; major
   river is the Danube; population is concentrated on eastern lowlands
   because of steep slopes, poor soils, and low temperatures elsewhere
  
   Austria:People
  
   Population: 7,986,664 (July 1995 est.)
  
   Age structure:
   0-14 years: 17% (female 681,087; male 711,127)
   15-64 years: 67% (female 2,672,554; male 2,677,100)
   65 years and over: 16% (female 791,762; male 453,034) (July 1995 est.)
  
   Population growth rate: 0.35% (1995 est.)
  
   Birth rate: 11.21 births/1,000 population (1995 est.)
  
   Death rate: 10.27 deaths/1,000 population (1995 est.)
  
   Net migration rate: 2.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (1995 est.)
  
   Infant mortality rate: 6.9 deaths/1,000 live births (1995 est.)
  
   Life expectancy at birth:
   total population: 76.9 years
   male: 73.7 years
   female: 80.27 years (1995 est.)
  
   Total fertility rate: 1.48 children born/woman (1995 est.)
  
   Nationality:
   noun: Austrian(s)
   adjective: Austrian
  
   Ethnic divisions: German 99.4%, Croatian 0.3%, Slovene 0.2%, other
   0.1%
  
   Religions: Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant 6%, other 9%
  
   Languages: German
  
   Literacy: age 15 and over can read and write (1974 est.)
   total population: 99%
  
   Labor force: 3.47 million (1989)
   by occupation: services 56.4%, industry and crafts 35.4%, agriculture
   and forestry 8.1%
   note: an estimated 200,000 Austrians are employed in other European
   countries; foreign laborers in Austria number 177,840, about 5% of
   labor force (1988)
  
   Austria:Government
  
   Names:
   conventional long form: Republic of Austria
   conventional short form: Austria
   local long form: Republik Oesterreich
   local short form: Oesterreich
  
   Digraph: AU
  
   Type: federal republic
  
   Capital: Vienna
  
   Administrative divisions: 9 states (bundeslaender, singular -
   bundesland); Burgenland, Kaernten, Niederoesterreich, Oberoesterreich,
   Salzburg, Steiermark, Tirol, Vorarlberg, Wien
  
   Independence: 12 November 1918 (from Austro-Hungarian Empire)
  
   National holiday: National Day, 26 October (1955)
  
   Constitution: 1920; revised 1929 (reinstated 1 May 1945)
  
   Legal system: civil law system with Roman law origin; judicial review
   of legislative acts by a Constitutional Court; separate administrative
   and civil/penal supreme courts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ
   jurisdiction
  
   Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal; compulsory for presidential
   elections
  
   Executive branch:
   chief of state: President Thomas KLESTIL (since 8 July 1992); election
   last held 24 May 1992 (next to be held 1996); results of second ballot
   - Thomas KLESTIL 57%, Rudolf STREICHER 43%
   head of government: Chancellor Franz VRANITZKY (since 16 June 1986);
   Vice Chancellor Erhard BUSEK (since 2 July 1991)
   cabinet: Council of Ministers; chosen by the president on the advice
   of the chancellor
  
   Legislative branch: bicameral Federal Assembly (Bundesversammlung)
   Federal Council (Bundesrat): consists of 63 members representing each
   of the provinces on the basis of population, but with each province
   having at least 3 representatives
   National Council (Nationalrat): elections last held 9 October 1994
   (next to be held October 1998); results - SPOE 34.9%, OEVP 27.7%, FPOE
   22.5%, Greens 7.3%, LF 6.0% other 1.6%; seats - (183 total) SPOE 65,
   OEVP 52, FPOE 42, Greens 13, LF 11
  
   Judicial branch: Supreme Judicial Court (Oberster Gerichtshof) for
   civil and criminal cases, Administrative Court
   (Verwaltungsgerichtshof) for bureaucratic cases, Constitutional Court
   (Verfassungsgerichtshof) for constitutional cases
  
   Political parties and leaders: Social Democratic Party of Austria
   (SPOE), Franz VRANITZKY, chairman; Austrian People's Party (OEVP),
   Erhard BUSEK, chairman; Freedom Movement (F) (was the Freedom Party of
   Austria, FPOE), Joerg HAIDER, chairman; Communist Party (KPOE), Walter
   SILBERMAYER, chairman; The Greens, Madeleine PETROVIC; Liberal Forum
   (LF), Heide SCHMIDT
  
   Other political or pressure groups: Federal Chamber of Commerce and
   Industry; Austrian Trade Union Federation (primarily Socialist); three
   composite leagues of the Austrian People's Party (OEVP) representing
   business, labor, and farmers; OEVP-oriented League of Austrian
   Industrialists; Roman Catholic Church, including its chief lay
   organization, Catholic Action
  
   Member of: AfDB, AG (observer), AsDB, Australia Group, BIS, CCC, CE,
   CEI, CERN, EBRD, ECE, EFTA, ESA, EU, FAO, G- 9, GATT, IADB, IAEA,
   IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF,
   IMO, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MINURSO, MTCR, NAM
   (guest), NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, ONUSAL, OSCE, PCA, UN,
   UNAMIR, UNCTAD, UNDOF, UNESCO, UNFICYP, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIKOM, UNMIH,
   UNOMIL, UNOMOZ, UNTSO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC
  
   Diplomatic representation in US:
   chief of mission: Ambassador Helmut TUERK
   chancery: 3524 International Court NW, Washington, DC 20008-3035
   telephone: [1] (202) 895-6700
   FAX: [1] (202) 895-6750
   consulate(s) general: Chicago, Los Angeles, and New York
  
   US diplomatic representation:
   chief of mission: Ambassador Swanee G. HUNT
   chancery: Boltzmanngasse 16, A-1091, Vienna
   mailing address: use embassy street address
   telephone: [43] (1) 313-39
   FAX: [43] (1) 310-0682
   consulate(s) general: none (Salzburg closed September 1993)
  
   Flag: three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and red
  
   Economy
  
   Overview: Austria boasts a prosperous and stable market economy with a
   sizable but falling proportion of nationalized industry and with
   extensive welfare benefits. Thanks to its raw material endowment, a
   technically skilled labor force, and strong links to German industrial
   firms, Austria occupies specialized niches in European industry and
   services (tourism, banking) and produces almost enough food to feed
   itself with only 8% of the labor force in agriculture. After 11
   consecutive years of growth, the Austrian economy experienced a mild
   recession in 1993, but growth resumed in 1994. Unemployment is 4.3%
   and will likely stay at that level as companies adjust to the
   competition of EU membership beginning 1 January 1995. To prepare for
   EU membership, Austria's government has taken measures to open the
   economy by introducing a major tax reform, privatizing state-owned
   firms, and liberalizing cross-border capital movements. Problems for
   the 1990s include an aging population, the high level of industrial
   subsidies, and the struggle to keep welfare benefits within budgetary
   capabilities - the deficit climbed to over 4% of GDP in 1994.
  
   National product: GDP - purchasing power parity - $139.3 billion (1994
   est.)
  
   National product real growth rate: 2.5% (1994 est.)
  
   National product per capita: $17,500 (1994 est.)
  
   Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3% (1994)
  
   Unemployment rate: 4.3% (1994 est.)
  
   Budget:
   revenues: $52.2 billion
   expenditures: $60.3 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA
   (1993 est.)
  
   Exports: $44.1 billion (1994 est.)
   commodities: machinery and equipment, iron and steel, lumber,
   textiles, paper products, chemicals
   partners: EC 63.5% (Germany 38.9%), EFTA 9.0%, Eastern Europe/FSU
   12.3%, Japan 1.5%, US 3.4% (1993)
  
   Imports: $53.8 billion (1994 est.)
   commodities: petroleum, foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, vehicles,
   chemicals, textiles and clothing, pharmaceuticals
   partners: EC 66.8% (Germany 41.3%), EFTA 6.7%, Eastern Europe/FSU
   7.5%, Japan 4.4%, US 4.4% (1993)
  
   External debt: $21.5 billion (1994 est.)
  
   Industrial production: growth rate 2.5% (1994 est.)
  
   Electricity:
   capacity: 17,230,000 kW
   production: 50.2 billion kWh
   consumption per capita: 5,824 kWh (1993)
  
   Industries: foods, iron and steel, machines, textiles, chemicals,
   electrical, paper and pulp, tourism, mining, motor vehicles
  
   Agriculture: accounts for 3.2% of GDP (including forestry); principal
   crops and animals - grains, fruit, potatoes, sugar beets, sawn wood,
   cattle, pigs, poultry; 80%-90% self-sufficient in food
  
   Illicit drugs: transshipment point for Southwest Asian heroin
   transiting the Balkan route and Eastern Europe
  
   Economic aid:
   donor: ODA and OOF commitments (1970-89), $2.4 billion
  
   Currency: 1 Austrian schilling (S) = 100 groschen
  
   Exchange rates: Austrian schillings (S) per US$1 - 10.774 (January
   1995), 11.422 (1994), 11.632 (1993), 10.989 (1992), 11.676 (1991),
   11.370 (1990)
  
   Fiscal year: calendar year
  
   Austria:Transportation
  
   Railroads:
   total: 5,624 km
   standard gauge: 5,269 km 1.435-m gauge (3,162 km electrified)
   narrow gauge: 355 km 1.000-m and 0.760-m gauge (84 km electrified)
   (1994)
  
   Highways:
   total: 110,000 km
   paved: 35,000 km (including 1,554 km of autobahn)
   unpaved: mostly gravel and earth 75,000 km (1992)
  
   Inland waterways: 446 km
  
   Pipelines: crude oil 554 km; petroleum products 171 km; natural gas
   2,611 km
  
   Ports: Linz, Vienna
  
   Merchant marine:
   total: 32 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 152,885 GRT/235,719 DWT
   ships by type: bulk 3, cargo 25, oil tanker 1, refrigerated cargo 2,
   roll-on/roll-off cargo 1
  
   Airports:
   total: 55
   with paved runways over 3,047 m: 1
   with paved runways 2,438 to 3,047 m: 5
   with paved runways 1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
   with paved runways 914 to 1,523 m: 3
   with paved runways under 914 m: 41
   with unpaved runways 914 to 1,523 m: 4
  
   Austria:Communications
  
   Telephone system: 4,014,000 telephones; highly developed and efficient
  
   local: NA
   intercity: NA
   international: 2 INTELSAT (1 Atlantic Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean), and
   EUTELSAT earth stations
  
   Radio:
   broadcast stations: AM 6, FM 21 (repeaters 545), shortwave 0
   radios: NA
  
   Television:
   broadcast stations: 47 (repeaters 870)
   televisions: NA
  
   Austria:Defense Forces
  
   Branches: Army (includes Flying Division)
  
   Manpower availability: males age 15-49 2,026,567; males fit for
   military service 1,695,879; males reach military age (19) annually
   46,821 (1995 est.)
  
   Defense expenditures: exchange rate conversion - about $1.8 billion,
   0.9% of GDP (1994)
  
  
  
No guarantee of accuracy or completeness!
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